Pak Minister Charges Third party behind blame-game

Third party behind blame-game: Pak minister

Press Trust Of India

India and Pakistan blame each other for their internal security problems because of some “third interest”, Pakistani minister Firdous Ashiq Awan suggested on Wednesday and said the two countries should sit together to address “communication gaps” and “trust deficit”.

Awan, Minister for Population Welfare, said the two countries could address their concerns over terrorism through talks.

“Whatever happens in Balochistan, our people blame India and similarly whatever happens here in India, people here blame Pakistan. There is some third conspiracy also and we have to pin-point that third interest-based conspiracy,” she said during an interaction with FICCI but did not elaborate.

She said people of the two countries love each other as they have “some sort of inherited relation” but “unluckily due to trust deficits, certain communication gaps and a lot of problems related to the vested sections across the board, there are certain issues that have to be elaborated more.”

On the issue of terrorism which India says is the “core” concern vis-a-vis relations with Pakistan, Awan said her country should not be blamed as it also was a victim of the “global phenomenon” of terrorism.

“Each day, we are facing 2-3 blasts in different cities in Pakistan. This is not localised to India. Even Pakistan is going through the same turmoil,” she said.

“How we have to handle that and how we have to address this issue is another challenge for both the countries and the best way to handle that is that we should sit together,” the Pakistani minister said and pitched for resumption of the Composite Dialogue.

“We should address each other’s mindset — that we are blaming India, India is blaming Pakistan,” she said.

On the run, militants find new haven

On the run, militants find new haven

In this image taken on Nov. 17, 2009, Pakistani troops walk through the damaged market in Sararogha, a town of the troubled Pakistani tribal region of South Waziristan along the Afghan border. – AP

ISLAMABAD: They were never routed, no matter what Pakistan claimed. Instead, the Taliban and al-Qaida fighters have merely relocated. They’re still near the Afghan border.

Months after Pakistani troops chased them from South Waziristan, these militants have established a new base farther north under the protection of an insurgent leader who has cut past deals with the Pakistani army, according to residents, militants and reports from Associated Press correspondents who visited recently.

The fighters — including Arabs, Chechens and Uzbeks — roam through markets, frequent restaurants and watch jihadi movies or surf the web at Internet cafes, their weapons propped up against the table. Pakistani troops wave them through checkpoints even though they’re armed with assault rifles and rocket launchers.

These are the new VIPs in Pakistan’s most dangerous region, North Waziristan.

The influx of these militants in North Waziristan in recent months adds to pressure on the army to launch an offensive there, and raises questions over its policy of making agreements with Gul Bahadur and other insurgent commanders who threaten US forces in Afghanistan but do not attack targets in Pakistan.

Bahadur agreed not to help his fellow militants during last year’s offensive in South Waziristan as part of an understanding reached with the army. In exchange, the army would not attack his territory to the north. Now it appears that this pact has backfired on the army, enabling militants whom Pakistan considers a threat to its security to regroup on Bahadur’s lands.

The military says it is not moving into North Waziristan because it does not have enough troops to do so effectively. Critics say the force is holding back because it does not want to sever alliances with militant factions fighting just across the border in Afghanistan, believing they will one day serve Pakistan’s interests there.

That makes North Waziristan an enticing destination for extremists, even with US missiles regularly pounding the region. All but two of the 27 missile strikes fired from unmanned drones since January have hit targets in the north, according to a count by the AP.

Newly arrived Pakistani Taliban, Arab and Uzbek militants from South Waziristan are now commonly seen in the north’s major towns, Mir Ali and Miramshah, which are under the control of Bahadur, according to residents there and two AP reporters in the region.

The Pakistani Taliban has set up a command and control center in Mir Ali bazaar, where it communicates by radio with other groups in the tribal belt, witnesses say.

All those interviewed declined to give their names, citing fear of retribution by either the Taliban or Pakistani security forces. The AP reporters also asked to remain anonymous for the same reason.

