[SEE: Obama and the Intelligence Cabal ]
Bypassing the National Missile Defence System
|by Dr Carlo Kopp, SMAIAA, MIEEE, PEng
First published in Asia Pacific Defence Reporter, 2005
Revised, expanded and updated, July 2007
Text, Line Art © 2005, 2007 Carlo Kopp
Raduga Kh-55SM Kent with conformal fuel tanks. China illegally acquired samples from the Ukraine to permit the development of a cloned variant for the PLA. This weapon is also a candidate for new production Badgers (RuMOD).
A series of media reports in June last year centred on the issue of the DPRK acquiring cruise missile technology from Russia via Iran. The Japanese daily Sankei Shimbun, claiming ruling party and government agency sources, alleged that Iran had supplied the Kh-55 / AS-15 Kent to the DPRK for the purpose of reverse engineering. The Sankei Shimbun quoted a Defence Ministry source claiming ‘They [Iran and DPRK] are linked by a network beneath the surface regarding the development of weapons of mass destruction.’
The sorry saga of the proliferation of the Soviet era Kh-55 missile is a case study in how the post Soviet apparatus of state in former Soviet republics has been unable to contain leakages of sensitive technologies.
Rumours that China and Iran had acquired examples of the Kh-55SM missile from the Ukraine had been circulating for some years, but without any robust data to validate these claims. This all changed with the Orange Revolution in the Ukraine and the collapse of the regime of pro-Russian president Leonid Kuchma, earlier accused of selling long range ESM systems to Saddam Hussein prior to Operation Iraqi Freedom.
Hrihory Omelchenko, deputy chairman of the parliamentary committee on organised crime and corruption, sent an open letter this January to the new Ukrainian president Viktor Yushchenko, in which he reported that government officials loyal to the former regime had actively obstructed investigations into the illegal export of the Kh-55SM missile to China and Iran.
The affair occupied considerable bandwidth in the Ukrainian and Russian media earlier this year. According to multiple sources, the illegal transaction was initiated in 2000, when two Russians, O.H. Orlov and E.V. Shelenko, both associated with the Progress export company, produced a false Rosvooruzheniye arms export agency contract document for the supply of twenty Kh-55SM missiles. This contract was provided to UkrSpetzExport, a Ukrainian equipment exporter. The two Russians were aided by the head of the Ukrainian Ukrazviazakaz company, Vladimir Evdokimov, a reservist in Ukrainian intelligence.
Omelchenko’s letter claimed ‘These cruise missiles were hidden on military depots of the Ukrainian Defense Ministry under the control of [the Defense Ministry] and under documentation signed by senior officials of the ministry, saying they were in fact designated as destroyed.’
A chain of front companies was used to cover the transaction, with six Kh-55SM missiles claimed to have been flown to China in April, 2000, and another six to Iran in June 2001. The deal included a KNO-120 ground support system for testing, initialising and programming the missiles. The destination of the remaining eight rounds was not disclosed. Iran is alleged to have paid US$49.5 million for the missiles, with Orlov and Shelenko earning US$600,000 for their efforts. Russian and Ukrainian media also allege that an Australian national was part of the transaction.
This transaction comes as no surprise to analysts familiar with contemporary Russian arms exports. US based analyst Dr Alexander Nemets disclosed some years ago that China was operating two parallel campaigns to acquire Russian weapons technology. One involved legal acquisitions via Rosoboronexport (formerly Rosvooruzheniye), the other not so legal acquisitions via the black market.
Iran’s connections with the DPRK are also widely documented, and the export of DPRK ballistic missile technology to Iran provided a technological foundation for Iran’s developing IRBM manufacturing infrastructure. Iran invested considerable effort in circumventing Western embargoes on exporting military technology, especially to maintain the large inventory of US aircraft and other equipment supplied during the reign of the Pahlavi regime.
The significance of the Soviet era Kh-55SM should not be underestimated. This is the most capable strategic cruise missile in service globally, other than the US AGM-86B ALCM and BGM-109B Tomahawk. It is the backbone of the Russian air launched nuclear deterrent, equipping the Tu-95MS Bear H and Tu-160 Blackjack A bombers.
MKU-5-6 rotary launcher (RuMoD).
Tupolev Tu-160 Blackjack A launching a Kh-55SM (RuMoD).
Tupolev Tu-95MS Bear H ‘raketonosets’ cruise missile carrier (US DoD).
The Design and Capabilities of the Kh-55 Kent
The Kh-55 family of cruise missiles owes its origins to a series of internal studies at the Raduga OKB during the early 1970s. Raduga were unsuccessful initially in convincing the Soviet leadership of the value of their concept, but this changed as public knowledge of the US Air Launched Cruise Missile program became better known in the Soviet Union.
Russian sources claim that Raduga’s early work on these weapons was opposed by many Russian experts who were deeply sceptical of the viability of such a complex new weapon.
The Kh-55 family of weapons most closely resemble the early US BGM-109 Tomahawk in concept, using a cylindrical fuselage with pop out planar wings, unfolding tail control surfaces, and a ventral turbofan engine, with guidance provided by a TERrain COntour Matching (TERCOM) aided inertial navigation system.
The most visible difference between the Tomahawk and Kh-55 families of missiles is the engine installation. The Tomahawk’s Williams F107-WR100 engine is embedded in the tail and uses a ventral inlet duct and tailcone exhaust. The Kh-55′s Omsk AMKB TVD-50 two spool turbofan is mounted in a nacelle which is stowed in the aft fuselage and deploys via a ventral door on a pylon after launch.
The TVD-50 is a critical piece of technology in the Kh-55 as it is a compact and fuel efficient turbofan in the thrust and size class required to power cruise missiles, standoff missiles and UAVs. The cited thrust rating is 400 to 500 kp (880 to 1,000 lbf), with a dry mass of 95 kg (210 lb), a Specific Fuel Consumption of 0.65, a length of 0.85 m (33.5 in) and diameter of 0.33 m (13 in).
The Tomahawk uses a four surface tail control assembly with anhedral on the stabilators, whereas the Kh-55 uses only three larger surfaces, with more pronounced anhedral. The largely symmetrical aft fuselage of the Tomahawk differs from the more pronounced sculpting of the Kh-55 aft fuselage.
The cylindrical fuselage configuration is essentially the same for both designs. The Tomahawk has a 21 in diameter, the Kh-55 a 20.5 in diameter, the Tomahawk weighed 2,700 lb at launch, the Kh-55 2,870 lb. The later blocks of the Tomahawk have a chined ‘Beluga’ nose to reduce radar signature, the Kh-55 retains an ogival/spherical nose.
The baseline guidance package on both missiles is designed around a digital computer running Kalman filter and TERCOM software, with an onboard memory storing a digital map, coupled to a radar altimeter for terrain profiling and a low drift inertial unit. Tomahawks later acquired an optical Digital Scene Matching Area Correlator and GPS – the Soviet had DSMAC technology but it has never been disclosed whether this was added to the Kh-55 series. The cited designation for the Kh-55 guidance package is the Sprut and BSU-55.
Like the Tomahawk, the Kh-55 spawned a range of derivatives, unlike the Tomahawk the Kh-55 became the dominant air launched weapon. The first generation of Kh-55s appeared in three configurations, entering service in 1984. The ‘Izdeliye 120′ Kh-55 / AS-15A was air launched from the Tu-95MS using a MKU-6-5 rotary launcher and external pylons, the RKV-500A / SS-N-21 Sampson was tube launched from the Type 671 Victor, Type 945 Sierra and Type 971 Akula submarines, and the RK-55 / SSC-X-4 Slingshot tube launched from a MAZ-543M (MAZ-7310) 8×8 TEL, carrying six rounds.
