From Bajaur to Jinnahpur

From Bajaur to Jinnahpur

By Adnan Gill

As the kingmakers play musicale chairs in Dubai and London, the Emperors of the New World Order iron out plans to reshape and resize Pakistan into manageable pieces. It is not a question of whether United States/NATO will enter into Pakistan to cleanup the alleged sanctuaries of Taliban and Al-Qaeda; it’s a matter of when it will enter? In all likelihood, it’s going to be sooner then latter.

As we speak, US is beefing up its military closer to the Pakistani shores. Recently, the aircraft carrier USS Abraham Lincoln was repositioned from the Persian Gulf to the Gulf of Oman. Telecommunication services on the border areas with Afghanistan are suspended. US troops have amassed heavy weapons and established camps close to the border around Kurram and North Waziristan tribal regions. US gunship choppers are also seen giving air cover to the troops and routinely violating Pakistani airspace. Lately, the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, Adm. Michael Mullen, had been busy warning, the terrorists hiding in the mountainous border region between Afghanistan and Pakistan are planning their next attack on the US. Then as if doing a favor, US sent Adm. Mullen to deliver a final warning to Pakistan; US is coming, either stay out of the way or there will be very ugly consequences.

However, that would be the least problem for the Pakistanis, if it ended there. There are other ominous developments in the region that individually do not amount to much, but collectively they will test Pakistan’s survival to the limits. Like starving vultures, there are several parties – nurtured and groomed by the Americans — waiting in wings for the US to invade Pakistan. They want to pounce on a weakened Pakistan to get their share of meat. As usual, the US military buildup was preceded by the diplomatic equivalent of hysteria, ‘sky is falling.’ In Brussels, the US Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice said, “We’ve been very clear that this is a matter for Pakistan to decide,” whether they can effectively do the job? British Foreign Secretary David Miliband also parroted Washington’s line. Ironically, even people who are too afraid to leave the security of their palaces, like the Afghan President Hamid Karzai, also mustered enough guts to threaten Pakistan with sending in his army to finish the Taliban.

Around mid 90s, media widely reported, several torture cells ran by the MQM and maps of ‘Jinnahpur’ were discovered from the MQM offices. MQM denied the existence of such maps, but neutral observers believe the MQM was indeed envisioning a separate state for the Pakistani Muhajirs. Jinnahpur would have included two of the largest Pakistani cities, Karachi and Hyderabad. Soon after, the founder of MQM, Altaf Hussain ran out of Pakistan to live in self-exile in the UK. In 2004, during a visit to India, Altaf declared the creation of Pakistan to be, “the greatest blunder in the history of mankind,” and asked for direct Indian intervention. Last May, when the MQM hooligans set lawyers’ offices on fire, they repeatedly chanted, ‘Karachi belongs to whom? To MQM.’

Conspicuously, the Americans with a mission to eradicate terrorism from the face of the Earth recently found a new appreciation for militant parties like the MQM. Few months ago, the US Ambassador to Pakistan Anne W. Patterson flew to London to meet the MQM chief Altaf Hussain. Her meeting with Altaf raised more then a few eyebrows over the new-found love between the US and the MQM.

Similarly, Baloch separatist Nawabs are also aspiring for their own state. They are openly soliciting help from India and the US to break Balochistan off Pakistan, “we would welcome anybody, India or even devil himself.” Secessionists Sadars like Sardar Akhtar Mengal and Nawab Sardar Brahamdagh Khan Bugti are still vowing to sever Balochistan from Pakistan.

More recently, a bomb exploded outside the Indian embassy in Kabul. Immediately afterwards, Pakistan was blamed for it. Then years of calm was broken when some so-called unknown men from the Indian side of the LOC opened gunfire on the Pakistani soldiers; but the Indian army accused Pakistan of “resorting to unprovoked firing.” Taking a queue from the Americans, could India also be positioning herself to enter Pakistan?

But it was the Karachi Mayor/Nazim Mustafa Kamal’s startling remarks that let the cat out of the bag. His secessionist comments confirmed what many suspected for years; that at minimum, MQM wants to sever Karachi and Hyderabad from the Sindh, if not from Pakistan, and name their territory ‘Jinnahpur’. At a businessmen’s dinner in honor of President Musharraf, he told the audience that they should not pull their money out of Karachi, because “if they return after six months or one year the region and its geography may not be the same”. Thanks to this one statement, MQM’s vision became crystal clear.

As recent as, couple of months ago, Nazim Kamal was given a star treatment at the US State Department where he was also accorded a 40-minute meeting with the Assistant Secretary Richard Boucher. His trip to the US was a follow-up of a visit to Karachi by the Deputy Secretary of State John Negroponte and Richard Boucher. CNN’s correspondent Zain Virje summarized his trip as, “The mayor of Karachi is a guest with a mission.” Lahore’s mayor Mian Amer Mahmood was also in the US but he wasn’t given a treatment even close to what Nazim Kamal received.