“Under tribal customs and traditions, we are bound to host brothers from South Waziristan. We are like brothers and we support each other,” said a close aide to Bahadur. “We have no concern that our attitude toward the Pakistani Taliban in our area will invite an army offensive. Why should it? Neither we nor the Pakistani Taliban men have caused any problems for the army in North Waziristan.”

Before launching the offensive in South Waziristan, the Pakistani army acknowledged striking the deal with Bahadur.

On Wednesday, army spokesman Maj. Gen. Athar Abbas denied the force had any ongoing deal with Bahadur not to attack his territory, saying the local administration may have an arrangement with tribal leaders in the area to ensure peace there.

But security analysts and residents disputed this, saying there was clearly a truce of some sort in the region.

Abbas insisted the army had not ceded the north to militants, saying the army had about 25,000 troops stationed there that carry out small-scale, targeted operations against insurgents.

Any such operations are rarely reported.

Despite the remarks by Bahadur’s aide, there are signs the new arrivals may be straining relations with their hosts.

The Pakistani Taliban circulated a leaflet two months ago calling on their fighters to avoid any “criminal activity” and interference in the internal affairs of the region.

The army began its operations in South Waziristan in October against the Pakistani Taliban, an umbrella grouping of militants that has claimed responsibility for many of the hundreds of suicide bombs to hit the country over the last two years.

It retook the area in about two months, but most of the insurgents fled rather than fight and none of the top commanders were captured or killed.

In Washington, a senior military official confirmed that fighters scattered from South Waziristan, including some to the north and others into Afghanistan. They included foreign fighters, he said on condition of anonymity because it involves intelligence.

The army has since launched air and ground operations in the Orakzai tribal area, where it says many of those who fled South Waziristan have ended up. But several analysts said they believed North Waziristan was home to most of the insurgents, including their leaders.

“The Taliban are receiving undeclared protection and shelter there in North Waziristan. The issue is now for how long this can be sustained,” said Imtiaz Gul, director of the Center for Research and Security Studies in Islamabad. “If you look at the growing convergence between the Pakistan and the US military, it will be difficult for Gul Bahadur to keep these people and not be disturbed.”

Bahadur, whose forces do not carry out attacks within Pakistan, is regarded as “good Taliban” by Pakistani security agencies. But he and other allied insurgents leaders in the north, among them Jalaluddin Haqqani, regularly dispatch men to fight US and Nato troops in Afghanistan.

US officials have praised Pakistan’s actions against the Taliban in the northwest over the last 18 months, a change from two years ago when their refrain was a near constant “Pakistan must do more.” They have also said they understood Pakistan’s reasons for not going into North Waziristan immediately.

But an uptick in bombings in recent weeks in Pakistani cities after three month of relative calm will add to calls for action in the north.

“The strikes over the last couple of days mean the Taliban have reorganized,” said Mahmood Shah, a former security chief for Pakistan’s tribal regions. “I understand the complexities of launching an operation in North Waziristan, but I think it will become a compulsion.”

Some residents said they saw signs that a military offensive might come — from soldiers repairing checkpoints on previously abandoned roads, to Pakistani Taliban fighters using the north as a base.

“After the military operation in South Waziristan we have seen Arabs, Uzbeks and Pakistani Taliban in Miran Shah market,” said a school teacher in that town near the Afghan border. “I am happy with the agreement between Gul Bahadur and Pakistan, but I fear another military operation in our area when I see these people having free movement.”

The owner of a pharmacy in the same town had similar fears.

“I am not hopeful about the future of the Gul Bahadur agreement when I see what’s happening on the ground,” he said.