The air launched Kh-55 was followed by the improved ‘Izdeliye 124′ Kh-55OK, which was supplanted in production by the most capable ‘Izdeliye 125′ Kh-55SM / AS-15B subtype in 1987.
The aim of the Kh-55SM design was to further extend the striking range of the basic missile, cited at 1,350 NMI (2,500 km). This was achieved by adding a pair of conformal fuselage fuel tanks, which increased launch weight to 3,750 lb (1,700 kg), but increased cruise range to 1,620 NMI (3,000 km) with a 200 kT warhead fitted. The naval variant of the Kh-55SM was designated the RKV-500B.
A conventional derivative of the Kh-55, designated the Kh-555, was recently announced. A lightweight shorter ranging derivative weapon, the Kh-65, has been actively marketed since the 1990s.
For all intents and purposes, the late model Kh-55SM is a heavier and longer ranging equivalent to the BGM-109B Tomahawk, with performance closest to the AGM-86B ALCM.
The Proliferation Problem
The Kh-55SM is an attractive target for reverse engineering, as the design is implemented suing 1970s Soviet technology. As such the electronics in the guidance system can be readily reversed engineered using commercial components, and the structure and engine use commodity materials technologies.
While many nations have the engineering capability to design an airframe in the class of the Kh-55 and Tomahawk, developing and integrating the guidance package and engine is much more demanding.
The low density electronics technology in the Kh-55SM is a case in point. Built using first generation Soviet embedded computers, the hardware is simple enough to copy directly and the software, coded in assembly language as was customary during that period, could be downloaded with no difficulty. Publicly available software tools such as reverse assemblers could be adapted with little effort to reconstitute the original source code for the missile navigation and guidance package, and ground support equipment. Unlike contemporary US weapons which use complex anti-tamper techniques in the software and integrated hardware, the Kh-55 predates this model by a generation.
Once the party performing the reverse engineering has reconstituted the original software, and cloned the original hardware, the reverse engineered Kh-55 can be launched on its own evolutionary path as a derivative design. This means additional navigation sensors to feed the Kalman filter, and a range of possible improvements to the missile’s trajectory and navigation algorithms. In Third World economies with low labour costs, series production costs are not the issue they are in the developed world.
The only components in the design which could present difficulties for a new player are the engine turbine and combustors, which require some skill in metallurgical techniques to achieve viable durability in a four hour flight profile.
There is little doubt that China has the capability to wholly reverse engineer the Kh-55SM. Some Western analysts have argued that China’s acquisition of these weapons makes no sense, as China is designing its own Tomahawk class weapons. This is not a robust argument for several reasons. The first is that China has in recent decades nearly always run parallel development programs, using wholly indigenous and licenced or reverse engineered foreign technology. More than often the foreign design has displaced the indigenous design.
The second reason is because the integration and testing of cruise missiles is very expensive, and remains so globally, due to the complexity of such weapons. While an indigenous design may have working components, the system may not function adequately as a whole. Reverse engineering the internals of the Kh-55, or parts thereof, makes for a viable shortcut to save time and money.
The third reason is the simple expedient of time to production. Any indigenous weapon will require many years of cyclic design evolution and flight testing to achieve credible reliability for operational use. Cloning a bulletproof and proven foreign design avoids this pain.
Photographs of Pakistan’s new Babur cruise missile, recently revealed, bear considerable similarity to the baseline Kh-55. We should not be surprised to learn at a future date that it is a licenced variant of a Chinese clone of the Kh-55. Pakistan’s licence manufacture of other evolved but earlier cloned Russian hardware, such as MANPADS, supplied via China, makes for a good precedent.
To date indigenous Chinese cruise missiles have not matched the range performance of the Kh-55 series, this itself being a good incentive to reverse engineer the Russian design.
Iran’s capacity to indigenously reverse engineer the Kh-55 is open to question. To date much of Iran’s experience has been confined to component reverse engineering, rather than complete systems engineering. The Shahab 3 series are licenced DPRK designed No Dongs, similar to the Pakistani Ghauri II design. There is a large gap between reverse engineering individual components, or licence assembling proven designs, in comparison with tearing down a design and re-engineering it from the ground up.
The same could not be said for the DPRK, which has proven quite competent at evolving Russian IRBM designs, and designing and manufacturing often complex guidance and propulsion components.
The Sankei Shimbun claims by Japanese sources should thus be taken seriously. Given the well documented earlier collaboration between Iran and the DPRK on IRBM development and production, an analogous play using reverse engineered Kh-55s is entirely credible. Iran has oil derived funds and the DPRK has integration expertise. Neither of the these nations has good access to alternative sources.
3M14E Sizzler SLCM (Novator)
Undesignated PLA cruise missile, possibly a DH-10 prototype.
Launch of a ‘Tomahawk-like’ PLA-N cruise missile, believed to be the YJ-62.
The Strategic Perspective
Until recently Iran, the DPRK and China have relied primarily on ballistic missile technology to provide strategic striking power, with the former two yet to have the capability to produce compact nuclear warheads suitable for such applications.
The emerging US National Missile Defence system, and parallel effort to develop theatre missile defence capabilities, will blunt if not nullify any offensive advantage offered by ballistic weapons.
While ballistic weapons offer short flight times, they achieve this at the expense of easy detection at launch via boost phase heat emissions, and easy detection in midcourse and terminal flight, due to the radar signature of the warheads and ionisation trails during re-entry. As a result ballistic weapons provide little if any surprise effect in combat. As the US effort in BMD capabilities matures, smaller users of ballistic missiles will be confronted with the reality that most if not all of their missiles will be intercepted if launched, and any launches will be detected within seconds by early warning satellites, inviting immediate nuclear retaliation.
Cruise missiles present a viable means of bypassing the US NMD and TMD systems, once deployed. With very low heat and radar signatures, cruise missile launches are difficult to detect, and the weapons remain difficult to detect and track throughout their low flying cruise profiles. Unless an Airborne Early Warning & Control asset is on station, the missiles may elude detection until they hit their targets.
The idea of using cruise missiles to bypass the NMD program is hardly new. In 2002 Russian analyst Alexander Mozgovoi, writing for Rosvooruzheniye house journal Military Parade, argued this case persuasively: ‘Low-visibility and low-flying cruise missiles can foil the U.S. efforts to develop the NMD’.
Another consideration is the cost of maintaining a warstock, and the capacity to deploy it covertly. Ballistic missiles are expensive in terms of exotic materials, propellants and component technologies designed to operate in a high vibration, rapid temperature change, high G environment. Cruise missiles can be built using 1970s aircraft technology. The size of IRBMs limits the number which can be carried to a single round on a TEL, and a large one at that. A single TEL can deploy four to six cruise missiles each of similar range and throw weight to the single IRBM carried by an equivalent TEL.
Cruise missiles are easily adapted for air launch, ship launch and submarine launch environments, the latter including torpedo tubes, vertical launch tubes, and slanted launch tubes.
There can be little doubt that cruise missiles will become the weapon of choice for nations intent on challenging US global power.
Tupolev Tu-95MS Bear H (US DoD).
