Another Myth of American Supremacy Crumbles–Thank God for the Russians!

Historians rethink key Soviet role in Japan defeat

By SLOBODAN LEKIC (AP)

As the United States dropped its atomic bombs on Hiroshima and Nagasaki in August 1945, 1.6 million Soviet troops launched a surprise attack on the Japanese army occupying eastern Asia. Within days, Emperor Hirohito’s million-man army in the region had collapsed.

It was a momentous turn on the Pacific battleground of World War II, yet one that would be largely eclipsed in the history books by the atomic bombs dropped on Hiroshima and Nagasaki in the same week 65 years ago. But in recent years some historians have argued that the Soviet action served as effectively as — or possibly more than — the A-bombs in ending the war.

Now a new history by a professor at University of California, Santa Barbara seeks to reinforce that view, arguing that fear of Soviet invasion persuaded the Japanese to opt for surrender to the Americans, who they believed would treat them more generously than the Soviets.

Japan’s forces in northeast Asia first tangled with the Russians in 1939 when the Japanese army tried to invade Mongolia. Their crushing defeat at the battle of Khalkin Gol induced Tokyo to sign a neutrality pact that kept the USSR out of the Pacific war.

Tokyo turned its focus to confronting U.S., British and Dutch forces instead, which led to the Pearl Harbor attack on Dec. 7, 1941.

But following the German surrender on May 8, 1945, and having suffered a string of defeats in the Philippines, Okinawa and Iwo Jima, Japan turned to Moscow to mediate an end to the Pacific war.

However, Soviet leader Joseph Stalin had already secretly promised Washington and London that he would attack Japan within three months of Germany’s defeat. He thus ignored Tokyo’s plea, and mobilized more than a million troops along Manchuria’s border.

Operation August Storm was launched Aug. 9, 1945, as the Nagasaki bomb was dropped, and would claim the lives of 84,000 Japanese and 12,000 Soviet soldiers in two weeks of fighting. The Soviets ended up just 50 kilometers (30 miles) from Japan’s main northern island, Hokkaido.

“The Soviet entry into the war played a much greater role than the atomic bombs in inducing Japan to surrender because it dashed any hope that Japan could terminate the war through Moscow’s mediation,” said Tsuyoshi Hasegawa, whose recently published “Racing the Enemy” examines the conclusion of the Pacific war and is based on recently declassified Soviet archives as well as U.S. and Japanese documents..

“The emperor and the peace party (within the government) hastened to end the war expecting that the Americans would deal with Japan more generously than the Soviets,” Hasegawa, a Russian-speaking American scholar, said in an interview.

Despite the death toll from the atomic bombings — 140,000 in Hiroshima, 80,000 in Nagasaki the Imperial Military Command believed it could hold out against an Allied invasion if it retained control of Manchuria and Korea, which provided Japan with the resources for war, according to Hasegawa and Terry Charman, a historian of World War II at London’s Imperial War Museum.

“The Soviet attack changed all that,” Charman said. “The leadership in Tokyo realized they had no hope now, and in that sense August Storm did have a greater effect on the Japanese decision to surrender than the dropping of the A-bombs.”

In the U.S., the bombings are still widely seen as a decision of last resort against an enemy that appeared determined to fight to the death. President Harry S. Truman and U.S. military leaders believed an invasion of Japan would cost hundreds of thousands of American lives.

American historian Richard B. Frank has argued that as terrible as the atomic bombs were, they saved hundreds of thousands of American soldiers and millions of Japanese troops and civilians who would have perished if the conflict had gone on until 1946.

“In the famous words of Secretary of War Henry Stimson, (the bombs) were the ‘least abhorrent choice’ of a dreadful array of option facing American leaders,” he said in an interview. “Alternatives to the atomic bombs carried no guarantee as to when they would end the war and carried a far higher price in human death and suffering.”

Frank, who is writing a three-volume history of the Pacific war, said he continued to disagree with Hasegawa on the relative importance of the Soviet intervention and the A-bombs in forcing the surrender decision.

But he said they agreed that ultimate responsibility for what happened lay with Japan’s government and Hirohito, who had decided in June to draft almost the entire population, men and most women, to fight to the death.

“Since no provision had been made to place these people in uniform, invading Allied troops would have not been able to distinguish combatants from non-combatants, effectively turning each village in Japan into a military target,” Frank said.