In an interview with Steve Inskeep of the NPR’s Morning Edition (aired on June 5, 08), Nazim Kamal’s racist commentary hardly left any doubt in anybody’s mind about the separatist mission of the MQM. Steve Inskeep comments, “Karachi’s mayor considers these ethnic Pushtoons a mortal threat… [who] are plotting to takeover his city. “ In an attempt to create ethnic divisions and convenience the American interviewer that only MQM qualifies to be the sole Pakistani secular partner of the Americans, Nazim is heard saying, “These Pushtoons means what? Pushtoons means like fundamentalists. Religiously fundamentalists, religiously extremists. They are coming in… When it comes to ethnicity they all are [the terrorists].” Then Nazim drove the reporter past some Islamic schools and a house where Daniel Perl was found dead. Nazim then pointed to a bearded man in a window, as if he wanted to show a terrorist’s face, and says, “Look at him. Look at his face.” To make a point that Pushtoons were plotting the locations of these settlements to block his party’s plans for the city, he adds,”It’s a very strategic location… The super highway is there. They can control the highway,” to which the reporter inquires, if their plan was in contrast to his own strategic plan? The Nazim responded in affirmation, “they definitely had a master plan before me.” Perhaps, Mr. Inskeep wasn’t briefed by the State Department to be sympathetic to MQM’s cause, or probably the seasoned reporter saw through Nazim’s bigoted claims. The reporter explained, he met many locals from slums and realized “[Pushtoons] had no master plan beyond their next meal.”

To top off MQM’s apathy for the Pushtoons, a string of remotely triggered bombs exploded in the Pushtoon dominated areas of Karachi. Experts believe remotely triggered bombs are MQM’s preferred method of bombing. A message was delivered; Pushtoons will not have any room in Jinnahpur.

There are multiple opportunists like MQM and Karzai sharpening their claws in an anticipation of Americans to wound Pakistan, so they can devour whatever pieces they can snatch. These opportunists have been carefully nurtured by the Americans. Courtesy of these opportunists, Pakistan is already burning from Bajaur to Jinnahpur. What remains to be seen is whether the Americans will throw a bone to these hyenas or not?

Fixing Intel–(this document contains a Trojan…do not go to link)

[After warning others about my own bad experiences with Adobe documents {SEE:

Adobe Acrobat Fully Infested With Various Malware, Some Deadly},  I read this NATO document, and sure enough, I am infested with another trojan.  Why is it that so many Western sources load the documents they produce for public consumption with this garbage?  They can achieve the same results using other backdoors, so why do they use these malware devices–strictly for the harassment value?]



Fixing Intel

NATO Spy Chief Issues Scathing Rebuke of US Intelligence in AfPak Theatre

[If Obama only takes this report to heart, while reevaluating US intelligence shortcomings in relation to Yemeni terror incident, then perhaps he would understand why we fight and why we cannot win.]

US ‘spy work’ lacking in Afghanistan: NATO official

* Maj Gen Michael Flynn says intelligence officials, analysts ‘ignorant of local economics’
* Suggests centres to make unclassified data available to military, donors, aid workers
* Says intelligence community has ‘fallen into trap’ of ‘anti-insurgency campaign’

KABUL/WASHINGTON: Eight years into the war in Afghanistan, the US intelligence community is only “marginally relevant” to the overall mission, focusing too much on the enemy and not enough on civilian life, NATO’s top intelligence official said, calling the US spies ignorant and out of touch with the Afghan people.

The stinging assessment said field agents are not providing intelligence analysts with the information needed to answer questions asked by US President Barack Obama and the top commander in Afghanistan, General Stanley McChrystal.

US intelligence officials and analysts are “ignorant of local economics and landowners, hazy about who the powerbrokers are and how they might be influenced, incurious about the correlations between various development projects… and disengaged from people in the best position to find answers,” US Maj Gen Michael Flynn wrote in a 26-page report released on Monday by the Centre for a New American Security think tank in Washington.

Too much: The report said US intelligence had focused too much on gathering information on insurgents and was “unable to answer fundamental questions about the environment in which US and allied forces operate and the people they seek to persuade”.

The officials “can do little but shrug in response to high-level decision makers seeking the knowledge, analysis and information they need to wage a successful counterinsurgency,” Flynn wrote in the report, which was co-authored by his adviser, Capt Matt Pottinger, and Paul Batchelor with the Defence Intelligence Agency.

“These analysts are so starved for information from the field that many say their jobs feel more like fortune telling than serious detective work,” said the report. “It’s little wonder then that many decision makers rely more on newspapers than military intelligence to obtain ‘ground truth’.”

Field intelligence officers should not limit their reports to diagramming insurgent networks, Flynn suggested. They should also provide information about meetings with villagers and tribal leaders, translated summaries of local radio broadcasts that influence local farmers and field observations of Afghan soldiers and aid workers.

Centres: He suggested setting up information centres where unclassified information could be organised and made available to the military, donor nations and aid workers.

The report uses “intelligence community” to refer to the thousands of uniformed and civilian intelligence personnel serving with the Defence Department and joint interagency operations in the country.