Imagery Sources: US DoD, RuMoD, Author, PLA-N
Line Artwork: © 2005, 2007 Carlo Kopp
Technical Report APA-TR-2007-0708
[This is the science behind the Pentagon's loyalty assessing program, now in use on Afghan policemen. It is surely used to recondition American soldiers who have developed behavioral problems such as PTSD while in the terror war, as well.]
Today Psycho-Sounding is the most precise tool for analyzing human psychological activity. Traditional observation methods used for mind research are lacking in efficiency mainly due to the fact that in the chain between the researcher and a subject’s memory is the mind of the researcher, which inevitably affects or colors the results.
Deliberate falsification, unintended modification of the results or even complete rejection of the examination accompany virtually all the techniques - except for the procedures carried out in a specifically altered conscious state. This deficiency, unfortunately, is inherent even in current methods. Thanks to the appearance of objective means of psychological activity measurement, researchers can now have an instrument whose accuracy improves constantly.
Everything began in 1926, when A.R.Luria, a Russian scientist, commenced studying the unconscious reactions of the criminals when replying to the questions and simultaneously pressing the special pneumatic rubber bulb. The person under the test subject was not able to completely to control the time and character of his pressing, which made it possible to draw certain conclusions. By the way, this is the very principle on which the polygraph operation is based.
Several decades later, when computers arrived, Dr. Igor Smirnov raised psychological research technology to a new level of quality. Psycho-Sounding makes it possible to overcome the primary “censor” of human mind - its psychological protection mechanisms, which ‘turn on’ each time a person consciously responds to researchers’ questions. This is similar to a situation where a doctor examines the patient with an acute abdominal pain (so-called acute abdomen). In such cases palpation of the abdominal wall may provide information about the wall’s condition only, not about the condition of internal organs, because at this time, due to the pain inside it, a specific protection from external influence is operative. The same takes place in human mind.
Psycho-Sounding makes it possible to use unconscious reactions and stimuli for psychosemantic studies. How can this be accomplished more efficiently? We will tell you..
Psychocorrection, as you might have read on the main page, means controlling human condition and behaviour. We have developed the following methods of psychocorrection:
- acoustical and audiopsychocorrection – coded words and whole phrases are put into an audio stream to be listened by the patient;
- videopsychocorrection – coded images, subject images and words are put into a video stream to be watched by the patient;
- intensive psychocorrection – carried out in a condition of altered conscious, where the desired result can be reached by using both images and words, including uncoded ones.
From the above list, audiopsychocorrection is the most available and convenient method – it is used not only for therapeutic purposes but also for psychological prophylactic, de-stressing and relaxation.
The essence of all these methods consists in influencing the unconscious through semantic stimuli – images, words and key signs. We have already mentioned that the human unconscious can be addressed using common language, which is, however, coded in a specific way. Here, we are talking not about a language or dialect that the person speaks, but the language used by the person inside him- or her self, which is not known and not understandable for anyone even for the closest people. As everyone knows: the same word pronounced with different intonations or in different contexts has very different meanings. Orders, even in conditions of totalitarianism, military service or a sect, are interpreted differently by different people. Therefore, the fundamental principle consists in which words are selected for composing the ‘plot of suggestion’, the direction or guidance administered, and how they are pronounced. However, it sometimes happens that suddenly some verbal formula fits, like a key, virtually to any person. On the basis of these universal psychocorrecting plots were composed audiocassettes and disks, which we offer for sale.
So, for the message to be “received” and functional, it is necessary, first of all, to carry out a detailed analysis of the individual. If the technology is engaged at random, the patient’s situation can be made irreversibly worse and, at the same time, the method itself can be discredited.
In unconscious psychocorrection, no prohibited commands or suggestions are used. It is essential to find the word (or image) that will destroy pathological complexes in mind and unhealthy behavior motivations. It is extremely complex. It requires not only knowledge but also inspiration and, if you wish, talent. The ‘plot of suggestion’ composed from the words and images found in the analytical phase of treatment should be, firstly, brief, and secondly, should contain maximum information value, and, thirdly, should cause a chain of sophisticated associations. Most important, it should agree with the patient’s innermost and deeply held principles.
First, the specialist determines those areas of mind that can be influenced with maximum efficiency. Then, the specialist forms the idea of influence, and after that the most difficult step – the specialist has to state the idea within 4-7 seconds using those specific symbols, which are close and understandable to the unconscious of the particular patient. For further information about each method of psycocorrection please refer to the other pages of this section.
Chairman of the Investigative Committee at the Prosecutor Alexander Bastrykin said Tuesday that his department staff know the name of singer murder human rights activist Estemirova, which occurred in July last year. The public name was not called, but notes that this man is alive and in Russia.
Statement on the investigation into the murder of human rights activist Estemirova made by the chairman of the Investigative Committee of the Prosecutor (CSP), the Russian Federation Alexander Bastrykin at a meeting with a delegation from the international organization “Committee to Protect Journalists.
“We are convinced of his guilt, it is supported by objective evidence”
“CSP jointly with the Interior Ministry made considerable progress on this criminal case. Known artist, we know his name. We are convinced of his guilt, it is supported by objective evidence, - Quoted him as saying , RIA Novosti .Russia’s chief investigator said that his officers had information that the killer is alive and in one of the regions of Russia. His whereabouts are known, the search is conducted singer murder. ”I hope soon we make the arrest, - Added the chairman of the UPC.
Recall that the killer Estemirova human rights defender “is defined and precise set, July 15, 2010, the anniversary of her death,declared himself president of Russia Dmitry Medvedev. He stressed that the “investigation is underway.” ”In such cases, is never fast results, if not grabbed by the arm, - Medvedev said, adding that now conducts investigations aimed “to establish not only a performer who is already wanted by police, but also the customer of this heinous crime.”
Sources in the police’s Southern Federal District in February this year declared that the killer Estemirova known, but then the official confirmation of the information is not forthcoming.According to the newspaper VIEW, well-known Chechen human rights activist Estemirova was killed on July 15 last year.
Criminals attacked a woman in the morning, as soon as she left the house. Estemirova planted in a white VAZ-2107 and taken to an unknown destination. A few hours later her body with multiple gunshot wounds found 100 meters from the federal highway “Kavkaz”, near the village of Gazi-Yurt in the Nazran district of Ingushetia.
Ingush prosecutor’s office into the killing was a criminal case under Art. 105 and 222 of the Criminal Code (“Murder” and “Illicit trafficking in weapons and ammunition”). In this case, and joined what was brought into the abduction of Estemirova: by subsections “a”, “in” Part 2 of Art.126 of the Criminal Code.
Law enforcement agencies consider four versions of the murder Estemirova: the first is related to its social activities, on which insisted colleagues killed. The second - This is a provocation leading gangs to discredit the leadership of both of the Federation (Chechnya and Ingushetia) and law enforcement agencies.”Version number three - A robbery and robbery. The woman got on the international line, grants, foreign currency funds for the execution of certain orders, - Said former Deputy Interior Minister Arkady Yedelev.
And in fourth place was a home version that the Human Rights Center “Memorial”, the employee who was Estemirova considered absurd.
WRITTEN BY DMITRY BABICH
No other book in Russia’s post-Soviet history spurred as much controversy as the “Russian History from 1917 to 2009” textbook by Alexander Barsenkov and Alexander Vdovin. This textbook, meant for the students of the country’s best higher education institution – the Lomonosov Moscow State University– was accused of anti-Semitism and practically banned. This was done by members of the Public Chamber – that very same consulting-inspective establishment that was founded during Vladimir Putin’s first term as president and is often accused of being “toothless.”
