Foto: AP / Adriana Alvarado
Besides being one of the most violent and organizations increasingly consolidate their dominance throughout the country, in recent years Los Zetas have imposed its law in most prisons in the north. In those places co-opted directors and trustees and even organized mass escapes, as of Monday 17 Cereso in Piedras Negras, to free its members and supporters and replenish the lost paintings in their war against the Gulf Cartel and combat with the military government and police.
Saltillo. (Process). – The Zetas control most of the prisons in the north and for the last four years, in complicity with their managers-have organized mass escapes in Tamaulipas, Nuevo Leon, Coahuila and Zacatecas. In the latest, on Monday, 17, were 131 inmates who left the Social Rehabilitation Centre (Cereso) of Piedras Negras in the front door.
During that time the organized criminal group of 546 gunmen evasion or sympathizers, according to figures of the Executive Secretariat of the National Public Security, which allowed him to replace their fallen members.
The leakage of Piedras Negras Cereso inmates took to the streets, where two buses were waiting to take them, admitted the state attorney, Homero Ramos Gloria, and the owner of the local Public Security, Jorge Luis Delgado Moran. As they dug the tunnel was only a screen to “cover up officials” who facilitated the escape prison.
The ruse did not work, so a judge issued a warrant Rio Grande rooting for 40 days against 16 people identified as suspects of the crime of escape of prisoners, including Cereso director, José Miguel Resendiz Perez, the head and Deputy Director of Security and Custody, Héctor Miguel Anguiano Saul Rosales and Francisco Ambriz Jacques, respectively, and several guards.
According to state officials, several of the inmates were transferred to Tamaulipas and others to strengthen the Zetas in their war against the Gulf Cartel (CDG).
The penultimate flight was in the morning of February 19 in the Cereso of Apodaca, Nuevo Leon. On that occasion 37 inmates climbed the tower from which slipped six, using ropes, to the street where waiting and gunmen aboard several trucks.
Previously Delta had taken the ambulance 44 members of CDG to be beaten to death in the courtyard of the prison while guards gave them protection.
Nuevo Leon Governor Rodrigo Medina Cruz said the next day that the custodians of the tower six were being questioned. Shortly after the officers were seated and 29 prison guards, who confessed to receiving money from Los Zetas cells to allow them luxury, sell drugs, extort internal and enlivened with mariachis have parties and women.
Jorge Domene, security spokesman for Nuevo Leon, said the prison director, Geronimo Miguel Andres Martinez received bribes from the criminal organization for about 35,000 pesos per month, while the heads of the guard got between 20 000 and 25 000 , shift managers and custodians 10,000 in 4000-6000.
The fugitives were taken by Los Zetas to a ranch in the town of Anahuac, in upstate. Among them were three lords, who were reassigned as regional managers, other cells formed in the Monterrey metropolitan area and the state in rural municipalities.
Among the leaders were Oscar Soriano Manuel Bernal, The Spider, Rogelio Chacha Quintanilla, The Yeyo, and Jose Ricardo Barajas Lopez, The Speakers.To date 17 have been recaptured, including El Yeyo, and two were killed in clashes with the military.
The Speaker remains at large but senior Army him as the focal point for implementation of 49 people whose bodies were abandoned in Cadereyta last May. They say he even recorded with your cell performance and then uploaded the video to YouTube website, where it was only a few hours.
The largest mass escape organized by Los Zetas occurred the morning of December 17, 2010 at the Center of sentencing (Cedes) of Nuevo Laredo, Tamaulipas. On that occasion came at least two vehicles-a van and a school bus to pick up 151-convicts.
Days after Gov. Eugenio Hernandez Flores said the escape was carried out in collusion with the trustees: “It was a betrayal of the trust placed in them,” he said.
He reported that the director of the state prisons, Horacio Sepulveda-seventh that occupied that position in his administration, and the director of Kedesh, Efrain Hernandez, with only two months in office, were missing. The Attorney General’s Office to 41 trustees appropriated for alleged complicity in the escape.
On May 19, 2009 there was another rescue of prisoners in the prison of Cieneguillas, Zacatecas. This time fled 53. The operation was documented in a video that shows the ease with which the Zetas have access to prisons to get their accomplices.
The outside cameras and reception recorded the time in which 10 trucks arrived at the parking services without showing any documents, guards the main access either alerted by radio to his superiors about the arrival of the convoy.
The video shows the entry of a group of gunmen who locked the custodians.Minutes later we see that they run all prisoners. Up to the vans and leave prison.
The then Secretary of Government, Carlos Pinto Nunez told the guards Process facilitated the escape: “The trustees do not resist and left lock … From the beginning we assumed that there was complicity, even were well enclosed, for they could open and close cell “.
A colonel who heads the operations of “special forces” in the country’s northeast Process described, provided omit their identity, the exponential growth of Los Zetas from the administration of Vicente Fox
At first, he says, the group was consolidated in Nuevo Laredo, where they were sent in 2001 by Osiel Cardenas to defend the place and prevent the killers of Edgar Valdez Villarreal, La Barbie, the Sinaloa Cartel, to settle in the area.
From there it spread rapidly to the main cities of the entity and Nuevo Leon.Began recruiting members among municipal police forces, who were in charge of caring for the narcotienditas “that then reproduced as fungi” he says.
During the Fox administration Zetas-CDG dispute against rival Sinaloa Cartel and other smaller groups caused 10 000 deaths, including police chiefs and uniformed. ”At that stage-sets the source-Los Zetas were within reach hundreds of assassins trained in municipal and state police forces.”
He mentions that in some municipalities in the metropolitan area of Monterrey “cartel” was synonymous with “law enforcement agencies”.
He began purging the police in Nuevo Leon in the town of Garcia, 99% were dismissed, in Escobedo, 90% in Guadeloupe, more than 70%, and in Santa Catarina and Monterrey, more than 60%.
Los Zetas changed their approach and began to recruit hitmen, hawks and stakes between gang thousand marginalized areas. There they found a vein endless “cannon fodder”, but inexperienced in handling firearms, added the colonel.
Besides, he says, organized mass escapes on penalties that control to replace their fallen members.
The organization Citizens in Support of Human Rights, founded on April 23, 1993 between the Christian base communities of Guadalupe City, Nuevo Leon, worked several years with the inmates in the penal institution.
Its director, Consuelo Morales, tells that the association process left that job because the prisons are controlled by organized crime. Everyone knows, he says, that prison officials working for the CDG and Los Zetas, either by threats or bribes.
Those who are sent inside capos. They control from the drug trade, which is trading at expensive prices, to spaces of the floor to sleep. They have imposed a system of terror to the extent that families of prisoners must pay daily to avoid being hit.
In criminal and Topo Chico Los Zetas get up to 15 million pesos every month for their illegal activities, said the colonel.
The Diocese of Saltillo, represented by Bishop Raul Vera Lopez, also has a performing pastoral work in the prisons, but in recent months his work has been hampered by the mafia.
“We know that the prisons of our region are in the power of organized crime.Nobody we forget what has happened in other prisons where there have been leaks like this “(Monday’s 17 in Piedras Negras), Vera Lopez said local media on Wednesday, 19.
“Prisons have laws and governments themselves, imposed by organized crime, which causes suffering to common criminals. There is no order of legality and justice, much less a state of law in which we can trust, “he said.
To change this situation, he said, honesty is required in the administration of the criminal from the highest levels. He concluded: “It is unfortunate the degree of disorder we have reached and it seems that things could go worse, and you do not see that with the change of regime corruption is going to end.”