The report said in conventional warfare, troops depend on big picture intelligence to figure out their ground strategies, but in a counterinsurgency, troops, aid workers and others on the ground are usually the best informed about the enemy.

“I don’t want to say we’re clueless, but we are,” according to an operations officer quoted in the report. “We’re no more than fingernail deep in our understanding of the environment.”

Trap: Instead of mounting a counterinsurgency, Flynn asserted that the intelligence community had “fallen into the trap” of waging an “anti-insurgency campaign” aimed at capturing or killing Taliban.

An intelligence official defended the focus of US spy agencies, saying, “You can’t be successful at counterinsurgency without a profound understanding of the enemy.”

Flynn’s report said the intelligence community had enough analysts in Afghanistan but “too many are in the wrong places and assigned the wrong jobs”.

The report described the main problems as “attitudinal, cultural, and human”, saying the community had “a culture that is strangely oblivious of how little its analytical products, as they now exist, actually influence commanders”.

It also urged changes such as focus on gathering more information on a wider range of issues at grassroots. agencies

2010: The Turning Point, Euthanizing the Empire

This article appears in the January 8, 2010 issue of Executive Intelligence Review.

2010: The Turning Point

by John Hoefle

[A PDF version of this article is available here]

Dec. 31—As the new year rolls in, the ancient Chinese curse/blessing “May you live in interesting times” comes to mind. For we do, indeed, live in them. These are times of both tragedy, and opportunity, as an old and evil system dies a well-deserved and long-overdue death, and the fight over what will replace it takes center stage.

The old system, in its present incarnation, is known as the British Empire, but traces its roots back through Venice, Rome, and beyond. It is a maritime empire whose power is based upon control of money and trade. In the post-World War II period, the empire has cloaked itself in the corporate world, creating global cartels and global markets, controlled by global bankers, but underneath the corporatist facade, lies the same old parasitic imperialism.

That empire is dying, a victim of its own success at looting the world to the point where a devastating collapse is inevitable, unless the nations of the world rise up, cast off the imperial parasites, and return to the path of progress. Fortunately for all of us, that shift has begun.

The King Is Dead

The British Empire’s fate was sealed in mid-2007, with the simultaneous deaths of its monetary system, and the financial system that monetary system had created. The distinction is important. The power of the empire rests in its ability to control the supply and price of money. It does this through a network of central banks, such as the Bank of England, the Federal Reserve, and the European Central Bank. These so-called “independent” central banks are creatures of the empire, which views itself as sitting above mere nation-states.

The claim has been made that, in the bailout frenzy of the past two years, the central banks have become tools of the state. The Fed, it has been said repeatedly, has become virtually an arm of the U.S. Treasury, carrying out government policy. In fact, the opposite is true. The Treasury, and the White House, are captives of the imperial system which controls the Fed.

The bailout, underneath all the empty promises, was never intended to bring the dead system back to life. Instead, it was intended to support the imperial monetary system during the transition from the dead financial system to what the empire planned as its replacement: a global financial dictatorship. At the same time, it served to bankrupt the nation-states, the biggest obstacle to this global fascist plan.

The real goal of the British Empire is to turn back the clock to when it ruled the world in its own name, before the American Revolution changed the balance of power. Its scheme to do so revolves around sharp reductions in global population. That is, genocide. The bailout, the phony “man-made global warming” scare around which the Copenhagen conference was organized, and the accelerating, born-in-Britain, police-state measures, are all elements of a plan to impose crushing austerity.

This evil scheme, ironically, is what dooms the Brutish Empire. By destroying the physical-economic basis for life, the empire is destroying the basis for its own existence, and the basis for the existence of civilization itself. If they kill us all, they kill themselves, too.

Now, or Not in Our Lifetimes

The collapse that began in mid-2007 has continued, unabated (seeFigure 1). Sometimes it breaks into the headlines, as with the open panic of September 2008, while other times, it travels under the protective screen of the corporate media and the government’s statistical fraud. But it is always there. And the losses keep growing, as the real economy collapses beneath the financial games.

Out in the real world, away from the press releases, the spin doctors, the phony statistics, and the rest of the fog machine, it’s nothing but collapse. In the U.S., we see record numbers of foreclosures, and the rapid growth of “Obamaville” tent cities. Jobs are disappearing at a staggering clip, setting the stage for more foreclosures, more bankruptcies, more losses for merchants and lenders. Revenues of state and local governments are vaporizing, forcing them to make even deeper cuts in services already cut beyond tolerable limits, and raising taxes on a population that is sinking deeper and deeper into economic misery. The situation is untenable, and unsustainable—and the worst is yet to come.

This is not a linear process that will play out over the next decade or so. When Lyndon LaRouche declared in his July 25, 2007 webcast that the global financial system had died, many failed to listen. Wall Street, though panic was spreading internally, insisted all was well, the system was sound, ad nauseam.

Yet, by the end of 2007, the Fed and the European Central Bank had launched extraordinary bailout facilities—and, in March 2008, Bear Stearns effectively failed. Then, in September, barely a year after LaRouche’s declaration, Treasury Secretary Henry Paulson went before Congress to demand the immediate passage of the TARP bailout scheme, to stop the in-progress meltdown of the global financial system. Paulson got his TARP (Troubled Asset Relief Program), which only accelerated the meltdown.