During a meeting of the Public Chamber’s Commission on Interethnic Relations in early September, the Dean of the university’s History Department Sergey Karpov denied having anything to do with the textbook and assured that the book “has a print-run of 2,000 copies and has been pushed to the sidelines of our field of education.” Soon after the Public Chamber commission’s meeting, the academic board of the history faculty gave the textbook a red light, acknowledging that “the text of the manual contains factual material of questionable authenticity.”
So what exactly offended the Public Chamber so much? Barsenkov’s and Vdovin’s textbook is characterized by a fundamentally new, ethnically-colored view of Russia in the 20th century. Russians are used to a black-and-white assessment of the Soviet period: we are either convinced that almost everything in this period was terrible and we should reject this heritage (the so-called liberal stance), or we are told that in the Soviet Union everything was great besides some minor shortcomings, and thus the Soviet Union or some of its elements should be reestablished in their previous form (the position of the communists and their allies). Both sides brandish a well-known collection of facts, statistics and quotes.
In this case, the authors cite a myriad of horrifying, monstrously cruel acts of the Soviet regime, both notorious and new…and pass almost no moral judgment. And then they establish how many of the victims of these crimes were Jews, Russians, Ukrainians, etc. But most often primarily Jews – Barsenkov and Vdovin carefully examine their share among the repressed, the honored, the appointed and the dismissed. And every time it turns out that too few Jews were repressed (percentage-wise), too few were fired and many where left in places they already occupied. Many more Russians were repressed and discharged.
The fact that Russians were the most often killed, imprisoned, fired and debased is true. Having chosen the Russian people to be its main weapon, the Bolshevist regime treated this “guard” like cattle, obviously counting on the humble obedience and passivity of those whom the leader of this regime, Joseph Dzhugashvili (Stalin), called “the most outstanding nation of all the nations that make up the Soviet Union.” The authors never tire of citing the toast to the “leader” made at a reception on May 24, 1945, as the highest appraisal of the Russian nation. But against the backdrop of the facts that the authors supply in the textbook (3.778 million repressed on political charges with documentation, of them 786,000 sentenced to execution, the “Godless five-year plans,” the destruction of churches and other elements of old Russian culture), this toast sounds like obvious mockery. However, the authors for some reason fail to derive this conclusion from their own text.
The danger of the textbook lies in the fact that next to the questionable percentages of Jews and Russians victimized in Stalin’s crimes, there are credible facts. In this sense, Barsenkov’s and Vdovin’s textbook is a mirror reflection of today’s society. The facts are no longer banned, they are available in a number of books and articles and it is possible to see the originals of many documents in the archives. But the moral compass is off and there is no longer the ability to evaluate these facts humanely.
For example, the authors describe the anti-cosmopolitan campaign that was underway in the Soviet Union in the late 1940s. They talk about the destruction of works by Soviet geneticists, about how the physicists Lev Landau, Yakov Zeldovich, Yuliy Khariton almost ended up stabbed in the back. They write that a collection of articles aimed against them and titled “Against Idealism in Contemporary Physics” was ready for dissemination. At that time, the Soviet atomic bomb didn’t exist. So from a patriotic and a human point of view, the authors should have been outraged by this campaign. But the authors write: “The campaign against cosmopolitanism was directed not only against the United States’ aspirations to global hegemony under new slogans, but also against new projects that arose there, aimed at destroying Soviet patriotism and at replacing it with ‘universal values.’ In the Soviet Union this was viewed as the creation of a united front against the Soviet Union and the countries of the new democracy, as preparation for war.” So thus it turns out that the campaign against cosmopolitanism wasn’t so bad. And the mighty chief of Stalin’s special services Lavrenty Beria shouldn’t have saved the Jewish physicists from death. The only justification for what he did is: without these Jews, the Soviet Union wouldn’t have had an atomic bomb.
So how does a moral compass veer off? Not in a Soviet manner, but in the spirit of the new post-Soviet era, based on the “us and them” principle. The authors refuse to approach any one of the Soviet regime’s crimes from the “perspective of the humankind” which was widespread in the late Soviet Union. When evaluating any crime, Barsenkov and Vdovin first look at what “ethnicity” was victimized. Not ours? Fine. And they readily repeat the low tricks of Stalin’s press without the necessary commentary. Here is the tale of the massacre of the Jewish Antifascist Committee in the late 1940s to the early 1950s:
“The persecution of the committee went into an active stage with the death (January 1948) of its leader Solomon Mikhoels, who was suspected of trying to use Stalin’s daughter Svetlana and her husband Grigory Morozov for the selfish interests of the Jews…Mikhoels was exposed as a ‘Jewish nationalist’ and a disseminator of ‘libelous opinions about the members of the government.’ The decision was taken to terminate the activities of the committee in September of 1948 after Israeli envoy Golda Meerson (Meir)’s visit to Moscow. This happened after a number of meetings that were arranged for the envoy of the newly formed state of Israel. The willingness of many Soviet Jews to move to their historic homeland or to join Israel in its war against the Arabs was especially suspicious. All this was viewed as betrayal of the socialist Fatherland. Stalin also didn’t like the friendship that Meir established with the wife of Vyacheslav Molotov, Polina Zhemchuzhina.”
And now, let’s lay out all of the above in terms of “so-called universal human values.” The great actor Solomon Mikhoels was murdered by the Chekists – they had him “accidentally” run over by a truck. And then they accused the dead man of fighting for the “selfish interests of the Jews.” Along the way they ruined the life of Stalin’s daughter by arresting her husband. Those same special services eavesdropped on the Israeli envoy’s conversations with “free” Soviet citizens. They listened in and then reported back to Stalin. The latter, based on this information, didn’t hesitate to send the wife of his closest ally Vyacheslav Molotov, who for more than ten years headed the Soviet Union’s government, to a concentration camp. This was the official version of the story in Russia starting with Mikhail Gorbachev’s time. But Barsenkov and Vdovin are looking for “a new approach.”
The authors have a signature trick – they summarize any horrific episode (often with no commentary at all) with a quote from Stalin or Molotov, and the unsuspecting reader perceives the phrase as something of an “original truth.” At the same time, for some reason the authors prefer to use the vocabulary of the repressions’ actual organizers. The chapter about the pre-war repressions is called “Dealing blows to the potential of the fifth column.” Just a reminder – the “fifth column” was a term used by the Spanish dictator Francisco Franco for his agents in Madrid, which his army entered in four columns. Alongside the story of the “column’s” fate, Molotov thus justifies repression against the aviation engineer Andrey Tupolev (arrested in 1937, but soon set free) and other victims of pre-war cleansing: “They didn’t support us…An open enemy is easy to understand. But cases like Tupolev’s are more complicated. He’s from that breed of the intelligentsia, which the Soviet state really needs, but who deep down inside are against it. And, even with the intelligentsia’s personal connections, they performed dangerous and corrupting work – and even if they didn’t, that was their goal.”
“Molotov was right in his own way,” the authors conclude. What do they mean by “in his own way?” An attempt to control not just a person’s outward behavior, but also the contents of their soul is not just a violation of the person’s rights; it is an attack on God’s prerogative. In the Bible, such plans were ascribed to the Devil. Molotov set a similar task for himself, and, in a way, he completed it. And, according to the authors, he was right — in his own way.