The impact of the lightning Soviet advance comes through in the words of Japan’s wartime prime minister, Kantaro Suzuki, urging his cabinet to surrender.

He is quoted in Hasegawa’s book as saying, “If we miss (the chance) today, the Soviet Union will take not only Manchuria, Korea and Sakhalin, but also Hokkaido. We must end the war while we can deal with the United States.”

V-J Day, the day Japan ceased fighting, came on Aug. 15 (Aug. 14 in the U.S.), and Japan’s formal surrender followed on Sept. 2.

Dominic Lieven, a professor of Russian government at the London School of Economics, said anti-Soviet sentiment in the West tended to minimize Soviet military achievements.

Also, “very few Anglo-Americans saw the Soviet offensive in the Far East with their own eyes, and Soviet archives were not open to Western historians subsequently,” he said.

More surprising, even in Russia the campaign was largely ignored. Although the scale of the Soviet victory was unprecedented, 12,000 dead against Japan hardly compared with the life-and-death struggle against Nazi Germany, in which 27 million Soviets died.

“The importance of the operation was huge,” said retired Gen. Makhmut Gareyev, president of the Russian Academy of Military Sciences, who took part in the 1945 campaign. “By entering the war with militarist Japan … the Soviet Union precipitated the end of World War II.”

Lekic is based in Brussels. Associated Press writer Vladimir Isachenkov in Moscow contributed to this report.

Government Abuse of PTSD Soldiers In Iraq

[This is another form of state abuse that has regularly been meted-out to American soldiers since the days of WWII, probably before that.   Back then they were labeled as "gold-bricks" or "inadequate soldiers," before being jailed or given dishonorable discharges.  (SEE: Human Nature Is the Enemy of the State)]

Hundreds of PTSD soldiers likely misdiagnosed

For troops, an unfair stigma of a disorder makes them ineligible for benefits

Image: Chuck Luther

LM Otero / AP

Chuck Luther, who shows a tatoo at his home near Fort Hood, Texas, had served eight years in the Army. He said throughout his time in service, he received eight mental health evaluations, each clearing him as “fit for duty.” But that all changed.
By ANNE FLAHERTY

WASHINGTON — At the height of the Iraq war, the Army routinely fired hundreds of soldiers for having a personality disorder when they were more likely suffering from the traumatic stresses of war, discharge data suggests.

Under pressure from Congress and the public, the Army later acknowledged the problem and drastically cut the number of soldiers given the designation. But advocates for veterans say an unknown number of troops still unfairly bear the stigma of a personality disorder, making them ineligible for military health care and other benefits.

“We really have an obligation to go back and make sure troops weren’t misdiagnosed,” said Dr. Barbara Van Dahlen, a clinical psychologist whose nonprofit “Give an Hour” connects troops with volunteer mental health professionals.

The Army denies that any soldier was misdiagnosed before 2008, when it drastically cut the number of discharges due to personality disorders and diagnoses of post-traumatic stress disorders skyrocketed.

Unlike PTSD, which the Army regards as a treatable mental disability caused by the acute stresses of war, the military designation of a personality disorder can have devastating consequences for soldiers.

Defined as a “deeply ingrained maladaptive pattern of behavior,” a personality disorder is considered a “pre-existing condition” that relieves the military of its duty to pay for the person’s health care or combat-related disability pay.

According to figures provided by the Army, the service discharged about a 1,000 soldiers a year between 2005 and 2007 for having a personality disorder.

The Dominoes of Balochistan

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The Dominoes of Balochistan

By:  Peter Chamberlin

The day must come when sanity prevails in Balochistan, no matter which side proves to be acting in a rational manner.

Pakistan is in a very bad way.  By most standards of measurement, it is a failed state, or very close to it.  The emergencies generated by the latest natural disasters probably won’t cause forced relocations quite as enormous as those that have been generated by the Army’s many unwise military operations.

Pakistan is rapidly becoming a failed state because of the many military misadventures in the tribal regions.  The policy of providing military support to the Taliban (and potentially to “al Qaida”) has made Pakistan a pariah in the world community of nations.  The cost of that perception (whether it is true or not) can be measured in the failure of that world community to rush to Pakistan’s aid in this, her hour of greatest need.  It is uncertain whether this untypical response is because the world is ready to see Pakistanis suffer for the terrorism that they have helped spawn, or because of the fear that increased monetary aid will go to those terrorists.