The fools claim that the bailout worked, that the collapse has not only been arrested, but reversed. But how can that be, when all that was done was to pile even more debt atop a mountain of already unpayable debt, while the power of the physical economy to pay that debt has sharply declined? The “bailers” may have broken the psychology of panic for a while, but they have solved nothing. And, in the process, they have turned trillions of dollars of private debt, into government-guaranteed debt, and triggered the hyperinflation of the dollar. The policy has not only been a failure, it has been a nation-killing failure. We will not survive, if we continue down this path.

Thus, we enter 2010 at a turning point. Our current trajectory, under the fascist policies of the British Empire and its stooges, is into a dark oblivion—an oblivion far too many among us have been forced to glimpse. If we continue down this path, we will not survive the year. The alternative, the reorganization-and-recovery plan outlined by LaRouche, provides us with a way to climb out of the pit—but only if it is implemented now. In 2010, our world is going to change for the better, or it will change, almost unimaginably, for the worse.

Defeat the British Empire

If mankind is to survive, we must finally defeat the oligarchic pestilence and its imperial monetary system. Not reach an agreement with it; not put it at a disadvantage; but end its power over the human race. We must, as sovereign nations, once again take control over our own money, and direct our spending into areas that promote the general welfare. That means infrastructure projects, economic development, rebuilding and expanding our productive base. It means putting our people back to work in productive jobs which benefit society as a whole. It means returning to science and technology, setting new goals and exceeding them. It means putting human settlements on Mars, as a jumping-off point for exploring the universe in which we live.

The biggest single obstacle to all of this is that medieval monstrosity known as the British Empire. It is the empire which is the beneficiary of the bailout program, at the expense of the people. It is the empire that pushes the superstition known as “man-made global warming,” as a way of shutting down human progress and killing off two-thirds of the world’s population. It is the empire that relentlessly pushes the police state, by staging phony incidents and using those incidents to justify ever more intrusive and un-Constitutional measures. It is the empire that plays on our impulses to keep us dumb, blind, and passive, while it destroys all we hold dear.

But the British Empire is also irrational, a wild beast acting on instinct as it tries to protect a world view that should long ago have passed into history. Its effort to use the Copenhagen Climate Change summit to set up what amounts to a world government under the guise of environmental concerns, was a failure, as many nations chose survival over submission. Though it is still powerful, and far from defeated, for the first time in a long time, the smell of its own blood is in the water.

It is, after all, the British Empire’s derivatives-fuelled financial system which collapsed. They failed, and then demanded that we commit suicide to rescue them. In the U.S., the Federal government quickly complied, but the population rebelled, and that rebellion has become a major factor of resistance. President Obama and the Democratic leadership in Congress have given the Brits virtually everything they demanded, but they are increasingly hated for doing so. And their power is eroding by the minute.

Other nations, seeing this rising resistance in the U.S., and knowing the Hell which awaits them if they capitulate to British demands, are emboldened to defend their own sovereignty. The Russia-China economic development accords, signed in October 2009, are a good example of this, and a demonstration that we can buck the empire and survive. This process escalated at Copenhagen, drying up the British wet dream of global dictatorship.

The fight is not over, but it has begun—and that is the most positive step of 2009. LaRouche, as the most creative generator of ideas alive today, is the driver of this movement toward a new Renaissance. He is the general who can win the war, and he needs your support.

2010 is the year all those who agree with LaRouche must come out publicly and say so, and support the LaRouche Plan. Don’t be afraid, don’t hide behind institutional excuses, or throw up other silly barriers. It is time for all good men and women to take a stand, to support LaRouche and the principles embodied in the U.S. Constitution. Join us on the front lines, and enjoy striking a blow for freedom.

It is time to finally retire the little shrinking queen and her army of sycophants, and put the world back on track. They deserve it, and so do the rest of us. Let us make 2010 the first year of the new Renaissance.

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A Heroic Call for Peace

A Heroic Call for Peace

by Elyssa Paige

Every man must decide whether he will walk in the light of creative altruism or in the darkness of destructive selfishness. This is the judgment. Life’s most persistent and urgent question is, What are you doing for others?” – Martin Luther King, Jr.

protestExcitement filled the brisk winter air as I hurried toward the voices rising in the night, louder and louder: “What do we want? Peace! When do we want it? Now!” The passion was contagious; I found myself chanting along while the cars whizzing by honked in support.

The protest was being held in front of Congresswoman Susan Davis’ office in San Diego, CA on December 2—the day after President Obama’s announcement to escalate military forces in Afghanistan. Specifically, the decision was to send 30,000 more young men and women to battle, bringing the total number of troops to 100,000. Withdrawal is not set to begin until July 2011.

First of all, let’s not fool ourselves. This is no surprise. In the midst of Obama’s campaign for hope and change last year was the not-so-thinly-veiled mention of his plan to withdraw from Iraq—but increase troops in Afghanistan. I voted for him anyway because I found him to be a better choice than his opponent, who had militaristic intentions too. The fact is that as we strive to end one war, we focus on fighting another. So the status quo remains—slightly modified, of course.