The new textbook has also acquired a following. A number of “patriotic” fiction writers and other cultural figures have intervened on Barsenkov’s and Vdovin’s behalf. But the head of the Public Chamber’s Commission on Interethnic Relations and the Freedom of Conscience Nikolay Svanidze immediately announced at the commission’s meeting that he has no intention of turning the ethnicity issue into a subject for discussion. According to him, the issue at stake is the guilt of two professors – the authors of the textbook, and not their viewpoints. This approach spurred a wave of discontent in the blogosphere and among some social groups. Svanidze was accused of trying to counter nationalism with “Stalin’s methods.”
Meanwhile, why not discuss the authors’ viewpoints? An “ethnically colored” history textbook was bound to appear at some point, and it is now clear which direction this school of historiography will take if it is allowed to prosper. The gigantic amount of work the authors did to find “ethnically colored” statements (which they seem to agree with) makes their textbook look like a true anthology of the most evil and stupidest words ever spoken or written on the one sixth of the earth’s dry land that the Soviet Union was proud to occupy. If Barsenkov and Vdovin hoped to glorify Russia and Russians with their book, then I am afraid it is going to have the opposite effect. If this is Russia’s history, then it is the most ruthless and negative history, far outstripping the books by Richard Pipes and Zbigniew Bzhezinsky, who are notorious for their “love” of Russia. By quoting statements regarding the “nationalities question” without condemning them, the authors disclose that exact aspect of the Soviet period that has nothing to do with accomplishments, but with baseness and idiocy.
Here Stalin deals with the issue of linguistics. Academician Viktor Vinogradov, who is helping him, discovers a mistake in the text prepared for publication in the Pravda newspaper: instead of the “Kursk-Moscow dialect,” Stalin wrote “Kursko-Oryol,” after the Battle of Kursk known in Russian as Kursk-Oryol Arc – an operation in World War II in which the Soviet forces deterred the German’s attempt to counterattack in 1943. Vinogradov suggests Stalin’s aide Alexander Poskrebyshev correct the mistake, but the latter roughly replies: “If Comrade Stalin wrote about the Kursk-Oryol dialect, then this is where the Russian language will now take its root.”
The authors of the textbook expose Stalin most profoundly when they try to applaud him. Here’s a quote from Stalin’s official speech, which Barsenkov and Vdovin went to the trouble of quoting twice in the book: “The last Soviet citizen, free of the chains of capital, stands a head taller than any foreign high-placed bureaucrat, who bears the burden of capitalist slavery on his shoulders.”
It is now clear where this old Soviet joke comes from: “How is a Soviet dwarf different from an American dwarf? The Soviet one is always a head taller.” Such attempts to compare heights with the Americans naturally bear no relation to true patriotism. But they help to trace the roots of our society’s nationalistic drift. This drift manifested itself back in the years of Leonid Brezhnev’s rule, but its roots date back to the 1940s, to the half-forgotten statements of that era, which the authors dug up in their original form.
The Public Chamber’s meeting chaired by Svanidze called for decisive action. To pay attention, to take note, to implement measures…But Svanidze himself reasonably noted that it is too late to educate Barsenkov and Vdovin – two professors with a Ph.D. in history. In their case, the disease has progressed too far. But to give the young immunity from it is a task that cannot be achieved with injunctions.
[Whoever is writing this stuff for the Pope is trying to scare the West into taking drastic military action in Central Asia. Claims about "al Qaida" and "Chechens" involved in the local conflict are pure B.S. The attempt to scare Western audiences that American inaction will increase terrorism ignores the historical record which confirms that US terror war policy multiplies terrorism wherever it is followed. It causes the radicalization of locals and motivates individuals to commit their own terror attacks in defense of terror war victims. SEE: Faisal Shahzad: Who is the terror suspect behind the Times Square car bomb?]
Widespread dissatisfaction, especially in remote regions, favours alignment of local groups with radical Muslims. In Rasht Valley, rebels attack government troops. World powers vie for influence in the Central Asian nation, but another civil war looms on the horizon.
Dushanbe (AsiaNews/Agencies) – The army’s defeat by rebels in the Rasht Valley on 19 September has laid bare Tajikistan’s fragility and the weakness of its president. Above all, it has shaken public confidence in the government and its policies. This raises questions about US and NATO strategy of establishing partnerships in the region and stabilising the situation in Afghanistan.
Official sources report that on 19 September a Tajik military column was attacked in the Komarob Gorge, Rasht Valley. Some 28 soldiers were killed and another 25 were injured. The attackers were led by Alovuddin Davlatov (aka Ali Bedak), a former field commander during the civil war of the nineties, and included Islamic radicals and local clans marginalised by the government in recent years.
Such a union is very dangerous because these groups are in control of a large area of the Rasht Valley, and have significant following in the local population. Since the end of the civil war in 1997, the valley has largely been a no-go area for the government and a transit route for narcotics.
Stung by the attack, the army mounted a counteroffensive on 22-24 September, claiming eight dead among the rebels.
For a long time, the Rasht Valley has been a safe haven for anti-government forces. However, in May 2009, the army moved into the area (with perhaps 2,000 troops) and since then clashes have followed on a regular basis with dozens of dead and arrests, including Ali Bedak’s brother, a prominent leader in the opposition Islamic Renaissance Party of Tajikistan.
Now, civil war veterans who refused to accept the 1997 peace agreement are tempted to join local leaders, al-Qaeda-connected radical Islamists and Chechen rebels against the government.
An escalation of the armed conflict is a major threat to the army, which might not be able to control the situation, the more so considering that the government of President Rahmon must cope with a worsening economic crisis and a growing number of hungry people as well as accusations that it is excessively authoritarian. All this encourages the development of a radical Muslim opposition.
The country’s international position does not help either since it borders Afghanistan and Kyrgyzstan, both of which have their own domestic troubles, and has bad relations with Uzbekistan and a very difficult relationship with Russia.
Under the circumstances, problems in remote parts of the Rasht Valley could explode and engulf the whole country in another civil war.
Both the United States and NATO have logistical bases in Tajikistan and in neighbouring Kyrgyzstan, which serve as transits point to Afghanistan. Growing instability would threaten their strategy of using these bases as safe havens and resupply centres for their forces in Afghanistan.
Washington offered to set up an anti-terrorist training centre in the country to increase US presence and ensure greater stability. Russia is opposed in order to maintain its privileged relations with the former Soviet republic and remain the paramount power in former Soviet Central Asia.
Moreover, Russia but also Tajikistan as well as the other Central Asian nations and China, are members of the Shanghai Cooperation Organisation (SCO). For Moscow, closer military co-operation in SCO is a priority.
The country’s growing instability and the weakening of Tajikistan’s pro-western President Rahmon could help Moscow strengthen its role as guarantor of stability, and justify a greater Russian military presence at the expense of NATO and the United States.
However, a number of observers are sceptical about Russia’s capacity since it has failed so far to contain, let alone beat, Islamic radicalism within its own borders. Instead, a weaker Tajik government could open the way for a military victory by local groups, with unpredictable results for the entire region.
A current study by the University of Montreal is investigating the link between punishment and the development of anxiety disorders in children. Researchers explain that harsh parenting may alter the child’s biochemistry and cause permanent physical changes in the brain and psychological problems.
But Mind Coach David Kynan is proving conventional beliefs about psychology wrong. The results he’s getting in treating anxiety are making some people rethink their approach to mental health.
