The situation in the Gorno-Badakhshan is changing every hour. In fourteen hours local time, should have ended the truce concluded yesterday between government troops and militants. However, in the morning an agreement had been violated: in Khorog (the center of the Gorno-Badakhshan Autonomous Oblast) unknown snipers shot and killed seven civilians – four children, two men and a woman. When the truce came to an end, the President of Tajikistan Emomali Rakhmonov signed a decree on the full cease-fire in Khorog.
Unlawful killing as a pretext to raid
The official reason for the raid in the Gorno-Badakhshan was the murder of Gen. Abdullah Nazarov – Head of Regional Department of the State Committee for National Security (SCNS). According to the official version, the incident occurred in the suburb of Khorog, when the general returned to the official car of the district center Ishkashim (Ishkashim – a village on the banks of the Panj River on the border with Afghanistan).The car was allegedly stopped by Nazarov group of unknown people, who pulled out of the general car and struck him several times with a knife, then fled. It was reported that at the time of the attack near the Nazarov were two employees of the National Security Committee of the “Alpha”, but they could not protect him. The blame for the murder was assigned to the illegal armed formation, which is headed by Deputy Chief Ishkashim Tolib Ayembekov border detachment. According to the National Security Committee and the Interior Ministry, the group has for a long time was engaged in smuggling drugs, tobacco products, precious stones, followed by the number of serious crimes, including robbery.
Officially, it is to find and arrest the killers Nazarov, in Gorno-Badakhshan, and were introduced by the troops and armored vehicles. Khorog bombed without warning and evacuating civilians – but it brought out representatives of international organizations. As a result, special operations have been killed, according to unofficial data, more than 200 people, according toan official - 42 people. He was killed by one of the sons Ayembekova himself Tolib fled to Afghanistan.
Sources “Fergana” in Khorog, however, give his version of what happened murder. According to a person close to the structure, where the victim worked and General Nazarov and Tolib Ayembekov, it was the only crime of “dispute”. ”We were Ayembekova Nazarov and agreement on certain types of contraband goods (apparently, Nazarov,” fronting “Ayembekova – Ed.), And when there were some problems, the general Nazarov went to settle – that’s why he did not take a guard, he did not need unnecessary witnesses – the source says, “Fergana”. - But during the showdown, something went wrong and how to say it was brother Tolib Ayembekova knife and struck the general’s chest. This is exactly showdowns, there is no policy. In Gorno-Badakhshan authorities have long grown together with criminals, through the area is a large flow of contraband. “
This version explains why Tolib Ayembekov flatly refused to extradite those responsible for the death of General, as well as the official version with 20 stab wounds: the authorities are not interested in a broad investigation into relations of crime and high officials of National Security Committee, and the “gang murder” Nazarov – a good excuse for military special operations, which benefit both the authorities and drug cartels (assuming that these are two different forces). On the one hand, it may be a special operation to pacify the autonomous region, where even today there are armed groups and which has traditionally opposed Rahmon, on the other, more serious disturbances in Badakhshan, the easier it is for smugglers.
In the words of an expert on Central Asia, the international observer, “Moscow News” Arkady Dubnov, in an interview with Radio “Liberty”, “version that I know is that the killing of Abdullah Nazarov is just an excuse to deploy there is a serious large-scale military operation of government troops, to eliminate a serious threat to the regime Rahmon. In these assertions there is truth, because to find the perpetrators of the murder of Nazarov’s official Dushanbe could just started a large-scale military operation.The fact that virtually all of Badakhshan population is opposed to the central government. And trying to make Dushanbe come to confess or to give up those whom the regime considered guilty from the outset doomed to failure. Sorry for the cynicism, but I think if it were not for this reason – killing Nazarov, it would have to invent those now in power in Dushanbe. For more than a year before the presidential election in Tajikistan, where Rahmon has no serious rivals, except for the armed opposition, that it was necessary to tear a splinter. “
What is happening in Khorog?
“Fergana” contacted the chairman of the Russian Fund for Cultural Heritage, “Pamir” Mukimov Maybalievym, who said that, according to their data, resulting in a special operation, which lasted from six in the morning until six in the evening, killing about 150 people: 35-40 killed by government Troops, 30-40 people from the insurgents, and 50-60 – on the part of the civilian population. International organizations with offices in Khorog, on the eve of his men were taken out of the city – the locals was not warned.
- People are sent to the summer home of their wives and children – and now have no information from relatives, telephone blocked – said Mukim Maybaliev. - We have prepared an appeal to the Government of Tajikistan, where we ask only two things: stop the fighting and restore the connection. This morning at a rally in Khorog and the old woman came out, they also require a cessation of hostilities.
Meanwhile, the “Facebook” appeared panicky messages about what is happening in Khorog, “lamentable state of the population, lots of angry civilians were killed, the military does not allow women to bury the dead guys body, which lay in the streets, do not give to touch, many in the the verge of collapse. The military also took control of the only hospital in the city, and placed their wounded there, but their not let anyone go … “Information about” bodies, which lie in the streets, “indirectly confirmed by the words of the chairman of the Gorno-Badakhshan autonomous region (Badakhshan) encoding Cosimo, who commented on the disposal of Rahmon’s cease-fire: “This decision was made due to the fact that there are wounded, and on the streets can be decomposed corpses.”
Morning, July 25 Mukim Maybaliev not confirmed “Fergana” information with “Facebook”: “Forget allowed. Today in Khorog silence, till two o’clock declared a truce. “
- The facebook is the call to come to the rally to the Embassy of Tajikistan in Moscow to 18.00. This rally sanctioned?
- No. We are not talking about the rally. We will give our message to the embassy and we hope that we hear. Because if the fighting will continue, we can not keep people – but only in Moscow and the region around 35 000 people from the Gorno-Badakhshan – told M.Maybaliev.
Ismailis in Afghanistan
Background of Gorno-Badakhshan and Dushanbe deserves a separate story, which now is no time. We only recall that Badakhshan – an autonomous region, whose inhabitants have traditionally hurt the ratio of official Dushanbe. Badakhshan – the poor, the most vulnerable and the most problematic area of Tajikistan. Pamirs differ from other ethnic Tajiks, not only: they have different national self-awareness. Recall that the majority of the indigenous inhabitants of Gorno-Badakhshan constitute
Ismailis (followers of the Shiite Muslim religious movements), whereas in other regions of Tajikistan live mostly Sunni.
Combat operations of government troops joined the Ismaili stronger than the economic interests or criminal liability: a source said, “Fergana” in Tajikistan, now dominated by a feeling among the Ismailis’ enemies came to our land and kill innocent people. “ As the “Fergana” in Afghanistan, on the border with Tajikistan, are now about 250 Ismailis – Tolib Ayembekova people who are willing to cross the border and go to the aid of fellow Muslims.
The most dangerous thing that there is a real threat: those under the banner of Tajikistan can climb many of those who are dissatisfied with the regime of Rahmon. And perhaps, the power is realized.
About an hour before the expected completion time of the armistice, Tajik President signed a decree on the complete cessation of hostilities in Khorog. In addition, it became known as the “Fergana” from their sources, Rahmon invited the Prince Aga Khan IV (the spiritual leader of the Ismaili Muslim community-Nizari) but it has not yet arrived.
“Fergana” continues to monitor developments in the Gorno-Badakhshan.
The international news agency “Fergana”