NSG Set To Deny India Reprocessing Technology, Allow China To Build Pakistani Reactors

India wary of NSG double blow

Siddharth Varadarajan

Pakistan may get pass even as ENR rules tighten

New Delhi: Two years after being made to jump through a hoop to win an exemption from the Nuclear Suppliers Group’s export ban, India is bracing itself for a double blow. At its plenary meeting in New Zealand beginning on Monday, the 46-nation cartel may turn a blind eye to China’s plan to supply new reactors to Pakistan, handing Islamabad a free pass. The NSG is also likely to adopt fresh restrictions on the transfer of enrichment and reprocessing (ENR) equipment and technology, thereby diluting New Delhi’s hard won ‘clean’ waiver.

The NSG members undertake to supply nuclear material and equipment only to countries which let the IAEA monitor all their nuclear facilities. Apart from reasons of safety, the only exception to this rule is if the supply is pursuant to pre-existing commitments.

China joined the NSG in May 2004. In a formal “declaration of existing projects” made at the time, it told the group of its 1991 cooperation agreement with Pakistan under which it had supplied a 300 MWe reactor at Chashma and had just undertaken to supply an additional 325 MWe reactor there. It did not, at the time, speak of ‘grandfathering’ any additional reactors under the 1991 agreement.

In recent months, however, the China National Nuclear Corporation has confirmed plans for building two new reactors at Chashma, a move that runs counter to those assurances. The supply would also violate commitments made to the IAEA in 2004 that “China will, once admitted into NSG, act in accordance with [its] guidelines.”

While conceding their “interest and concern” in the matter, Indian officials say it is for NSG members to object to China’s proposal and specify the conditions Islamabad must satisfy before being eligible for nuclear commerce. The Chinese side was asked about the proposed transfer during the visit to Beijing of President Pratibha Patil, but official sources denied India had told China not to go ahead with the deal.

On ENR, Hungary, currently chair of the NSG, told India in March that consensus on the new rules was still proving elusive. In the light of the September 2008 waiver, Indian officials had suggested exempting India from the applicability of draft rules banning ENR sales to non-NPT countries. But this proposal has found few takers. And now there are signs the U.S. and others are is pushing for the adoption of the ENR ban during the upcoming New Zealand plenary. The new rules will “very probably be approved,” an NSG diplomatic source told TheHindu on Sunday.

Another kind of Taliban

Another kind of Taliban

If Talibanisation stands for militancy, weapons, lawlessness and uncivilised behaviour, the Pakistan Army may as well forget the Waziristan operation and begin its charity from home — the DHA and Clifton areas of Karachi.

These areas are now in control of urban Taliban who roam around in obscene heavy duty vehicles, which are invariably official, stolen, smuggled or foreign registered.

They often travel in a convoy with dozens of prohibited bore weapon brandishing goons. They violate all traffic rules and hit, push, beat or even kidnap any decent citizen who questions this lawless behaviour.

While the illegal detention of a prominent city architect and scuffle with a PAF officer have been reported in the media, there are hundreds of similar incidents that go unreported. The citizens of Karachi may not have any immediate fears from the Taliban of Waziristan, but they are already in a state of siege by the lawless militant ministers, parliamentarians and powerful members of the state.

Many streets in DHA and Clifton have been partly barricaded to provide security to highly-guarded politicians. While the hungry citizens commit suicide, the state spends billions on protecting the ones that need the least protection.

It is time that citizens unite and ask for the removal of all ministers and parliamentarians from these areas, unless they can learn to obey the law and behave like ordinary citizens.

The DHA and Clifton authorities must be taken to task for failing to check the blocking of streets, pitching of tents, and the presence of thousands of armed militants. The police who never fail to charge-sheet a poor person in a Suzuki or motorcycle will never notice the thousands of fake Sindh Government vehicles, the foreign registered ones, the fake number plate ones, the no number plate ones and the AFR ones.

Should we not demand the sacking of the incompetent senior police officials just for this reason? The government is itself a party to this crime when it encourages these criminals and fake degree holders to behave like VIPs by creating discriminatory “Parliamentarian” counters for them at the airports.

Naeem Sadiq
Karachi

Suspicion falls on police connivance in militants’ escape

Suspicion falls on police connivance in militants’ escape

By Imran Ayub
A police officer shows the images of suspected militants, who escaped from court after a shootout, at his office in Karachi, June 19, 2010. — AP Photo

KARACHI: Police investigating the escape of four suspected militants, who got freed from police custody by their aides following an armed attack on the City Courts premises, have found a 9mm pistol, a hand grenade and two cellphones believed to be in possession of the undertrial prisoners, it emerged on Sunday.