“I really don’t have any anxiety anymore. I wake up feeling refreshed and rejuvenated. It’s like a switch has been flipped in my mind” says Kirk, one of David’s latest clients”My behaviour, my mood and even my outlook on life has changed”
In fact, many of Kynan’s clients testify to rapid changes, rapid turnaround and the resolution of seemingly unsolvable problems.
Kynan’s explanation defies the traditional view: “We are told that conditions like anxiety are biochemical, that they are hard-wired and that the solution is medication. In reality problems like anxiety are learned, and they can be unlearned”
Using a synthesis of various methods, Kynan helps clients take back control of their mind and emotions. He says that what he offers is not therapy, but rather, “an active and dynamic process that helps people update their mental software” He is convinced that people can reprogram their minds to overcome even the most difficult of psychological problems.
“Psychology has always focused on why someone has a problem. I look at how it works” says Kynan. “Every problem has a structure and works as a system. When we find what the building blocks of the experience are, then we can rearrange the pieces”
According to Kynan, in conditions like anxiety and panic, people confuse problems with symptoms. Anxiety is the symptom of a problem, whereas the cause is hidden behind the scenes in the mind. Struggles to resolve the symptom without uncovering the real problem will inevitably fail. “I help them uncover the mental template hidden beneath the surface that is keeping the problem in place and update it”
Through his most popular presentation, “The Instruction Manual for the Mind”, Kynan teaches groups of rapt listeners, individuals and corporate staff alike, how the mind works and how to beat our most common problems.
His methodology is based on a model of psychology called Neuro Linguistic Programming (NLP), a system born in the 1970’s in Santa Cruz, California as a synthesis of the most effective approaches to therapy. NLP was the subject of a feature article in the Montreal Gazette in 2008.
Kynan has synthesized the thinking of NLP with other methods and created his own approach to rapid change. A type of “Sherlocke Holmes of the mind” Kynan’s work sparked the interest of the Canadian Human Rights Commission where he was invited to speak, as well as such companies as Ericcson and Sunlife Financial.
Through his blog entitled, “The Instruction Manual for the Mind” Kynan shares his insights on the secrets to change: http://www.MindworksCoaching.net/blog
More information about David’s methods can be found at www.MindworksCoaching.net
[Robert Blackwill is working hard to create his vision of a divided Afghanistan solution and an anti-Pakistan offensive of some kind (SEE: Robert Blackwill’s ‘Plan B’ is Recipe for New Civil War In Afghanistan).]
HT Correspondent, Hindustan Times
Indeed, while India had strategies to deal with most of its vital national interests, such as bringing the masses out of poverty and dealing with internal security threats, it did not have a grand strategy to “diminish the terrorist threat emanating from Pakistan,” he said.
Blackwill defined a “grand strategy” as “the art of pursuing national goals in way that improves a nation’s ability to shape and cope with the conditions of an ever-changing international environment.”
“Pakistan has used terrorism as an instrument of policy against India for twenty years to try to press India into flexibility over Kashmir,” said Blackwill, a long-standing pro-India diplomat.
“An objective observer would say that this has not succeeded. Yet cross-border terrorist infiltration continues from Pakistan… It remains to be seen whether this twenty-year display of extraordinary restraint by India is going to continue.”
In contrast with its strategy towards Pakistan, India does have grand strategies towards the U.S. and China, he said. India’s decade-long, two-pronged grand strategy towards the US is to develop ever-closer ties while maintaining ITS freedom of action in the global arena.
“It’s working, despite the challenges,” he said, adding that disagreements over the future of Afghanistan, how to deal with China and outsourcing were just blips in an otherwise ever-deepening relationship. With respect to China, India tries to promote a positive, long-term relationship with Beijing, while hedging against a less than positive response, he said.
But both New Delhi and Washington are struggling over almost 18 months to develop a more aggressive set of policies in response to China’s various actions. For India, there was undoubtedly a “negative trend” in China’s treatment of border issues and Kashmir, he said.
By STEVE KARNOWSKI (AP) – 9 hours ago
MINNEAPOLIS — Hundreds of protesters gathered outside FBI offices in Minneapolis and Chicago on Monday, bearing signs and shouting chants condemning the agency’s recent searches of homes and offices of anti-war activists in both cities.
About 150 people protested in Minneapolis, with signs reading: “Stop FBI harassment. Opposing war is not a crime.” Roughly 120 people marched in Chicago, chanting, “Hey, hey! Ho, ho! FBI raids have got to go!”
Search warrants had indicated investigators were looking for connections between the activists and radical groups in Colombia and the Middle East. Activists interviewed by The Associated Press scoffed at the suggestion that they might have provided material support to terrorism, and denied contributing money to terrorists.
One of the homes searched was that of Jess Sundin of the Minnesota Anti-War Committee. She told protesters that she knows of 13 people who have been subpoenaed to appear before a federal grand jury in Chicago next month.
Sundin and two other Minnesotans who were searched — Mick Kelly, and Meredith Aby — acknowledged in interviews Monday that they’ve had ties to activist groups and have traveled in the Middle East and-or Colombia. But they all denied contributing any money to terrorist groups.
“We have provided no material support,” Kelly said. “I can’t stress that long enough or loud enough, and honestly I don’t believe that’s why we’re facing this scrutiny.”
The FBI had searched five homes of anti-war activists in Minneapolis on Friday, plus the offices of the Minnesota Anti-War Committee. They also searched two homes of activists in Chicago. Agents confiscated computers, cell phones, large amounts of papers and financial records, the subjects and their attorneys said.
Agents were seeking “evidence relating to activities concerning the material support of terrorism,” the FBI said. Chicago FBI spokesman Ross Rice declined on Monday to discuss what agents were looking for, citing an “ongoing criminal investigation.” There have been no arrests.
Search warrants and subpoenas indicate authorities are looking for connections between the activists and groups including the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia (FARC), the Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine (PFLP) and Hezbollah. The U.S. government considers those groups to be terrorist organizations.
Among the speakers in Chicago were two activists whose home was raided, Joe Iosbaker and his wife, Stephanie Weiner.
“We will not be intimidated,” Iosbaker told the crowd, with people cheering in response.
Iosbaker told the crowd FBI agents had gone through everything in their home, including their music collection and their sons’ school notebooks. He said the agents also found more than 20 boxes containing family papers and mementos dating back decades.
“What they learned is that we are packrats,” he said, laughing.
All of these searched in Minnesota were involved in organizing a mass anti-war march at the start of the 2008 Republican National Convention in St. Paul.
The subpoena delivered to Kelly ordered him to produce records he might have relating to the Middle East and Colombia, along with “all records of any payment provided directly or indirectly to Hatem Abudayyeh.”
The searches in Chicago also targeted Abudayyeh, a Palestinian-American and executive director of the Arab American Action Network, which has been fighting anti-Arab and anti-Muslim sentiment following the Sept. 11 attacks. Abudayyeh’s attorney, Jim Fennerty, said agents took a laptop and any documents containing the word “Palestine” during Friday’s search.
Fennerty said Abudayyeh doesn’t have ties to terrorist groups. Abudayyeh has not responded to multiple requests for comment; voicemail boxes for his cell and work phones were full on Monday. Fennerty said Abudayyeh is with his hospitalized mother.
Sundin said Monday she met FARC rebels when she visited Colombia in 2000, but noted that the Colombian government was holding peace talks at the time with the rebels, who held public forums where she met them. She said she has had no contacts with FARC since.