The Guy Who Filmed the Polish Plane Crash Was Allegedly Assassinated In Kiev

The guy who filmed the shots fired at the POLISH PLANE CRASH

WAS ASSASSINATED

Author of the video seen by everyone by now has been stabbed near Kijow on 4.15 and transported in critical condition to the hospital in Kijow. On 4.16 three unidentified individuals unplugged him from life support system and stabbed him 3 more times. Andrij was prenounced dead that afternoon. Russian government claims it was a coincidence. “

more about “Polish Crash Site–Gunshots heard“, posted with vodpod

Turkey seeks closure on troubled past

[The Ergenekon "Deep State" (Turkey's "Gladio") investigations are revealing many horrible things that Turkey's military would prefer never saw the light of day, if only the investigations can continue to hold the support of the Turkish people.  Only this can free Turkey from the grip of the USA.]

Turkey seeks closure on troubled past

ISTANBUL: In Court Number 6 in Diyarbakir, the main city in the mainly Kurdish southeast, Turkey is examining its recent history.

Along with six others, Colonel Cemal Temizoz stands accused of at least 20 killings during his time as a paramilitary commander in Cizre, a town in Sirnak province on the Syrian border, between 1993 and 1995.

Never before has such a senior uniformed figure faced trial for crimes committed during Turkey’s bloody counter-insurgency campaign against ethnic Kurdish separatists.

Lurid testimony has been given of severed ears threaded as prayer beads and corpses disposed of in wells of acid. The web of evidence includes jailhouse testimony from a brother of Cizre’s former mayor and the discovery of human remains.

For over 25 years the Kurdistan Workers’ Party or PKK, a group designated a terrorist organisation by Turkey, the European Union and the United States, has fought an armed struggle in pursuit of a separate Kurdish state.

The conflict has cost tens of thousands of lives and led to a stream of internal migration away from the affected areas.

While human rights campaigners and the families of the dead have welcomed the Temizoz trial, the case also highlights the problems Turkey faces in reaching any settlement with its past.

Prime Minister Tayyip Erdogan, the leader of the Islamic-leaning Justice and Development Party or AK, has tried to expand the rights of minority Kurds.

Nationalist rivals fiercely oppose Erdogan’s initiatives, but so do many AK supporters. An election is due next year, and the AK has to protect its vote bank to win a third term.

The influence of conservative, secular nationalists opposed to AK has waned, but they remain a force to be reckoned with in a country that has become increasingly polarised since the AK shot to power in 2002.

The old elite’s strongholds remain the military and the judiciary and the courts have become a battleground.

“Turkey is dealing with issues of transitional justice while the transition is not over yet,” said Gerald Knaus, a fellow at the Carr Center for Human Rights Policy at Harvard University.

While South Africa and some Latin American nations have tried to address past human rights abuses after a complete change of regime, Turkey is trying to address its past without such a dividing line between old and new governments.

At the same time it is taking steps to strengthen its democracy, having seen its military topple four governments in the last 50 years.

“What is happening in Turkey at the moment does not happen usually in countries where there is no big rupture,” said Kerem Oktem, an academic at St Anthony’s College in Oxford.

For decades the idea endured that the military stood above civilian authorities as guardian of the secular values of the modern republic founded in 1923 by Mustafa Kemal Ataturk.

Today that notion is changing. There is still enormous respect for the military and Ataturk’s portrait adorns classroom and office walls across the country.

But Turks, confident that democracy will bring prosperity and opportunity, do not want any more coups, and many believe the armed forces must be subject to the same laws as the rest of the country.

The ruling AK party has drafted constitutional amendments that would, among other changes, make military officers liable for prosecution in civilian, rather than military, courts.

Much of the current focus on the past stems from the Ergenekon investigation, a probe into the supposed ‘deep state’— a secret group of hard-line nationalists in the security forces and bureaucracy determined to uphold secular values.

The agreement between Turkey and Armenia under threat

armenian parliamentArmenian parliament consider Turkey’s statements on Karabakh inadmissible

The ruling coalition of the Armenian Parliament insists on the suspension of the ratification process of the peace protocol with Turkey. The Armenian parliamentarians accused the Turkish Store ONU of deliberately slowing down the peace process.

The Republican Party, whose member is the President of Armenia Serzh Sargsyan and the Prosperous Armenia Party “and” Country of Law “in their joint appeal said that Turkey has put impossible conditions for the resumption of diplomatic relations.