While the investigators have not yet achieved any breakthrough in finding the whereabouts of the suspected militants, they say the objects found from the crime-scene raised questions about the possible connivance of the law-enforcers with those facing trial in the Ashura blast and other high-profile cases.

They felt certain that the evidence gathered from the crime-scene suggests collaboration of suspected militants with the law-enforcers to execute their plan or extreme carelessness on the part of the policemen, sources said, adding that three police officials, including a sub-inspector in charge of the city courts lock-up, had been already arrested for negligence.

“A 9mm pistol was found exactly at that place from where the four suspects — Murad Shah, Murtaza Inayat, Muhammad Wazeer and Shakeeb Farooqi — ran away,” said a senior official, who is part of the investigation team tasked with the arrest of the suspects.

“There is a consensus observation of the investigation team that the pistol belongs to one of the four UTPs. Similarly, two cellphones were found from Murad Shah who died after a hand-grenade that he was carrying went off. Both the cellphones having SIMs (subscriber identity module) of different companies were found on. It’s also obvious that he had a hand-grenade.”

He said the violent episode that lasted for a few minutes and included at least three hand-grenade attacks coupled with frequent and random firing by the armed men could not have allowed such stuff to be transferred to the four UTPs. The facts available on the ground suggested that the four UTPs had already those things when the scene offense began, he said.

“But it has yet to be determined from where they actually got these phones and arms,” said the official. “As we questioned the policemen on duty the four suspects visited the washroom twice one by one during their stay after being produced in court. It is unusual, to say the least.”

He said the City Courts had the common washrooms facility both for the UTPs and the visitors. There were serious doubts that the four suspects were transferred these stuff through the washrooms, added the official.

Nearly half a dozen armed men lobbed hand grenades inside the City Courts building on Saturday and gunned down a police constable before getting their four aides freed, who allegedly belonged to a militant outfit Jundallah. Though one of them later died during the encounter with the police, the four suspects were facing a total of 11 cases including three consecutive bomb blasts on 8th, 9th and 10th of Muharram-ul-Haram including a deadly attack on main Ashura procession on M. A. Jinnah Road in December 2009 that killed more than 40 people.

The police registered two separate FIRs against the four suspects and their unidentified aides for escape after attacking the policemen. An FIR (82/2010) was registered by the City Courts police station under Sections 302 (premeditated murder), 324 (attempted murder), 353 (assault or criminal force to deter public servant from discharge of his duty) and 34 (common intention) of the Pakistan Penal Code along with a Section 7 of the Anti-Terrorism Act 1997.

Similarly, the Risala police registered an FIR (412/2010) under Sections 324, 353 and 34 of the PPC along with Sections 3 and 5 of the Explosive Act for a police encounter that killed one of the suspects Murad Shah.

The authorities confirmed overnight raids in different areas across the city to trace possible links of the suspects freed and the attackers, who planned the deadly attack. However, after fresh findings by the investigations, the probe seemed to be moving in two directions with different objectives that included trace of the suspects and their collaboration if any with the law-enforcers.

”We believe in self accountability,” said capital city police officer (CCPO) Waseem Ahmed. “We have already arrested three police officials for their negligence in making proper security arrangements. It has yet to be established from where the objects found were brought in to the four suspects and the investigation team would definitely look into this matter.”

The Weaponization of Ethnicity–Latest Trend In State Terrorism

‘We Are Experiencing a New Kind of Terror’

By Benjamin Bidder

Kyrgyzstan's interim President Roza Otunbayeva (June 11 photo):
REUTERS

Kyrgyzstan’s interim President Roza Otunbayeva (June 11 photo):

Kyrgyzstan’s interim president, Roza Otunbayeva, has been struggling to deal with ethnic violence in her country. In a SPIEGEL interview, she claims that supporters of her predecessor Kurmanbek Bakiyev are deliberately trying to stoke conflict and speaks of her efforts to make Kyrgyzstan into a parliamentary democracy.

SPIEGEL: You came to power in April, after former Kyrgyz President Kurmanbek Bakiyev fled the country. Your presidency hasn’t been legitimized yet. How do you intend to change this?

Otunbayeva: The people will vote on a new constitution at the end of June. It will also be a referendum on my policies. After that, we will organize new elections, first for the parliament and then for the highest office in the country. I will not run for office. My mandate ends after a year and a half.

SPIEGEL: Kyrgyzstan threatens to split apart amid ethnic violence between Kyrgyzs and Uzbeks. You have lost control over the south. Is this the right time for a referendum?