Kelly and Sundin acknowledged they’re active in the Freedom Road Socialist Organization, a group named in several warrants that openly supports FARC and PFLP and shares their Marxist ideologies. Two groups use the name after a 1999 split. They said their Freedom Road is a small group, but that they weren’t sure how many supporters it has. Kelly edits its newspaper.
An anti-war activist in Durham, N.C., also said his home was searched Friday. Kosta Harlan said FBI agents tried to question him about an ongoing terrorism investigation, but he refused to answer questions. He would not say what the agents asked.
Associated Press Writers Michael Tarm and Sophia Tareen in Chicago contributed to this report.
AFP/File – Bangladeshi Army soldiers stand guard near an army vehicle in Dhaka in April, 2010.
DHAKA (AFP) – The United States has urged Bangladesh to sendcombat troops to Afghanistan to help the multinational effort bring stability to the war-torn country, Dhaka’s foreign ministry said Sunday.
The request was made during meetings in New York between Bangladesh Foreign Minister Dipu Moni and the United States Special Representative for Afghanistan and Pakistan Richard Holbrooke.
“He sought for any kind of help like deploying combat troops, providing economic and development assistance or giving training among the law enforcement agencies,” it said.
Moni said the government would consider the request.
Muslim-majority Bangladesh is a major contributor to United Nations peacekeeping missions around the world, but has no troops in Afghanistan.
[The last time US forces did this was on September 3, 2008. Circumstances were much different then, considering that the invading helicopters were met by Pakistani machine gun fire. Nothing this time, demonstrating the total Pak Army surrender to US demands. ]
A top US military commander has issued veiled warnings to the Pakistan Army brass that America could launch ground operations in tribal areas, if Islamabad refused to dismantle the militant network in North Waziristan.
The warning by Commander of US and NATO forces in Afghanistan General David H Petraeus, the ‘New York Times’ said, was evidence of the growing frustration of US officials who believe that Pakistanis are unlikely to launch a military operation in the area, suspected by Western intelligence to be a haven for al-Qaeda and Taliban operatives.
“Petraeus wants to turn up the heat on the safe havens,” a senior official was quoted as saying, and this was the reason that US forces had sharply stepped up drone strikes in the area.
“He has pointed out to the Pakistanis that they could do more.”
The official said the drone operations had also been intensified to preempt a possible terrorist attack in several European countries. US and European intelligence agencies are evaluating the intelligence data of a possible al-Qaeda or Taliban attack on the European mainland.
As part of its covert war in the region, the CIA has launched 20 drone attacks in the last 24 days, killing more than 100 Taliban and foreign militants. The strikes have been mainly targeted to hit the Haqqani network, which the Americans believe is based in the area.
“There are some pretty notable threat streams,” one US military official, was quoted as saying by The Wall Street Journal.
Beyond the CIA drone strikes, the war in the region is escalating in other ways. American military gunships have launched three strikes into Pakistan that military officials estimate killed more than 50 people suspected of being members of the Haqqani network, which is responsible for the spate of deadly attacks against American troops.
Such air strikes by the US and NATO military forces remain rare, the US special representative for Afghanistan and Pakistan Richard Holbrooke has defended them saying that Western Pakistan is becoming one of the most dangerous parts of the world.
The NYT said the strikes point to a new willingness by military officials to expand the boundaries of the campaign against the Taliban and Haqqani network, while American “surge” forces are in Afghanistan.
Pakistani officials have angrily criticised the helicopter attacks saying that NATO’s mandate in Afghanistan does not extend across the border into Pakistan.
The NYT said that special operations Commanders have also been updating plans for cross-border raids, which would require approval from President Obama.
For now, official said it remains unlikely that the US would make good on such threats to send America troops over the border, given the blowback inside Pakistan, an ally.
But, the NYT said that could change, if Pakistan based militants were successful in carrying out terrorists attacks on American soil.
|Baloch Liberation Front Warns to expand its actions in western Iranian Occupied Balochistan if Iran doesn’t stop collaborating with Pakistan: Translated by Archen Baloch 27/9/10
Occupied Balochistan: (NNI) Speaking through a satellite telephone from an undisclosed place, Baloch liberation Front’s spokesperson Mir Doda told NNI that its defense force have carry out an attack on Navy camp of Pakistani occupying forces on 25-09-2010 in Turbat, in which heavy casualties have been inflicted upon them. Mir Doda also affirmed the report that BLF has also carry out an attack on a local Pakistani mole, Khair Mohamd s/o Babul, who have been passing on information about Baloch Sarmachars (freedom fighter) to Pakistani enemy forces in Kharan.
He also warned that BLF would be forced to expand its actions in Western Balochistan if Iran did not stop carrying out further joint military operations with Pakistan within the border of Pakistani occupied Eastern Balochistan. He said at present their actions were limited within Pakistani Occupied Eastern Balochistan.
He condemned the brutal violence of Pakistani forces against Baloch Women, elders and children in Beseema Mastung.
Mir Doda also paid rich tribute to the martyrdom of Ali Sher Advocate who had been killed by Pakistanis military in illegal detention, he said that they would welcome such unbridled Genocides. He pledged that they would avenge the murder of their all leaders. The Punjabis and its mercenary Pashtun forces should now be prepared for receiving the death bodies of their illegal forces on Baloch soil. We would not relent until Balochistan is liberated. The state sponsored target killings have enormously increased the morale of Baloch nation and Sarmachars (freedom Fighters) to new heights.
Pakistan’s former military leader, Pervez Musharraf, tells Colin Freeman why his country needs him again – and why British troops must stay the course in Afghanistan
For the last two years he has earned a lucrative living on the global lecture circuit, enlightening select audiences on what it was like to have a ringside seat in the war on terror.
As the military ruler of Pakistan in the turbulent period after 9/11, former president Pervez Musharraf has no shortage of ideas on how to fight extremists and pacify both his homeland and neighbouring Afghanistan.
Now the former general is about put his theories to the test – quitting his comfortable retirement pad in London, where he has lived since stepping down in 2008, and returning to Pakistan to launch his own political party. The All Pakistan Muslim League will have its opening manifesto launch in London on Friday, aiming for nothing less than to “change the political culture” of his home nation, where last month’s devastating floods have added to already crippling problems with terrorism and weak government.
Indeed, given the scale of the challenges he now plans to grapple with, it is perhaps no surprise to learn that the public speaking firm to which Mr Musharraf is signed with, the elite Harry Walker agency, also has anti-poverty campaigner Bono, climate change guru Al Gore and several other stars of the “how-to-save-the-world” school of motivational speaking on its books.
“I am very comfortable travelling around the world on lectures, but I am going into politics for the greater cause of Pakistan,” Mr Musharraf told The Sunday Telegraph in an interview last week.
“The people have reached the end of their hopes, and I want to try to rekindle their faith in both themselves and Pakistan itself. It would be better to try and fail rather than not to try at all.”
The former special forces soldier was also vocal on the military challenges in neighbouring Afghanistan, saying that the escalating bodycount of British, US and other Nato soldiers should be no excuse for an early pull-out. US-led plans to start drawing down troops by the middle of next year would, he warned, lead to the region becoming a “nexus for terrorists” all over the Muslim world.
“I am not trying to portray a domesday scenario unnecessarily, but the implications would be very serious for Afghanistan, Pakistan and the rest of world,” he said. “It would encourage and strengthen the Taliban and al-Qaeda, giving them a country to fall back on. Quitting cannot be time related, it has to be effect related.”
In a blunt comment on what he called “bring the boys home” sentiment in Britain, he added that soldiers should not sign up for military service if they did not expect to face combat.