Now what?

Activism. It’s what stopped Vietnam. If we wait for change and passively hope for peace, it won’t come. We have to make it happen. We have to make our government listen to us. Remember that the word democracy comes from the Greek demokratia, or demos, meaning “common people,” and kratos, meaning “rule, strength.” Democracy is rule by the people. But who’s really ruling here?

I talked to some activists to find out. Rick Greenblatt of the San Diego Coalition for Peace and Justice explained, “We know now that the majority of the American people—53 percent according to a recent poll—are in favor of the withdrawal of American troops in Afghanistan, either immediately or within a year. What we need to do is convert that into a movement that has the social power to force the situation to change.”

But as I looked around this protest, I saw what seemed to be a devoted small group—not quite the masses. If the majority of the people want peace, where were they on this night?

Activist Rio Mezta offered a poignant explanation: “I think that apathy is becoming a part of the norm in this society and the government is doing a really good job of making people afraid to speak out. An essential part to being an activist is to get out there, to raise consciousness, to create awareness, and to show others that it’s okay to speak out.”

The activists who are making their voices heard out in the streets define heroism. They are fearlessly rallying for a cause that goes beyond their personal worlds. They call upon us to recognize, for example, how funds are being redirected from our flailing domestic economy to lands overseas. As activist Susan Orlofsky held her sign up high urging, “No More War $Funding$,” she pointed out: “There are so many needy people here. With one quarter of our children in poverty, it’s just cuckoo to go there and spend $100 billion a year—that’s $1 million per soldier.” Meanwhile, Afghan President Hamid Karzai recently announced that his country will need help paying for its own security until at least 2024. Time will tell about the withdrawal promised in 2011.

warBeyond financial bottom lines is the immeasurable impact of war upon the innocent people whose homes become battlefields in our absurd effort to fight terrorism with more terror. The United Nations reported 2,118 Afghan civilian deaths in 2008 and 1,013 in the first six months of 2009—a 24 percent increase compared to that time period the year before.

But Obama called the escalation of troops a matter of safety when he announced his decision December 1:

“If I did not think that the security of the United States and the safety of the American people were at stake in Afghanistan, I would gladly order every single one of our troops home tomorrow. So, no, I do not make this decision lightly. I make this decision because I am convinced that our security is at stake in Afghanistan and Pakistan. This is the epicenter of violent extremism practiced by Al Qaeda. It is from here we were attacked on 9/11 and it is from here that new attacks are being plotted as I speak.”

That line of thought sounds eerily reminiscent of Obama’s predecessor. And these activists are not buying it. Greenblatt charged, “We don’t believe that sending more troops to Afghanistan increases the security of the American people; we actually believe that wars for empires are worse for security. The best thing that we could do is withdraw troops from Afghanistan and Iraq.”

The most amazing part about this protest was the diversity among the activists. There were socialists, progressives, peaceniks, members of the gay community, and war veterans, to name a few. Richard Trujillo, Vietnam vet and retired train operator from the Bay Area observed, “As you can see here, there are a number of different views. We’re all interconnected. People get active when they see others doing it. The diversity in the activism is something they remember. That’s the real hope.”

Joshua Nadier voiced a similar sentiment when he put down his megaphone to share his perspective: “I’m really big into women’s rights and the anti-war movement. As a gay male wanting to have equality for myself, I’m willing to fight for everyone’s equality, including people in other countries who don’t have a choice over what the hell our government is doing. This is my way of trying to help.”
If that doesn’t sound like a hero, then I don’t know what does.

Pakistani insurgency targets Shiites

ISLAMABAD, Pakistan, Jan. 5 (UPI) — The militant insurgency that has taken an enormous human toll in many regions of Pakistan in recent months assumed a sectarian dimension last week as it turned its fury on the country’s minority Shiite Muslims.

In so doing, the militants added Karachi, the country’s largest city, a major port and the financial center, and Muzaffarabad, capital of Pakistan-controlled Kashmir province, to its list of targeted cities for spreading mayhem.

Prior to that, Karachi and Muzaffarabad had been spared the worst of the violence of the past four months in which hundreds have died, with civilians from all walks of life taking the brunt.

The Karachi and Muzaffarabad attacks were purely sectarian in that they were aimed at the Shiites, who account for about 20 percent of the 174 million population in Sunni-majority Pakistan.

What was especially tragic in the two incidents was that the killers chose to attack their victims during the holy month of Muharram when Shiites take out religious processions to mourn the death of their 7th century Imam Hussein, who died in the Iraqi city of Karbala. At least 10 died in the Dec. 27 Muzaffarabad attack and 43 in the Dec. 28 Karachi bombing, and scores more were injured.

Sectarian violence is not uncommon in Pakistan, but the fact that the latest incidents occurred in the current violence-ridden environment made authorities even more concerned and pointed to how far the insurgency has spread in the country from the militants’ sanctuaries in the tribal regions.