The stumbling block at this stage of the peace process was the problem of Nagorno-Karabakh, the disputed enclave of Azerbaijan that Armenia took control in 1993.

The day before, on Monday, Turkish Foreign Minister Ahmed Davitoglu during his visit to Baku, the country’s authorities had promised that Ankara will continue to support Azerbaijan in the Nagorno-Karabakh conflict.

“I came to Baku in order to inform the leadership of Azerbaijan about our talks in Washington with President of Armenia. Azerbaijan and Turkey remain united in their positions on controversial issues,” – said Davitoglu.

In response, the ruling parliamentary coalition of Armenia on Thursday said: “The political majority of the National Assembly considers the application of the Turkish side unacceptable. In particular, we are outraged statements by the Prime – Minister Recep Tayyip Erdogan, who once again put the ratification of the Armenian-Turkish protocols directly dependent on addressing the issue of Nagorno-Karabakh.

“We believe it necessary to suspend the ratification process for as long as Turkey is ready to continue negotiations without conditions”, – reads the statement.

President Serzh Sargsyan has upheld the decision of party members and announced the suspension of the ratification of the protocols.

“We consider the possibility of moving forward in the negotiation process only when we are convinced that for this purpose in Turkey created a conducive atmosphere. The leadership of this country should be fully prepared to engage in the normalization process,” – said Sarkissian in his address to the nation on Thursday.

Diplomatic impasse

On April 24 in Armenia said the 95 th anniversary of the fact that the country consider the genocide of Armenians in the Ottoman Empire 1915-1917. Which killed about a half million Armenians.

Turkey events of World War I as genocide does not recognize. Diplomatic efforts to overcome misunderstandings between the two countries for many years have met with many obstacles.

In 1993, Turkey in solidarity with Azerbaijan, has closed its border with Armenia.

In October 2009 Turkey and Armenia in the course of intense negotiations, signed the agreement on establishing diplomatic relations and open borders. The agreement consists of two protocols had to be approved by the parliaments of two countries. In light of recent statements by Armenian parliamentarians analysts fear that diplomatic efforts will not take any action.

Turkish response

erdoganThe Government of Recep Tayyip Erdogan insists on resolving the Karabakh

In response to the statements of the ruling coalition of the Armenian Parliament, Turkey said it was considering its details.

“In light of what happened, we also discuss our next steps”, spokesman of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Turkey, Burak Ozugergin, refusing to elaborate.

Turkish Prime Minister Recep Tayyip Erdogan at a press conference in Ankara, said that despite the position of the Armenian parliament, Turkey remains committed to the process of ratification of the protocols with Armenia.

“We have repeatedly expressed our intention to implement these protocols. From his words we do not refuse, we still want this to happen”, “Erdogan said.

KARABAKH CONFLICT COULD EXPLODE THE WHOLE REGION

KARABAKH CONFLICT COULD EXPLODE THE WHOLE REGION

  • Коллаж Андрея СЕДЫХ

The current problems of the South Caucasus is largely derived from its extremely important strategic value. This juncture of continents, civilizations, geopolitical systems, an important crossroads and communications corridor. In addition, the region immediately adjacent to the richest deposits of hydrocarbons in the Middle East, Caspian Sea, Iranian plateau.

That is why the South Caucasus could become an arena of violent confrontation between states and individuals, and coalitions of states against the use of all available forces and means, not excluding the military. In this case one of the most explosive issues in the region is undoubtedly the Karabakh conflict.

MOSCOW – FOR PEACEFUL SETTLEMENT

In the spring of 1994, with the mediation of Russia fighting on the territory of Nagorno-Karabakh, in the border areas of Armenia and Azerbaijan have been stopped. And the fact that there still prevails a lull, however, from time to time broken by skirmishes and clashes, also a direct service of the Russian Federation. It is for all the past 16 years has been the guarantor of peace and stability in this part of the region.