Is it because of the Army, or perhaps in spite of the Army’s best efforts, that Pakistan may not survive as a state unless it fights a war against terrorism?  The United States has pushed Pakistan into a corner, forcing the Army to fight the terror war against the Pakistani people.  Even so, the government has been made to jump through hoops to acquire the equipment and the funds needed to fight the war.  As things now stand, the Army could not take and hold N. Waziristan, as the Americans demand, but it is in a good position for “pacifying” Balochistan, especially since the unruly province would not need pacification if the Army wasn’t constantly stirring things up there.

Balochistan is truly under a state of siege.  Bodies turn-up daily there, some of them are even beheaded (no doubt to implicate the government’s scapegoats, the “Islamists”).  With each case comes a new lame explanation from a government representative, attributing each political assassination to some dispute with locals, or some sort of feud between hostile clans.  (SEE:  The Unbelieveably Lame Army Excuse for Habib Jalib’s Assassination)  Explaining the wholesale slaughter of nationalist leaders in this accusatory, off-the-hand manner reveals a great deal about the murderers of all these Baloch leaders.  Showing a pattern of repetitive ridiculous government attempts to dismiss the cover-up and conspiracy charges as “sour grapes” made by “miscreants,” these contrived explanations provide strong circumstantial evidence that most of the guilty were Pakistani government agents or their hirelings.

This is the overriding pattern we see in the place of civil law in Pakistan.  The Army strong arms and terrorizes the people of Pakistan into accepting an alternative reality for everything that happen there, even if it happens before their own eyes.  Their eyes and ears clearly show them the reality of the constant murders and terrorist attacks, but outwardly they accept Army-mandated explanations for the attacks which obviously contradict the truth about what they have seen and heard.

The Pakistani people try to live normal lives as they go about under an umbrella “double-think,” whereby they maintain two realities within their own minds, while outwardly maintaining the roles that they all agree to play.  Like stoic little mind-slaves, they continue to trudge on with their lives, knowing that their silent acquiescence makes them collaborators, complicit with an overwhelming state which selectively kills their countrymen, in order to maintain national order.

This is an ugly fact of life in Balochistan, but it is also true for the other Tribal Regions and throughout Pakistan.   The barbarity and government terror hold sway over every mind in every corner of the “land of the pure.”  The solution for Balochistan must be a solution for all Pakistan.  The Army and the civilian agencies maintain order throughout Pakistan, especially in the tribal regions, through a sort of unspoken agreement between the government and the people.  Equilibrium between the chaos of revolution and state terror passes for “civil order” in Pakistan, as long as both sides continue to maintain a mental image of the reign of terror which awaits them, should they question the government’s often absurd explanations for terror.  Everyone knows that the Army is the hidden hand behind countless acts of terrorism, but very few people choose to reject official absurdity, out of fear for their lives and that of their families, should they publicly do so.

Fear for families seems to be the lynchpin that holds society together, binding them with invisible chains around the central absurdity.  The state maintains the delicate balance through real and implied threats to friends and family members.  Would-be heroes must consider the repercussions that family members could suffer, should they feel compelled to right the wrongs, or push the envelope of the conspiracy of silence.  It is not uncommon for family members to be arrested along with the offenders, where they all suffer the same abuse, from the same agencies’ hands.

This immoral, illegal policy is hinted at in stories that are sometimes found in the national news.  Rehman Malik has reportedly threatened to locate and harass family members of offenders living outside the country, for people responsible for insulting e-mails.  He had members of the Times Sq. bomber’s family picked-up.  The government has arrested and allegedly tortured the children of evil-doers, such as the son of radical radio preacher from Bara, Mufti Munir Shakir.   Mufti Shakir’s ten-year old son Abdullah claimed just that, telling reporters and supporters at a press conference about being tortured to force him to make incriminating statements about his father being tied to “al Qaida.”

The Army rules over the entire nation by maintaining a reign of terror.  In Balochistan, as in the other tribal war zones, the various factions of Army power are deployed against the most vocal resistance, threatening locals in order to keep them behind a curtain of silence.  Contrary to its carefully cultivated image, Pakistan hides its totalitarian tendencies behind a veil of feigned democracy.  The moderate leaders are being eliminated because they are the only Balochs with the credibility to draw the attention of the world to Balochistan.