In the Muzaffarabad blast, authorities said the attacker blew himself up when stopped by security guards. The BBC reported the militants have also used Muzaffarabad to set up camps for their groups to launch attacks against the Indian army on the Indian side of Kashmir.

In the Karachi blast, the attacker or attackers reportedly succeeded in blending with others in the procession despite heavy security.

As people turned their anger against authorities following the attacks, Karachi Mayor Mustafa Kamal urged them not to clash with police and doctors, saying “that is what terrorists are aiming at,” Britain’s Daily Telegraph reported.

Pakistani President Asif Ali Zardari said the extremists are trying “to turn the fight against militants into a sectarian clash and make the people fight against one another,” The New York Times reported.

Pakistan’s Dawn newspaper said losses from the Karachi blast, which occurred near a large wholesale market area, were estimated at about $350 million. The report said fires resulting from the blast and subsequent rioting gutted about 3,000 shops in the area, idling about 10,000 employees. Many of the shops destroyed by the fire were not insured, the report said.

The attack on the Shiites was seen as another tactic by the militants to further weaken the embattled Zardari government and disrupt the military’s counterinsurgency offensive in South Waziristan.

Talat Masood, a former army general and currently a security analyst, told The New York Times the Karachi blast was likely the work of Lashkar-e-Jhangvi, a group with links to al-Qaida and the Pakistan Taliban with past involvement in sectarian violence.

“The Taliban and the jihadi elements are very much opposed to Shiites, and this suits their double purpose of destabilizing the state while creating despondency amongst the people, and especially the Shiite,” Masood said.

Early reports said the Taliban had claimed responsibility for the Karachi attack. But two days later Azam Tariq, a spokesman for the Pakistan Taliban, said the group had no involvement, Dawn reported.

Tariq also was quoted as saying the earlier claim of Taliban responsibility made by militant commander Azmatullah Shaheen was baseless and that Shaheen had “acted on his own will.”

Separately, Pakistan’s Daily News reported that Tariq, speaking to the newspaper on telephone from an undisclosed location, said Shaheen’s claim may have referred to his own group.

In a Dec. 30 editorial, Dawn said: “No one can say with certainty whether Monday’s attack was motivated solely by sectarian hatred or if it is part of the wider menace of Taliban-inspired terrorism. Many seem inclined towards the latter view, arguing that the blast was aimed at provoking sectarian strife and opening up a new front to further destabilize a country that is already at war. It could also be part of the general campaign to raise fear levels to a point where the public starts questioning the wisdom of the army crackdown on militancy.”

Whatever their motivation, the militants struck again last Friday, just days after the Karachi killings. The target this time was a sports field in the town of Lakki Marwat in northwest Pakistan, where a suicide bomber driving an explosives-laden vehicle set off a blast while a volleyball game was in progress. At last count, the death toll had risen to nearly 100.

India’s Afghanistan dilemma

India’s Afghanistan dilemma

India may be able to help stabilise Afghanistan, but it must tread carefully to avoid inflaming old tensions with Pakistan

When Obama proclaimed an 18-month deadline for his Afghan “surge”, he had two purposes. One was to assuage the concerns of the anti-war constituency back home. The other was to provide a wake-up call to countries in the region who will, so the reasoning goes, pay the highest price for continuing instability in Afghanistan.

That call is being answered in India, where officials are starting to fretover what happens in their neighbourhood when the US starts packing up shop. Shashank Joshi recently made a strong case in the Guardian that now is the time to build on India’s considerable soft power presence in Afghanistan – which consists of development aid, cultural ties and symbolic projects such as the building of the new parliament building in Kabul – and combine it with an increased hard power posture.

Others have started to flesh out what that might look like: more combat troops in north and west Afghanistan, and large-scale training programmes for the Afghan national army.

There are two problems with all this. The first is that “filling the vacuum” left by the Americans could easily become “leaping into their quagmire”. It is very much in Obama’s interest to spread the burden, and the difficulties he faces in extricating the US from the Long War ought to be a sobering lesson for those seeking to step up their involvement.

The other problem is Pakistan, whose military establishment dreads the prospect of an India-friendly government on its western flank and may sponsor further militancy against Indian interests in retaliation. Advocates of a bigger Indian footprint in Afghanistan argue that they should not kowtow to the neurotic concerns of a paranoid Pakistani establishment. They are wrong, for it is that very neurosis that is India’s real enemy – much more so than the Taliban or even the militant cells seeking a repeat of the Mumbai attacks. India may be able to contribute positively to a more stable Afghanistan, but the starting point for any policy decision must be how it will play with the Pakistanis.

What has somehow been lost in this discussion is the central role of Kashmir. When Obama was still on the campaign trail, he frequently called for a comprehensive regional solution linking Kashmir to problems on the AfPak border. But once in office, things changed. When Richard Holbrooke was appointed special representative for Afghanistan and Pakistan, it was notable that his brief did not include India or Kashmir. The reason for the change of heart, it turned out, was that India hadintensively lobbied Washington to leave Kashmir off Holbrooke’s agenda, incensed at the idea of outside interference. India’s wishes have been realised: not once did the word “Kashmir” appear in Obama’s Afghan strategy speech at the start of December.