“I don’t understand why there is this issue when an army suffers casualties. Of course you try to keep them to a minimum, and I offer my deep condolences to the family of any soldier is killed, but I would also ask their parents: ‘Why was it that they joined the army? All voluntary armies face occasions where they have to maybe fight for their country and sacrifice their lives.”
Mr Musharraf, 67, was speaking at his flat off London’s Edgware Road, where he lives in a smart three-bedroom apartment in London’s Arab district. Handy for the smart restaurants of nearby Mayfair, where he and his wife are regular faces, it is also close to reminders of the turbulence in his homeland.
Nearby Edgware Road tube station was among those hit by the July 7 bombers, carried by British-born Pakistani radicals, while last week, a few miles away in Edgware itself, Imran Farooq, the exiled leader of Pakistan’s MQM party, was murdered in what may have been a turf war linked to events in Karachi.
Mr Musharraf, who receives occasional Scotland Yard protection himself, declined to speculate on the motive for the killing, but said: “It is terrible that such an assassination could happen in a place like London.”
His self-rebranding as his homeland’s civilian saviour is in marked contrast to how his political career began in 1999, when he became the latest in a long line of Pakistani military leaders to seize power from a civilian government seen as incompetent and corrupt.
As the title of his recent biography In the Line of Fire suggests, he then came under huge US pressure to clamp down on the Taliban and al-Qaeda in the wake of 9-11, much to the fury of religious hardliners in his own country. His star faded further as he clung to power for a further seven years, culminating in calls from political rivals for him to face criminal charges when he finally stepped down.
Since then, though, his reputation has recovered somewhat, not least because the civilian administration of President Ali Asif Zardari, who was elected in late 2008, is seen to have done little better. Widespread public anger at his government’s lacklustre response to the floods, which have left 12 million in need of emergency food aid, could well prove a filip to Mr Musharraf’s new party.
While he declined to comment on Mr Zardari’s performance, Mr Musharraf said: “There is a hell of a lot of disappointment among the people over the way the flood relief was tackled.”
He added: “What is required is unity of thought and action between three elements; the political forces, the army and the bureaucracy. They need an individual who can get them to think and act alike.”
Whether Mr Musharraf will find politics as easy in civilian clothes remains to be seen though. His fledgling party may struggle against the more established political groupings like Mr Zardari’s Pakistan Peoples Party, which has enjoyed a mass following for several decades. He is, however, looking forward to one advantage that he lacked during his previous stints in power – legitimacy.
“Personally I never saw myself as a dictator, even though people called me that, but now when I come back I will be a politician on normal terms. I am also a born optimist, which helps. We have everything going in Pakistan – the failure is only of leadership, not the people.”
Next U.S. destabilization target: Tajikistan
By Wayne Madsen
After establishing destabilization programs in Pakistan and Iran, the CIA, with the help of MOSSAD, has embarked on a major program to carry out false flag terrorist attacks in Tajikistan with the goal of bringing that country firmly into the American orbit. WMR’s intelligence sources in Asia report the move by Washington and Tel Aviv to consolidate control over Tajikistan is aimed at eliminating Tajikistan as a potential ally of Iran in any military showdown between the West and Iran. Tajikistan, with its Pamiri Shi’a Muslim minority and Tajik-Persian-speaking population, is a country where Iran enjoys widespread popular support.Tajikistan, which lies to the north of Afghanistan, also hosts a U.S., French, and Indian military presence.
Washington would also like to wean Tajikistan away from membership in the Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO), which unites China, Russia, and central Asian republics against the West as a de facto counterpart to NATO.
Just as with their playbook in Pakistan and Iran, the CIA and MOSSAD are conducting terrorist attacks in Tajikistan, which suffered a bloody civil war in the 1990s between forces loyal to President Emomali Rakhmon and Muslim insurgents, that are being blamed on two groups said to be affilated with “Al Qaeda,” the Islamic Movement of Uzbekistan (IMU) and Hizb ut-Tahrir. On September 19, the IMU was said to have claimed responsibility for an attack on a Tajik army unit in eastern Tajikistan that resulted in the deaths of 23 Tajik military personnel. The attacks bear some similarities to MOSSAD-initiated attacks on Turkish military units in that country that are subsequently blamed on Kurdish guerrillas.
WMR previously reported on links between the IMU and the CIA. Abdufattoh Ahmadis, the IMU spokesman who claimed responsibility for the attack on the Tajik military forces, curiously chose to send his videotape to Radio Liberty’s studio in Dushanbe, the Tajik capital. Radio Liberty, once run by the CIA, is now largely influenced by George Soros’s Open Society Institute.
Last February, Baluchi Jundullah leader Abdolmalek Rigi was reportedly scheduled to meet with Tajik Islamic extremists on the CIA’s payroll in Manas, Kyrgyzstan to coordinate anti-Iranian terrorist activities between Jundullah and Tajik Islamic militants in Iran. Jundullah had carried out a number of terrorist attacks in western Iran from its bases in Pakistan. Rigi’s flight to Kyrgyzstan was intercepted by Iranian forces who captured Rigi, put him on trial for terrorism, and eventually executed him.
The United States is seeking the same military basing rights in Tajikistan as enjoyed by India at its base in Ayni. However, when news that Tajikistan had negotiated a deal for a base in Tajikistan, Rakhmon backtracked. Tajikistan is now being faced with an “Al Qaeda”-directed destabilization campaign. The most recent attack on Tajik military forces took place on the A372 highway in the mountainous region of Pamir, home to Tajikistan’s pro-Iranian Shi’a minority, and which links Tajikistan to the restive Ferghana Valley of Kyrgyzstan, where the CIA and MOSSAD provide military aid to Islamic insurgents on their payroll who also provide assistance to anti-Chinese Uighur separatists in the neighboring Xinjiang-Uighur Autonomous Region.
The covert U.S. and Israeli operations in Central Asia are being coordinated by the U.S. Special Envoy to Afghanistan/Pakistan Richard Holbrooke. Holbrooke was due to meet with Rigi in Manas but the meeting never took place because of the Iranian capture of Rigi, who, under torture, provided details of the U.S. and Israeli operations aimed at destabilizing the entire Central Asian region to apply pressure on both China and Russia.
Recently active ”Al Qaeda” franchises, Al Qaeda in the Maghreb (AQIM) and Al Qaeda in the Arabian Peninsula (AQAP) have been blamed for terrorist attacks in Yemen and French interests in Noreth Africa, respectively. In fact, both groups, fronts for the CIA and MOSSAD, like the IMU in central Asia, are being used to justify the pro-Israel, anti-Muslim, and expansionistic foreign and military policies of Barack Obama and Nicolas Sarkozy.
Madsen is a regular contributor on Russia Today. He has been a frequent political and national security commentator on Fox News and has also appeared on ABC, NBC, CBS, PBS, CNN, BBC, Al Jazeera, and MS-NBC. Madsen has taken on Bill O’Reilly and Sean Hannity on their television shows. He has been invited to testifty as a witness before the US House of Representatives, the UN Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda, and an terrorism investigation panel of the French government.
As a U.S. Naval Officer, he managed one of the first computer security programs for the U.S. Navy. He subsequently worked for the National Security Agency, the Naval Data Automation Command, Department of State, RCA Corporation, and Computer Sciences Corporation.
Madsen is a member of the Society of Professional Journalists (SPJ), Association for Intelligence Officers (AFIO), and the National Press Club.