The international illusion that Pakistan has a civilian government is a protective curtain, which hides the real “Iron Curtain” from prying foreign eyes.  To allow the curtain to drop would cut the economic lifeline of foreign aid which sustains the Army dictatorship.  Even a peek behind this curtain would blow the Army’s cover, turning truth and revelation into weapons far more dangerous to the Pak Army than anything hidden in India’s entire arsenal.

The truth about Pakistan is also the truth about the United States of America.  If the truth about the reality of Pakistan ever breaks free from the Iron Curtain behind which it hides, it will have a cascading effect—the dominoes will fall all the way to America.  Nothing done by Pakistan over the last thirty-odd years could have been possible without American aid and acquiescence.  The reign of terror which has resulted in the “Islamization” of Pakistan, indoctrinating the people with a false twisted version of Islam, has been key to all of America’s plans for a world empire.

What has been hidden can only be described as a carefully orchestrated plan to create a global “jihad,” using a well-trained army of militants to wage a crusade to force a militarized false religion upon captive populations.  The greatest arrow in the CIA’s quiver has proven to be the false religion constructed in the agency’s Frankenstein labs.  The “Islam” of America’s “Islamists” bears little likeness to the teachings of The Prophet.  Deobandi/Wahabbi “Islam” is not a religion, it is a psychological weapon of war.

Wherever this religion of war has been sown, or sold, the CIA program is instilled within the beliefs of the locals who have had this false religion forced upon them, especially within the minds of impressionable illiterate Muslim boys.  By killing all the real religious leaders and scholars, along with key tribal and local leaders and replacing them with the agency’s own men, the local people were made susceptible to the poison.  Taken with a large dose of American and Saudi dollars, it proved to be just the thing for what psychopathic American leaders had in mind.  America waged war against the people of Pakistan and Afghanistan using Pakistani militants as well as Pakistani military/intelligence personnel, in order to manufacture a false reality based solely upon lies and terror.

Everything seems to be going according to plan, except for one thing, American psycho-planners are coming up against unplanned resistance from the over-abused populations of these targeted nations.  The reasonable people of the world are growing weary of the unreasonable conundrum which confronts us all.  We are growing tired of the ruthless hard-headedness of America’s leaders who seem intent on taking the rest of the world down with us.

The world community is ready to resist further besides the ones that America has already foisted upon the world.  You can see this new trend in global thinking arising in world reluctance to help American ally Pakistan recover from nature’s onslaught.  The growing prevailing world opinion seems to be—Let America take care of Pakistan, since it has become “evil incarnate” for much of the free world.

The monsoon rains have multiplied the destruction and misery all over Pakistan.  Whenever Pakistan begins to recover from the flood devastation wrought by monsoon rains, the political crisis now brewing Balochistan will return to center stage.  When the water finally recedes and roads are cleared enough so that heavy equipment can once again move about there, the freeing-up of military hands will allow the deadly mischief to recommence.  Beginning just before Cyclone Phet struck the area, the Pak Army began reinforcing its positions throughout the key areas, allegedly blocking Balochs from reaching fresh water or fuel, according to Baloch sources.

Whatever international relief manages to reach the heavily damaged Baloch province, aid workers will also have to deal with the deprivation caused by previous military punitive measures in some areas.

The emergency relief which is required to preserve the state will require massive American and international assistance.  Saving lives and overcoming the effects of the flood and crop loss will require American air power and lift capability.  Whatever is done there cannot be just to preserve the situation which has been created in Afghanistan and Pakistan, but to create a better, more stable Pakistan.

There must be massive American investment in undoing what has been done there, but it must be done in a manner that stabilizes an independent Pakistani state, not an American vassal state.   The same holds true for rebuilding what America has done in Afghanistan and Iraq, as well.  Paying for our collective sins must become as important as repairing our banks and financial markets.  But none of this will happen until the American conscience is awakened.

American planners have their own missions in Balochistan that are far more advanced than the cobbled-together Pakistani plan.  The result of the offensives and counter-offensives is that the militaries and intelligence agencies of both countries are targeting Baloch leadership, one side seeking to move moderate nationalist leaders to take-up arms against the state, the other state working just as hard to eliminate those same moderate leaders before they become radicalized and join the insurgency.  Some say that the moderate leaders are being eliminated to eliminate the Balochs’ choice in the matter.  People will resist at some point, with no moderates to lead them responsibly, the violence is certain to escalate.

