October 5 in the Russian magazine “However,” published an interview with the leader of the movement “Vatandor” (“Patriot”), a tough critic of President Emomali Rakhmonov, opposition journalists Dodozhonom Atovulloev. Publish the full interview.
AT ALL IS NOT ENOUGH RAKHMONOV TAJIKISTAN
After 13 years of peace that followed the bloody 1992-1997 civil war in Tajikistan, once again there was a smell of gunpowder. The attack on military convoy in the Rasht region, during which, according to official figures, killed 25 government soldiers, the scale is more like a military operation than a one-time raid irreconcilable. In this case, the IMU (Islamic Movement of Uzbekistan), which allegedly claimed responsibility for this action. So what really happened in the gorge Kamarob and that’s going on in Tajikistan?
On these and other questions, however, meets the leader of the Tajik opposition movement Vatandor “Dodojon Atovulloyev.
- To make it clearer, I will begin by answering the second question. In Tajikistan, ongoing civil war. She did not stop all these years, and declared the world was very conditional. Changed only the methods of warfare, the alignment of forces and enemy targets. At the present stage is not at war with the Islamists and democrats are not united opposition from the Popular Front. Now all are fighting against Rakhmonov regime. Patience of the people is full. People are tired of living without light, without gas, without proper food, no medicine. World about which all said and on which all hoped for, has turned into a trap, trap, which came one after another, not only the leaders of the opposition, but those who led Rakhmonov to power.
- And who brought him to power?
- Gaffor Mirzoyev (former commander of the Presidential Guard), Yakub Salimov (former Minister of Internal Affairs), Sangak Safarov (former field commander of the Popular Front, who served before 1923 on criminal charges), Mahmoud Khudaiberdyev (former commander of Special Forces) – the most famous people from the team. They are all either killed, or sit, or in exile. Units are lucky – they had to flee.
Same story with those that initially fought against Rakhmonov, and after the peace accords began his new friends. Where are they now? Said Abdullah Nuri, the leader of the Tajik opposition, and then Chairman of the Commission on National Reconciliation, was poisoned. Otahon Latifi, a prominent journalist, who worked at one time in the newspaper Pravda, he returned to the country after the signing of the peace and was killed. Mirzo Ziyoev, a warlord who became Minister of Emergency Situations, was killed last year in Tavildara. Sanginov Habib, the deputy interior minister, assassinated in 2000, Makhmadruzi Iskandarov, chairman of the committee Tajikgas (as in the text of the interview. Actually Tajikgas – a large state enterprises, M. Iskandarov headed it until 2003. – Fergana . PN), arrested in 2004 in Moscow and taken to Tajikistan, which received 23 years in prison. Thus, what has happened in Rasht – a continuation of the same policy Rakhmonov. For him, search for enemies never end. In the past year, such as fighting was going on in Tavildara, and at the same time under the guise of fighting terrorism and fundamentalism have been killed tens of any innocent people, and hundreds were imprisoned. And now trying to clean up the Rasht, where they were two months ago, was transferred two thousand soldiers and military equipment.
- Then what the enemy is looking for Rakhmonov in Rasht?
- The goal was to get rid of two powerful warlords – Mirzohudzhi Akhmadov and Schoch Iskandarov.Last year, Rakhmonov met with Akhmadov, and met in Garm, the administrative center of the Rasht region. The President swore on the Koran, which has no claims to Akhmadov and will not pursue him.They have publicly embraced, and it was shown on television. We spoke with him shortly after that, I then said: “Mirzohudzha do not believe Rahmon, this person can not be trusted.” Our last phone conversation took place just a few days ago. Again I advised him to take security measures, saying that the aim of the operation in Rasht is likely, it was he. But Akhmadov until the last minute was sure that nothing threatens him. A few days after the attack on the convoy with Akhmadov met specially arrived in Garm Ministers of Interior and Defense, as well as the deputy attorney general and deputy NSC (National Security Committee. – Auth.). They assured him that the president is good for him and no questions to him there, at the same time asked not to support troops Mullah Abdullah. And exactly two days later the house Akhmadov in Garm blew from the air. He, fortunately, was not injured, but the bombing killed five people, including a woman and three laborers Kirghiz. This information to the Murdered government carefully concealed. The next day on television said that Ahmad – a terrorist and that he hid in his Mullah Abdullah, who along with IMU accused in the attack on the convoy.