And yet it is common knowledge that Kashmir remains priority number one for the Pakistani military and the main reason for its reluctance to commit fully to the US effort in Afghanistan. The whole point of Pakistan’s support for the Taliban during the 1990s – and in a more nuanced fashion to the present day – has been to give it “strategic depth” in its long-term struggle with India.

Having successfully isolated the Kashmir issue, Indian hawks now risk treating Afghanistan as if it, too, were a stand-alone problem. Keen to exert their growing regional influence, they ask: “What can we do to support the government in Kabul and bolster Indian interests there?” when the key question should be: “How will our actions be perceived by the Pakistani establishment and will it encourage them to crackdown on terrorists in their midst?”

Pakistan’s neurosis cannot simply be dismissed – it is the hammer that will continue to drive a wedge between the two countries for as long as it exists. No amount of military superiority or regional influence will ever make India truly safe from another terrorist strike while the Kashmir question remains unresolved. Part of the Pakistani neurosis stems from a history of violence between the two, but recent years have surely added an element of resentment to the mix. How easy can it be to watch as India extricates itself in the world’s eyes from the old India-Pakistan dynamic – which conjured images of intractable conflict, wasted potential and the threat of imminent nuclear war – to forge a new hyphenation of India-China, which speaks instead of booming growth figures, acceptance into the civil nuclear club, and banquets at the White House? This is how the world increasingly looks on India – as a potential superpower for the 21st century – while Pakistan remains mired in the past, playing out centuries-old battles between Shia and Sunni, Mehsud and Wazir, and looking to a future already mortgaged to foreign debtors.

The harsh reality that Indians face is that despite frequently being the victim of aggression in recent years – from the bombing of its parliament in December 2001 to the Mumbai attacks of November 2008 – the impetus for change must come from them. With a landslide election victory last April, its government has the political capital for bold moves that its counterpart in Islamabad lacks.

Reflecting his strong position, the Indian prime minister Manmohan Singh took a brave first step towards restarting negotiations (which have been stalled since Mumbai) when he signed a joint declaration on terrorism with Zardari in July 2009. He did so despite the inclusion of suggestions that India has supported separatist insurgents in Pakistan’s Baluchistan province, for which there is little or no proof. Inevitably, this did not play well back in India, but the prime minister understood that the aim cannot be one of apportioning blame – the decades have created simply too much on both sides for that to be productive.

Rather, India’s goal must be to build a new trust, ease anxieties and find a way for Pakistan to share in some of the benefits that relative stability has brought. This does not preclude India from offering assistance to Afghanistan, but whatever form that takes must be determined with a clear understanding of how it will impact on Kashmir negotiations and the broader anxieties of a neighbour to which it is inextricably tied.

Israeli airport security in spotlight after foiled attack


Israeli airport security in spotlight after foiled attack

TEL AVIV: As airports across the world tighten security after a foiled Christmas Day attack on a US-bound plane, security experts claim Israeli profiling methods would have stopped the would-be bomber on the ground.

Israel’s strict airport screening, based in part on the ethnicity of passengers, has proved controversial but highly successful so far.

A 23-year-old Nigerian, whose name appeared on a US list of suspected Al-Qaeda activists, boarded an Amsterdam-bound plane from Lagos and then a flight to Detroit with explosives sewn into his underwear.

He was not detained until passengers overpowered him as he tried to detonate the explosives.

“Current security checks at airports across the world are aimed at finding explosives or weapons, but not at identifying the terrorists,” said Shlomo Harnoy, the head of Sdema Group, an Israeli security consultancy.

“A young Muslim travelling alone on a ticket paid with cash and without luggage would have been immediately identified and searched,” he said.

Israel’s passenger profiling, applied for decades at the country’s Ben Gurion international airport and by Israeli airlines abroad, entails assessing the risk posed by a passenger according to his nationality, ethnicity, background and behaviour.

Israeli security agents consider passengers with Arab or Muslim background as potentially high threats.

Agents at airports interview passengers in a process that for some takes just a few minutes, but for others is an exhaustive questioning at times followed by a thorough body and luggage search.

The procedure has drawn some criticism, but security officials consider it extremely effective. No aircraft departing Ben Gurion has ever been hijacked or bombed. The only attack on the airport, in 1972, was carried out by gunmen who had arrived on a foreign carrier.

As many countries tightened their airport security after the September 11, 2001 attacks in the United States, Israel did not change its screening methods.

An official with the Shin Bet domestic security agency declined to comment directly on the security level at Ben Gurion following the Christmas attempt, but said “we are constantly re-evaluating the situation and the threats”.

Other countries though have yet to respond effectively to the new threats, said Harnoy, a former head of Shin Bet’s aviation security section.

Even the latest US decision to apply enhanced security measures on flights from 14 nations is unlikely to prove effective, he said.

“Al-Qaeda is always one step ahead of technology,” said Harnoy.