With both competing regimes of targeted killings going full-boil all the time, there will soon be no moderates left in Balochistan, at least no one left who is brave enough to open their mouths in public without first grabbing his trusty Kalashnikov.  Now, before that moment of ultimate silence announces the arrival of a full-blown dialogue of weapons in Balochistan, the moderates and anyone who has an ounce of common sense must muster the courage and the means to forge links that will bridge Balochistan, standing in reasonable opposition to those who are promoting war and further divisions.

The American military leadership, just like their Pakistani counterparts, seems to be content with the current situation in Balochistan.  Neither side appears to be ready to push hard on the other side, in order to settle the matter, at least not yet.  Both sides want the war to continue, in fact, both sides are relentless in their efforts to prevent the premature ending of their war.

In unison, the media and the leaders from both sides sing the same song, persuading all the people that survival demands that the war go on.  This mantra is repeated over and over, embedding its illogical claims deeply within the unthinking minds of  normal Pakistanis, as well as within the American sheep—“Pakistan cannot survive unless it fights another war against Pakistanis.”

The cold hard truth is that–Pakistan will NOT survive IF it does continue to fight this war.  That has been a major impetus for the war since the beginning.  The only thing that can overcome this existential threat to Pakistan’s survival is if politicians on either side learn to see beyond the foolish rhetoric and refuse to be frightened into another escalation.  The only way that Pakistan can survive the next war is to avoid getting embroiled in it.

Look at the facts about this truly “existential” war which will determine whether “Pakistan” exists at all, after this all plays-out—or especially if it is prevented from being playing-out.  The Pakistani people and the Army which represents and defends them stand on different sides of a vast river of distrust.  De-escalate the war and survive.

The truth is—There would be no war in Balochistan if the Army was not constantly stirring things up, just as there would be no war of terror if the United States was not constantly abusing Muslims all over the world for perceived gains.  Governments all over the world understand this—yet no one dares to question why we must manufacture conflict, and what is hoped to be gained in the process?  People are lined-up in the streets of Quetta demanding that the murder of their leaders stop now, and that these targeted killings be truly investigated by some authority.

The same thing is happening simultaneously in Tripoli, Lebanon.  In Lebanon, just like in Balochistan, the people hunger and thirst for justice in the murder of their president, Rafik Hariri.  When the truth is revealed in the end, it is likely that proof will be found connecting the instability in both countries to the same international gangsters.

Why have we never seen any size crowd demanding the heads of the masters of chaos theory who were behind the assassination of our own president, John Fitzgerald Kennedy?  Anyone remember him?  He was one of the first national leaders to be martyred by this international criminal cabal in an unbroken string of bombings and assassinations intended to create a global dictatorship, which has encircled the earth.  Synthetic chaos is the path to the planned “scientific dictatorship.”

Global resistance to that scientific dictatorship is growing faster than plans can progress.  We have a distinct advantage over our adversaries, in the explosive potential that our global movement represents, over the limitations which have built into their plans in the form of contracts that need to be signed, along with deadlines which have to be met, in order to complete their pipeline pipedreams, the key to everything that they have planned.

We don’t have to prove our charges against the growing dictatorship; we merely have to prove that our message is based on reasonable observations of prevailing trends and available evidence.  Over time, they will have no ground left to stand upon, as the evil of concerted government actions becomes more and more apparent as the “war of terror” is exposed for the quest for mega-profits that it has always been.

It is reassuring to know that most normal people find the image that I am painting here for you so repulsive that they cannot even open their minds to the possibility that this is the true state of our reality.

This natural human resistance to unpleasant or abhorrent information also represents a great barrier that must be overcome.  Our task must be to patiently work to overcome this barrier of unbelievability which covers the big lies which underwrite the entire American war.