- And in fact, is not he?
- I think not. Just out of Abdullo make Bin Laden. Frankly, I can not say which group was behind the attack. But, to our knowledge, the defeat of the column were killed 25, and 40 soldiers and 25 took the side of the attackers, joining their squad. I am equally sorry for those and others. After all these young guys who take to the army – they are all from poor families who do not have 200 dollars to buy off the service. They are like rabbits for hunters – now cannon fodder. Still, my sympathies on the side of those mountains. They have experienced too much: the horrors of civil war and the hardships of life in refugee camps in Afghanistan. And now they are again in exile – in their homeland.
- But, maybe there really were IMU?
- IMU is not interested in Tajikistan, their enemy – Tashkent. But interestingly different. In 1998 idushniki really came at us, and under the roof of the Tajik National Security Committee. Remember the raid in Uzbekistan and Kyrgyzstan in 1998? They walked out of Tajikistan, after they were given weapons, trained at special bases. So Rakhmon wanted to punish and intimidate Tashkent. After the raid, authorities in Tajikistan idushnikov put on buses and, as guests of honor, carried to the Afghan border. Seeing on TV with comments: No more IMU in Tajikistan. So the story of friendship with the IMU Rakhmonov regime has begun in that time and probably continues to this day. Judge for yourself: IMU very necessary organization. Explosion in Khujand, the explosion in a nightclub, jailbreak, and everywhere the accusations against the Islamic Movement of Uzbekistan and international terrorists. And in the context of these charges are called the three countries: Afghanistan, Pakistan and the Russian Federation. Why? I think Rahmon thus sends a signal to the West, for whom Islam – like a red rag to a bull. Russia is accused of supporting international terrorism solely on the grounds that in Tajikistan were arrested several Russian nationals – people from Dagestan. These guys for a year – and according to official reports – and has already been arrested and imprisoned and even killed, from which it can be concluded that the authorities themselves entangled in his own lies.
- That is from Russia Rakhmon no more waiting for?
- In Russia, he erected a cross. I do not deny the President of Tajikistan in the right to criticize the policies of Russia. But the right to insult an entire people no one else. Homeless people, drunks, people who have nothing is sacred – such remarks against the Russian people very often found in official media. Himself and his subjects as the president calls the Aryans, not hesitating at the same time send Aryans revenge streets of Russian cities. In news programs from Russia is neither a positive story. Only negative – on all four channels. Every day show, as in Russia bully the Tajiks, and so, it appears, has become a tradition since Soviet times. And never, no example of a good life guest workers. In general, Russia – it is such Auschwitz for Tajiks.Not by chance that print newspapers portraits of Putin and Medvedev in the image of Hitler. And recently, the president said at a cabinet meeting: Russia does not want our independence, Russia wants us to be slaves. I must say that Rakhmonov has not bad acting skills. When three years ago, Russia stopped to help him with money, and get a new bird feeder in the West had failed, someone advised him to appeal to Arab sheiks. And how do you think that made this farm chairman and Communist, who came to power with the slogan “No to Islam!” Which destroyed the mosque in 1992, burned the Koran, and even burned people a beard? He performed the Hajj! And then he began to position himself as the defender of Islam. In one of the Arab newspapers have published about him a great sketch, which can not be read without tears of tenderness. It turns out that at night the president reads the Quran and crying, and that in Soviet times, he pressed as a Muslim. And now, when it was free, he draws huge international conference on Islam, which is not quoted Marx as the prophet Muhammad, announced in Tajikistan Year of Islam, etc.