It is in Karabakh Russia has to defend its interests in the South Caucasus and the Caspian Sea. Moscow is well aware that the more passive she behaves, the more will be intensified its competitors. Not surprisingly, Russian president Dmitry Medvedev sought to maintain close contacts with the leaders of Armenia and Azerbaijan, trying to achieve early resolution of the Karabakh problem. He made Yerevan and Baku to follow exclusively peaceful means to resolve the conflict by signing with the presidents of Armenia and Azerbaijan, an agreement in the capital of Russia in 2008.

It should be noted that Moscow generally tries to keep a very balanced policy in relations with Yerevan and Baku, because it has vital interests in Armenia, and Azerbaijan. Friendly relations with the two republics is very significant for Russia. For Armenia – the location of military bases of the Armed Forces of Russia, while Azerbaijan is one of the leading suppliers of energy in Eurasia. It should also take into account the presence of Azerbaijani and Armenian diaspora in the Russian Federation.

Meanwhile, the presidents of Armenia and Azerbaijan, Serzh Sargsyan and Ilham Aliyev continues to strongly defend their views on the Karabakh issue. Armenia advocates for the recognition of independence of Nagorno-Karabakh in return for the cession of territory, not part of the NKR. Aliyev also wanted to return and Azeri areas lost during the war in the early 90′s, and Karabakh as a whole. To achieve its goals, both the president “flirt” with all leading geopolitical players in the “South Caucasus field”: the U.S., EU, Turkey, Russia, etc.

If the “flirt” turn into a serious relationship with a competitor of Russia, and Yerevan, and Baku, may be able to change the vectors of its foreign policy. But in this case, Moscow has more powerful means of pressure on them. It just will not interfere with the national liberation movements Karabakh, Lezgins, Avars, Talysh and raise the level of relations with Iran. And this once and for all close all gas and oil Caspian projects of the West. The geopolitical axis of Russia – Lezgistan – Karabakh – Talysh – Iran – India will be a cold shower for the Euro-Atlantic community, and for Turkey.


NKR – De facto Sovereign States

Presidents Aliyev and Sargsyan not take into account one important point – namely, the interests of the people of Karabakh and the changes in this country. What specifically do you mean?

There was a generational change in Nagorno-Karabakh: there have grown and matured, many thousands of people who do not represent their own republic within another state, including Armenia.

Psychological factor. The war touched almost every family of Karabakh and caused serious psychological harm to its people. Now the fear of being evicted, as Nakhichevan Armenians, or cut forces them to protect and cherish their independence.

The military factor. NKR Army – one of the most capable in the South Caucasus. Youth-Karabakh considers that the independence of their country she needs to make its own contribution. And if it committed aggression against the republic, they will have the opportunity to do so.

Ethnocultural factors. Do Armenians living in Nagorno-Karabakh, developed a spiritual “filter” that separates the Caucasian-Albanian and Azeri-Turkish culture. The atmosphere of chronic mistrust of Karabakh Armenians to a second type of ethno-cultural growing belligerent statements of Azerbaijan.

Autonomy of Stepanakert. It is still dimly seen today, because the second and third presidents of Armenia – Karabakh representatives. However, this does not mean that the NCI intends to unquestioningly obey the sister republic. Armenia and Azerbaijan are stubbornly unwilling to recognize that Nagorno Karabakh is really an independent state. Therefore, all negotiations which take place without the consent of Yerevan and Stepanakert’s participation would have no real results.

Self-proclaimed Nagorno Karabakh Republic – the de facto sovereign state – the freedom of action of Armenia and Azerbaijan. For Yerevan Karabakh issue key. The sensitivity of the Armenian political elite and the Armenian society in general to this problem is too high. For Azerbaijan, it is also very important. And Baku, and Yerevan want by any means possible to solve it, and preferably in their favor, and this rush forced the authorities of Azerbaijan and Armenia to make a series of strategic mistakes.