Otunbayeva: Kyrgyzstan will not fall apart. The situation is stabilizing. Now the enemies must be eliminated, especially the snipers who are making it unsafe in the south. Our intelligence agencies are warning of further coordinated violence leading up to the referendum. We will be prepared.

SPIEGEL: Your counterparts in the neighboring Central Asian republics rule with dictatorial power, because they fear precisely the kind of instability currently being seen in Kyrgyzstan. Why do you want to introduce a parliamentary democracy?

Otunbayeva: Because it is in keeping with Kyrgyz traditions and way of life. Our nation was once formed out of 40 tribes. However, the presidential system has always led to authoritarian dominance by one clan. The people have driven their president out of the country twice for this very reason. Should this go on like this forever?

SPIEGEL: But you have no power. How do you intend to consolidate your control?

Otunbayeva: You are mistaken. In only two months, we thwarted several coup attempts by the clan of my predecessor, Bakiyev. We are experiencing a new kind of terror: the deliberate stoking of ethnic conflicts. Nevertheless, we have already achieved more in two months than Bakiyev’s corrupt regime did in five years, by reducing the costs of heating oil, electricity and water, and giving the country freedom of opinion and freedom of assembly.

SPIEGEL: Eyewitnesses report seeing regular Kyrgyz troops opening fire on Uzbek civilians in the city of Osh. Are there elements within the army that want to overthrow you?

Otunbayeva: I have no doubt that all of our troops are loyal to me. We had only nine armored vehicles in the south, and they were promptly engaged in fighting. Some were captured by the attackers and were then used against citizens. In other words, the attackers were not government employees but mercenaries — hired by supporters of my predecessor Bakiyev.

SPIEGEL: Kyrgyzstan is the only country in the world where both the United States and Russia have a military base. The major powers are competing for influence, but they have not yet come to your aid.

Otunbayeva: We must recognize that some processes take a distressingly long time. It takes time to send peacekeeping troops.

SPIEGEL: The US media has reported that you initially requested help from Washington, but without success, and only then turned to the Kremlin.

Otunbayeva: That’s incorrect. We maintain a very productive dialogue with Moscow. We had, however, asked the Americans for armored vehicles and for shock grenades and stun grenades, which our security forces would have used to stop the militant agitators.

Interview conducted by Benjamin Bidder.

Aid For Osh Not Reaching Uzbeks Up

Kyrgyzstan: Osh Uzbeks Up humanitarian aid does not reach nearly

21.06.2010 09:43 msk

Feruza Janie

According to the press service of Bishkek’s international airport “Manas” on June 18, to the south of Kyrgyzstan sent more than 1.2 million tons of humanitarian aid. However, according to “Fergany.Ru”to those most in need of this help people – lost their homes and even their relatives ethnic Uzbeks – it does not reach. To the Editor reported that the centers of the distribution of humanitarian aid requests dared refer to them by representatives of the Uzbek mahallas (neighborhoods) are mostly ignored.

According to residents of Shark aiyl okmotu (rural council Shark, formerly. Kolkhoz im. Kalinina) K, which the editors of Fergany.Ru “contacted by phone, now this village is concentrated around forty thousand representatives of the Uzbek community. Of these, thousands of 35 – local residents, the rest – the refugees left without shelter during the tragic events of recent days. Many lost their loved ones. K. House, too, was burned – literally in his eyes.

- Front of my house was a shop. I saw it as the military stood before him and shouted to his men: “Let’s load and lead!”. He was then set on fire. When we wanted to put out their homes, we are not allowed to get them, threatened to assault rifles. In my family, thank God, all survived, but several neighbors were killed – tells K.

When we caught up with him in the village just completed the distribution of humanitarian aid. But it came not from the local authorities.

- There is a small fund “Christian community”, who sent us pasta, butter, baby food, sugar, flour. Not much, but this assistance, thanks to them. We are now distributing it urgently needy people. There are about 1500 people whose homes were burned. They were distributed through the local families, the club lodged a hundred people in the tea-house. Under the open sky no one is left, – tells K.

Iranian Revolutionary Guard Offers US Its Oil Slick Removal Expertise

IRGC ready to eliminate oil slick in Gulf of Mexico

A unit of Iranian Revolutionary Guards Corps (IRGC) is ready to eliminate the oil slick in the Gulf of Mexico, the head of the unit, General Gasim Soleimani said, the website sepahnews.com. reported.

“If Great Britain and the United States send us a formal request, after review we will provide assistance in this matter,” he said.

Soleimani added that the IRGC has experience to eliminate such accidents in Kuwait.