The power of the people is an irresistible force, even if all that they are armed with is the plain truth.

peterchamberlin@naharnet.com

Hell or High Water, the Baloch Killings Continue

Six Labourers killed, 3 injured in Quetta Shootout

Six Labourers killed, 3 injured in Quetta Shootout »

The Baloch Hal News QUETTA: At least six labourers were shot dead and three others injured when gunmen opened fire at them in Khilji Abad Colony in thhe provicnial capital city on Saturday afternoon. According…

Ten Passengers Target Killed in Bolan

Ten Passengers Target Killed in Bolan »

The Baloch Hal News SIBI: Unidentified gunmen shot 10 passengers dead and injured another five on Saturday morning after intercepting the bus near ‘Aab-e-Gum’ area of district (Kachhi) Bolan. According to police sources, the gunmen…

August 15 2010 / No commentRead More »

Afghanistan says finds 1.8 billion barrel oilfield

Afghanistan says finds 1.8 billion barrel oilfield

By Sayed Salahuddin

KABUL | Sun Aug 15, 2010 4:51am EDT

(Reuters) – Afghanistan said on Sunday it had discovered an oilfield with an estimated 1.8 billion barrels in the north of the war-ravaged country, where U.S. and other foreign forces are trying to tame a Taliban-led insurgency.

The discovery of the basin between northern Balkh and Shiberghan provinces was made after a survey conducted by Afghan and international geologists, said Jawad Omar, a spokesman for the ministry of mines.

“I do not know its price in the market. But the initial survey says there are 1.8 billion barrels of oil and I think there will be more than what it is estimated,” he told Reuters.

Various estimates of Afghanistan’s hidden wealth have been made in recent years, but the challenge of exploiting the resources in a country at war and with little mining infrastructure is daunting for most investors.

Omar gave no more details on how the estimates were made but said the country will offer the reserves for development along with other minerals in the coming months.

Afghanistan hopes that untapped mineral deposits valued at $3 trillion could help reduce the need to rely on Western cash for bankrolling its impoverished economy and for its soldiers to maintain security when foreign troops draw down numbers.

But ravaged by three decades of foreign interventions and civil war, the central government now faces the Taliban insurgency and relies on foreign forces for control of many parts of the vast Central Asian country.

The U.S. Department of Defense estimated earlier this year that Afghanistan’s mineral resources could top $1 trillion, but experts say the fragile security situation could delay seeing the benefits of this wealth for years.

Omar said an earlier plan for the tender of a 1.6 billion barrel Afghan-Tajik oil block in early 2011 was still on track.

He said Afghanistan will retender by year-end a deposit of iron of 1.8 billion tonnes it had scrapped earlier this year due to the global recession and changes in the world markets.

The untapped mineral resources include iron ore, copper, lithium, oil gas and gems which Afghanistan hopes to put for developing in coming years despite rising insecurity in recent years, the bloodiest period since U.S.-led troops ousted the Taliban in 2001.

China’s top integrated copper producer, Jiangxi Copper Co and China Metallurgical Group Corp, in 2007 became the first major investor in Afghanistan.

They are involved in the exploration of the vast multi-billion dollar Aynak Copper Mine to the south of Kabul. Omar said the actual exploration of the mine will start after three years.

(Reporting by Sayed Salahuddin, editing by Andrew Hammond and Sanjeev Miglani)

Saad Hariri Points To Strategy of Chaos and Instability

Hariri: I Choose When to Speak; Chaos and Instability are Manmade Things

They Don’t Come Out of the Void

Many were expecting me to deliver a major political speech today and expectations were high; however, there is a lot to be said, but I choose when to speak up and no one can impose the timing, Prime Minister Saad Hariri said Saturday at an Iftar he hosted in Qureitem.

“All things that concern the country also concern me at the personal level: first because I am the son of martyr premier Rafik Hariri, and second because I am the head of all of Lebanon’s government. Especially that we saw martyrs falling in the South during the past days and several developments happened concerning the Special Tribunal for Lebanon, but everything will be said at the appropriate time,” Hariri added.

“Saad Hariri and all the Lebanese want the truth and nothing more than that, and we also want stability and to know who assassinated my father and the rest of martyrs.

“Chaos and instability are manmade things and they don’t come out of the void, and we as officials in this country can face the vilest of attacks, whether from Israel or other sources, if we act wisely among each other,” Hariri addressed the audience.

The premier highlighted the fact that he had abstained from making statements “throughout the last period.”

“I will continue like that because I want calm, because through calm we can talk to and hear each other, but through screaming, no one would be able to hear the other. We want to calmly discuss everything we approach in this country,” Hariri added.