ERRORS OF AZERBAIJAN

First – Baku widely advertised Azerbaijani oil and gas resources and has turned this issue into a tool to solve foreign policy problems. However, drawing attention to its hydrocarbon riches, Azerbaijan – a country with weak infrastructure, and ethnic and confessional problems – automatically becomes a prey to the great powers.

Second – demonstrative rejection of NKR as an independent factor in the negotiation process, as well as the reluctance of Baku to establish bilateral relations with Stepanakert. That is alarming, many representatives of national minorities living in Azerbaijan, and strengthens their separatist sentiments.

Third – the militant rhetoric of officials of Azerbaijan, threatening to withdraw from the negotiating process and settle the Karabakh problem by military means. This position strikes the image of Baku, describes him as an unreliable partner who is not responsible for the signed agreements.

Fourth – Azerbaijani authorities introduced himself and his people astray, believing that they can regain Karabakh by force. Any attempts of military action by the Baku jeopardize the integrity and stability not only in Azerbaijan but also the entire South Caucasus. And this is against the interests of Russia, Iran and China.

ERRORS OF ARMENIA

In turn, Armenia, seeking to preserve the status quo-Karabakh, also made a number of strategic mistakes.

The first – by selling their businesses, factories, gas, railway companies, etc. Russia, including private capital, Yerevan, believing that all foreign and domestic issues will be resolved automatically. This did not happen.

The second – the Armenian authorities consider that the return of the territory around Karabakh to Azerbaijan and the transfer of the status of Nagorno Karabakh indefinitely solve three problems: a) give legitimacy to its power, which is fighting against the opposition, and b) open border with Turkey, c) will relieve from responsibility for Karabakh. It is annoying not only the Armenian Diaspora, but also the Armenians of Karabakh.

Fearing such action in Yerevan, has intensified its mediation mission to Tehran. He does not want to see on the territory of Azerbaijan, near the Iranian border, international armed forces and most importantly – the creation of yet another military beachhead against the Islamic Republic.

Third – in Yerevan, demanding that the Armenian foreign financial and political support, while ignoring their opinion, thought it would last forever. However, this position has refocused the attention of foreign Armenians to other places of historic Armenia.

These errors are the two states have prepared fertile ground for activism U.S., EU, Turkey, Israel and Iran.

TRUMPS U.S. and the European demarche

The main geopolitical rival of Moscow – Washington is very active, but covert operation in the South Caucasus.

Memorandum by the Deputy Minister of Defense William Lynn on July 9, 2009 amends section 302 (a) of the Trade Agreements Act of 1979, ordering the Pentagon to buy only American goods and services. In accordance with this amendment is now an exception is made for nine countries: Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Pakistan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan. Under this clause the company named above from each state, won the tender held by the U.S. Ministry of Defense, and entered into a contract with him, is obliged to notify about their government. At the same time to warn him that was unlikely to get a new American jobs, if the firms from the United States will not be given greater access to the economy.

U.S. and British intelligence agencies, with the Turkish and European allies are actively working with Armenian and Azeri youth, using all the “humanitarian” representation of Western countries, international organizations and dozens of NGOs in Armenia and Azerbaijan. To carry out this “education and upbringing” process designed to FULBRIGHT Program and FLEX (USA), Caucasus School of Journalists (Tbilisi), the European Students Forum (AEGEE, Ankara), USAID – Agency of the U.S. federal government, the Eurasia Foundation, Southern Resource Center, and t . e. Purpose – reorientation of Yerevan and Baku exclusively on Washington, the withdrawal of Russian military bases in Armenia, squeezing Russia out of the Transcaucasus.

But the Americans have a couple of weighty political trump cards for the Karabakh game. This possibility of recognizing the fact of genocide of Armenians in 1915-1923, respectively (a kind of stick over the head of Turkey) and the independence of Nagorno Karabakh (blackmail and Yerevan, and Baku).