Believe all of a sudden can even convinced atheist, it happens. Only it’s not the case, because, having failed to obtain reciprocity from Arab sheikhs (as it has been during the abortive novel Dushanbe and Tehran), president of the Aryans has once again started to flirt with the West. Just two years ago he was a devout Muslim but now once again close the mosque, and prohibits the hijab, calling the women who wear it, monkeys. So it seems, has decided to appeal to America, where he had been recently. Rakhmonov had been in the U.S. for ten days. Just at this time there was a massacre in Rasht, but the president did not even think to interrupt his visit and return home. Mow a true Muslim was silly, but even more foolish to fight against the religion professed by 99 percent of the population. And if anyone makes people join the ranks of extremists, it is the policy of Rakhmonov. Home terrorist organization we have – a government led by president suffering from two delusions – of grandeur and persecution. He sees in every enemy, especially if the person is anything like a strong and influential. The other day in Moscow was arrested on one of the large Tajik businessmen Nizomhon Juraev. At one time it was entree into the family Rakhmonov and even friends with one of his daughters. But then, apparently, was too rich and independent. At first he took away all the business, then arrested 30 relatives, and now his own. Blaming one: an attempt to coup d’etat, terrorism, and extremism.
- He was detained by Russian special services? And has already transferred to the Tajik side?
- Not yet. We have a list of 1,555 persons declared by the Tajik side in search. These people – the former opposition or supporters of former oppositionists. All of them are accused of terrorism, illegal border crossing and killing Russian soldiers and officers. All this, of course, a lie. But with such formulations necessarily Russia will give them to Tajikistan. What do all these people? Only one thing: to defend itself by taking up arms. Why are people now gather in the mountains? After all, there goes not only the opposition, but everyone who fears for his life and liberty. In the beginning we said that the civil war in Tajikistan continues. At this stage there is a war not of faith, not of democratic ideals, not for power, and not for money. This is a war for life, and for those who are in the mountains, it is valid.
- How many people are in the mountains?
- In early summer there were 700-800, now more than 3 thousand. They live in villages, the local population to them is good, there is a refuge from the time of the Civil War. In the five years of civil war Rakhmon and could not get control over these territories, the more it will fail him now. But it is only in the Rasht region in the east. Roughly the same in the villages around Dushanbe and northern Tajikistan. Rakhmonov said recently in a not very narrow circle, that the northern Tajiks – people second-class citizens and have often rape their women, to elevate the blood. The explosion of the building security in Khujand – a response to his words. In July, Rakhmonov was in the Pamirs, where he assembled a former commander and seven days of celebrating the anniversary of reconciliation. There were taken gifts, a caravan of handouts: computers, refrigerators. Television showed the story: His Majesty urged the businessmen to help the poor, and that the president’s daughter gives people energy efficient light bulbs. Another story: A woman with Pamir said that after the arrival of Rakhmon its chickens are better scurry, and the bees started to produce more honey.Anyone can be deceived by such scenes? Only the Rakhmonov. Has grown up a new generation that is willing to live without hot water, saying that “if only there was no war.” Their war is not scared, they do not know. But know that if the machine room with four eights, it’s a family car Rakhmonov. And if the four units – family brother. The president has seven daughters and two sons, and all one Tajikistan is clearly not enough.
- But somebody Rahmon support? Domestically and abroad?
- Domestically, it’s only come in his native Dangara district, others he does not believe. Intelligence agencies are incompetent and corrupt, the recent mass jailbreak it showed. And who will be loyal to the president, that all leases? Abroad obvious allies had either, although he is actively looking for a “roof”. There are, however, the lobby – I think even that is not in one country. In Russia it’s a few senior officials, tied with Rahmon money and also have interests in drug trafficking. That they are trying to persuade the Russian leadership, which no one to replace Rakhmonov and that if “our son of a bitch” go away, then his successor will come an Islamic fundamentalist. By the way, according to our information, just in recent days, government forces are involved in Rasht two helicopters sent by the Russian side. And Kazakhstan Tajikistan handed attack – in the Parliament’s decision on grant military assistance. Would like to see people taking such decisions, they knew: they give military hardware terrorist regime, fighting against their own people.Peace is impossible. There is now a consolidation of all the opponents Rakhmonov. If the opposition groups will move to Dushanbe, the Tajik army of hungry run so far not even to the Afghan – to the Chinese border. Such a statement – just a matter of time.Rakhmonov, who was waiting for the fate of Saddam Hussein, he brought the denouement.