Russian Service of BBC, Dushanbe
Tajik authorities are trying to influence the activities of religious institutions
In the US State Department report on the situation of religious freedom in countries around the world, it is noted that the Tajik authorities to respect for religious freedom remained poor.
Tajik authorities say that they are trying to prevent the radicalization of society and to preserve the secular form of government.
In previous annual reports on International Religious Freedom US State Department also focused on the actions of the Tajik authorities, who were criticized for cases of infringement of the rights of believers, in particular inspection and the closure of mosques, numerous lawsuits against the supporters of religious parties and movements, and issues of wearing Islamic dress and beards.
Unlike past years, the first time this year along with a statement of the facts of discrimination faced by religious sentiment of the population, the State Department said the growth rate of the Islamization of society, especially youth.
“The process of Islamization has gone?
Many Observers stress That the Interest in religion in the Country in recent years Has Grown significantly. Learn the basics of Islam in schools Theological Send Their Children even from secular Families.
In Tajikistan, only 5% of the Population ATTEND Friday Prayers – One of the Most Important rituals in Islam …What kind of Islamization in question?
former mufti of Tajikistan
“We have no accurate statistics, what percentage of the population attends the mosque, or any number of believers perform religious rites in full. No clear criteria by which we can determine the degree of religious people, and how this religion has a radical or extremist , “- says expert Parviz Mullojanov.
“The process of Islamisation of society is, and fast. It’s obvious. For example, there is some statistics related to the consumption of alcoholic beverages. Consume alcohol have become two, and in some regions, and three times less. The owners of some establishments refuse licenses to sell alcoholic beverages, because of dissatisfaction with customers regarding the sale of intoxicating beverages, “- said political analyst Parviz Mullojanov.
Meanwhile, a famous religious leader of Tajikistan Khoja Akbar Turajonzodah believes that talk of Islamization are baseless.
“In Tajikistan, only 5% of the population attend Friday prayers – one of the most important rituals in Islam. Five-time prayers go to only 2%. That is seven and a half million population prayers go to no more than 5-6 %. What kind of Islamization in question? “- asks the question, which seems to be rhetorical, Hodge Turajonzodah.
“The hijab does not include”
Report of the Department of State recalled the decision of the Ministry of Education of the country that prohibits pupils and students to wear the hijab – a Muslim headdress.
“At least we know the fact of expulsion of one girl and one teacher from the Tajik National University for wearing hijab” – the authors point out the report.
In 2007, Tajikistan hosted the first trial of the suit students Davlatmo Ismailov who is suing the Ministry of Education of Tajikistan and the leadership of high school, pushed her away from classes for wearing the hijab.
Tajik student loses a lawsuit, and she offered to return to school, but on condition that she remove her hijab.
Religious Leaders Say That Are there Public events for the Prohibition of wearing long beards. First with an Official Appeal ACTED AS the Ministry of Education of Tajikistan, to Ban Than 50 younger teachers to wear a beard.
According to the authors of the new report, Tajikistan recorded cases of refusal to issue passports to men with beards.
The report said the State Department and the harassment of supporters of the religious organizations banned in the country.
Islamization does Not necessarily Lead to radicalization. Radicalization is Inevitable in Case of Social Problems and unresolved issues of morality, Poverty, and Unemployment.
Tajik political analyst
A case in point is the numerous and massive lawsuits against the supporters of the organization Jamaat Tabligh and the flow of “Salafi”.
Often in court proceedings was not provided with evidence that convicts were anti-state activities.
“For many years I was engaged in criminal matters in respect of banned religious organizations. Always felt guilty bias in the conduct of such cases. As a general rule, the defendants received long prison terms,” – said the lawyer the NGO Centre for Human Rights Tatyana Hotyuhina.
According to official figures, 99% of Tajiks Are Muslim. Most Muslims of Tajikistan, EXCEPT for a Small Community of Shia Ismaili Gorno Badakhshan Are hanifitskogo Sunni clerics.
Lack of credibility
Religion in Tajikistan Has Officially separated from the State. But in Reality, actively Authorities Intervene in the Affairs of Religious Institutions in the Country – in Particular, Have a casting vote in the Election of Imam Khatibs mosques.
The absence of ideology, the weakness of the authority of the official clergy and unresolved social issues are the cause of the emergence in society of radical Muslims.
“The process of Islamization does not necessarily lead to radicalization. Radicalization is inevitable in case of unresolved social problems and issues of morality, poverty, and unemployment. When society as a whole demoralizing, is a sharp response from Islam and radicalization. Much will depend on how you will address these issues and how government will behave with respect to religious figures, “- said political analyst Parviz Mullodzhonov.
Fencing from the influence of
The Other day in Dushanbe from Egypt Were Returned to a Group of Students and Students Who studied in Islamic schools in the Country.Official Dushanbe is Currently in talks with the Government of Iran, Pakistan, Afghanistan, Saudi Arabia on the Return of Tajik Citizens.
Observers believe that the fears of Dushanbe linked to the fact that students of theological schools may fall under the influence of radical religious groups, or be advocates of non-traditional for Tajikistan of Islam.
In addition, stricter rules on access to Religious education in Tajikistan. According to the US State Department report on Religious Freedom under the new Law on Religious Associations in Tajikistan, Not all mosques Are allowed Religious instruction of Children and Youths.
This creates certain difficulties as to gain knowledge about Islam, children have to attend the mosque, located far outside their villages.