The fact that Washington is preparing for major changes in the South Caucasus, prove two purposes. New deputy head of the Baku office of the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe was Melissa Stone, a State Department employee who worked previously in the OSCE Mission in Kosovo, and the post of U.S. co-chair the OSCE by former U.S. Ambassador to Croatia Robert Bradtke. This alerted many Azerbaijani analysts, because it was possible that the United States intend to include the South Caucasus in the framework of the global project “Balkanization-800.

With Americans in solidarity, the EU, which irritates the threat of Baku redirect gas supplies if Brussels will pull to the definition of tariffs within the gas pipeline Nabucco, which must provide the “blue fuel” from Central Asia to Europe, bypassing Russia. The consequences are not forced myself to wait long.

February 3, 2010 The Norwegian Helsinki Committee (NHC) has prepared a special report titled “Black Island Azerbaijan: violations of human rights in Nakhichevan (the Nakhichevan Autonomous Republic). The document was circulated in Strasbourg at the PACE winter session of the special delegation, organized by the Norwegian Fund RAFTO.

Difficult to “Big Brother”

Turkey – a key player in the Caucasus as a whole. But she had serious internal problems (polity, ethnic minorities, Turks and self-identity, etc.). And at the same time, the international situation allows Ankara attempt to become the leader of the Islamic community. The rift in the Arab world, the identification of his sometimes with international terrorism do not allow any of the Arab countries, professing mainly Sunni, to apply for this role. Like Iran, professing Shiism. The Turkish leaders have advocated for secular Islam and are ready to stand solidly for the rights of Muslims throughout the world. Prime Minister Recep Tayyip Erdogan has clearly demonstrated it in Davos, when defending the Palestinians, had quarreled with the President of Israel, and cut short his visit, left Switzerland.

Particularly shocked Washington and Tel Aviv, close relations between Turkey and Iran. Ankara has promised to Tehran to provide military assistance in case of aggression by Israel.

But such a policy Erdogan confronts Turkey’s General Staff. The antagonism between supporters of secular and Islamic political system is growing. Yield to no one wants.

Against this backdrop, Ankara has serious political, economic and religious issues with Baku. They are, however, crowding a long time but clearly manifested after the signing of a treaty between Armenia and Turkey on establishing diplomatic relations without preconditions. Republic of Turkey, on the basis of their national interests, really wants to establish mutually beneficial contacts with neighbors. And with Armenia – in the first place in the light of pressure from the U.S. and the EU. This is vital for the integrity of the country. However, Baku has accused Ankara of separatist agreements with Yerevan, and made a series of diplomatic demarches. Turkey, in order not to offend their “younger brothers”, began to bind the Karabakh problem with the Armenian-Turkish protocol. And he prepared himself to a standstill.

Do not fold, and gas relations between Ankara and Baku, they still can not agree on the price of gas supplies from Shah Deniz field in the Caspian region to Europe. The unresolved issue of transit of Azerbaijani “blue fuel” through Turkey pushes Azerbaijan to seek alternative routes.

Shares of Baku and Ankara is one more problem – different trends of Islam. The official religion in Turkey – Sunni, as in Azerbaijan – Shiism. So it turns out that the Azerbaijanis profess Shi’ism, and lezginoyazychnye peoples, Avars and half Talyshs Azerbaijan – Sunni. And in recent years of mounting tensions between them. Azerbaijan Sunnis even enlisted the help of the chief mufti of Russia. The essence of the treatment that the Baku authorities do not allow Lesghians have their mosque with Lezgin title. And what to do in this situation, Ankara?

One thing is clear: Afghanistan can no longer count on the unconditional support from Turkey.

TEL AVIV ON THE SIDE OF BAKU

Tel Aviv, losing to Turkey as an ally, switched to Azerbaijan. Here he has a vital interest: in addition to gas and oil, this is a common border with Iran.

Israel, along with the United States has long called attention to the Talysh, especially at their place of residence, adjacent to the Azerbaijani-Iranian border. In Lick (Lerik) region, for example, built an underground military facility. On the third floor of the Post Office city Ostoro (Astara) was installed special equipment, where day and night observations were made outside the territory of Iran.

For the Israeli Air Force Talysh – an excellent springboard for attacks on Iranian nuclear facilities and missile bases. Not surprisingly, the Tel Aviv actively supports Azerbaijan in its confrontation with Yerevan and Stepanakert.

PURPOSE OF CHINA

Do not stay aloof from the settlement of the Karabakh conflict, and China. In fact he has a good reason – the problem with millions of Turks, Uighurs, who live compactly in the Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region of China. The suppression of riots in the capital of Xinjiang – Urumqi provoked a strong reaction in Turkey, the Prime Minister condemning Beijing, saying the Chinese authorities as genocide the Uighur people.

After that, the involvement of China in the Karabakh problem has increased dramatically. The purpose of the Middle Kingdom – do not permit the Turkish positions in the South Caucasus, as well as the establishment of Ankara with full control over the region, the U.S. and UK. Beijing understands that the organizers of the riots in Xinjiang are Americans, British and Turks. He knows also that Ankara wants to make southern Mongolia into a springboard for subversive activities against China.


POSITION OF TEHRAN

Throughout the Karabakh conflict Iran has sought to maintain strict neutrality. Moreover, he even tried to mediate between the warring parties, but it’s not like Washington, and Iran’s peacemaking initiative to any outcome failed.

Tehran has warned Azerbaijan against hostile steps against him, but to no avail. Senior and junior Aliyevs conducted pro-Turkish, pro-Western policies and this annoyed the southern neighbor of Azerbaijan. Now Iran is especially concerned about intensive relations with Baku Tel Aviv. The leaders of the Islamic Republic fear that the territory of Azerbaijan will be used against the country’s ruling regime. They know how the Americans and Israelis are trying to configure Talyshs (and they live in Iran) to fight with the Iranian authorities. In this regard, Iran has sharply increased interest in the Karabakh conflict.

In this matter, Tehran two allies – Russia and China. But whether Russia, Iran and China oppose scalps US-British-Israeli bloc? Only time will tell.

Thus, the Karabakh conflict today – a problem the entire South Caucasus. Those countries that do not have historical and cultural attachment to the region, trying to “tear” in it for the full program. They do not care about cares, the troubles of the Armenian or Azerbaijani people. They are important their interests, their own welfare and profit. These challenges are and will be addressed.

Vitally interested in the speedy settlement of the conflict countries – Armenia and Azerbaijan – have to forget all grievances and ambitions, to recognize the NKR-party talks and negotiate until it is too late. Otherwise, it will come when foreign armies, has developed a completely different geopolitical configuration and the view of Baku and Yerevan have one worry will not.

Araik Stepanian
Member of the Presidium of the Academy of Geopolitical Problems, PhD

The World’s Most Inappropriate Government Agencies

The World’s Most Inappropriate Government Agencies

Five offices that should consider updating their image.

BY ANDREW SWIFT | APRIL 15, 2010

The Backward Classes Bureau

Country: India
What they do: Provide welfare services for and represent the interests of poor Indians. Approximately 50 percent of the world’s second most populous country are members of “backward classes,” a rather blunt designation for lower-caste Hindus and other disadvantaged religious and ethnic communities.

The National Commission for Backward Classes (a separate body from the bureau) maintains anextensive list of criteria for what are known as “other backward classes” (OBCs) — meaning that, frequently, new groups gain or old groups lose the designation.

A key indicator of backwardness is the type of job generally held by members of the given caste/class. Generally, Indians involved in agriculture or traditional craft making, with little parliamentary representation, or of low education or economic status, qualify for OBC designation.

The practice of having an agency for backward-class affairs was written into the 1949 Indian Constitution, and the first commission was created in 1953. In India’s 28 states, there are literallyhundreds of groups that are classified as OBCs. Backward classes are reserved 27 percent of university placements, an extremely valuable commodity in modern India. Few will disagree with the principles behind the work the bureau is performing, but a name change is definitely in order.