Defence ministry spokesman Shlomo Dror, a former aviation security officer, believes Washington is wasting huge sums of money on security procedures “which are not very effective”.

“Sweeping orders to confiscate water bottles and checking shoes are folly and pointless.”

Both Harnoy and Dror believe that combining profiling methods with cutting edge technology is the best way to keep flights safe.

“There needs to be a general shift in the perception of the threat abroad… The Americans use random checks which are useless. Technology must be used far more effectively,” Harnoy said.

“The assumption is that the main threat comes from Muslims. We can develop profiling systems for anywhere in the world.”

But applying ethnic profiling in the United States and many other countries would be certain to cause massive uproar and could prove unconstitutional.

Obama admits intelligence failures over jet bomb plot

[The latest false-flag incident has turned into a defining moment for the Obama Administration–will he opt for accountability and perhaps a cure for America’s rogue intelligence agencies, or will he “stay the course” and meekly accept a dozen excuses and an unbelievable string of coincidences, treating the whole episode an an unfortunate goof-up, while using it as justification for humiliating strip searches for people wanting to come to and fly away from the United States?  Government leaders want us to trust the CIA and the rest to lead this intelligence-driven war, yet, if it wasn’t for countless mistakes made by these same all-powerful agencies we might have avoided the 911 attacks in the first place.  We are asked to give our blessing to a gigantic expansion of Pentagon war-making authority, even though the clearly unprofessional mistakes made by our military on September 11 allowed 19 terrorists with box-cutters to turn airliners into guided missiles, while our highly-vaunted Air Force did nothing to stop any of this.  It all boils down to this–we are waging war upon the world because of our intelligence agencies’ incompetence or complicity in terror attacks upon Americans, instead of cleaning-out the agencies and fixing what they mucked-up.    SEE: MSNBC Report Hints At Rogue Network In False Flag Op]

Obama admits intelligence failures over jet bomb plot

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US security agencies had enough intelligence to disrupt a plot to blow up a plane last month, but failed to act, President Barack Obama has said.

The intelligence community had failed to “connect the dots”, Mr Obama said, adding: “That’s not acceptable, and I will not tolerate it.”

Enhanced airport screening and a review of the US watch-list system were ordered after the 25 December attempt.

A Nigerian man known to US officials has been charged over the alleged plot.

Umar Farouk Abdulmutallab, 23, later gave “actionable” intelligence to US officials, the White House said.

His name was in a US database of about 550,000 suspected terrorists, but was not on a list that would have subjected him to additional security screening or kept him from boarding the flight to Detroit.

‘Red flags’

Mr Abdulmutallab was allegedly trained in Yemen – a country that has come under increased scrutiny from the US since his arrest.

Mark Mardell
The president doesn’t do anger easily, indeed was criticised for failing to emote fury after the plot itself, but it can’t have been a comfortable meeting
Mark Mardell
BBC North America editor

The US suspended the repatriation of Yemeni prisoners from its Guantanamo Bay detention centre in the wake of the plot, but Mr Obama reiterated that he would push on with his plan eventually to close the prison.

Mr Obama spoke on Tuesday after being briefed on security reviews ordered after Mr Abdulmutallab’s arrest.

Secretary of State Hillary Clinton, Defence Secretary Robert Gates, Homeland Security Secretary Janet Napolitano, CIA Director Leon Panetta and FBI Director Robert Mueller were among those who attended the security meeting in Washington.

In his remarks, Mr Obama said the US intelligence community had known of “red flags” indicating plans by al-Qaeda in the Arabian Peninsula to strike US targets in Yemen and the US.

He said officials now knew that al-Qaeda had been working with Mr Abdulmutallab.

“But our intelligence community failed to connect those dots, which would have placed the suspect on the no-fly list.

“In other words, this was not a failure to collect intelligence, it was a failure to integrate and understand the intelligence that we already had.”

An official checks passengers' documents at Ronald Reagan Washington National Airport in Arlington, Virginia, 29 December 2009

He had stern words for the analysts and officers who had access to the information.

“I will accept that intelligence by its nature is imperfect, but it is increasingly clear that intelligence was not fully analysed or fully leveraged,” he said.

Mr Obama used sharper words during the closed-door meeting, the White House said.

“This was a screw-up that could have been disastrous,” it quoted him as telling officials. “We dodged a bullet but just barely.”

Director of National Intelligence Dennis Blair later said US intelligence agencies had to be able to stop such attempted attacks.

“The intelligence community received the president’s message today – we got it, and we are moving forward to meet the new challenges,” he said.

He added that intelligence officials had made “considerable progress” in collection and analysis of information and in improving collaboration, although they needed to strengthen their ability to stop “new tactics”.

Mr Blair’s position was created in the wake of the 11 September 2001 attacks in the US, amid efforts to improve intelligence co-ordination.

The White House said on Tuesday Mr Obama was standing by three of his top security officials, including Mr Blair.

But the BBC’s Richard Lister in Washington says that given Mr Obama’s comments, it seems likely that there will be some kind of shake-up and that heads will roll.

Yemen security concern

White House spokesman Robert Gibbs told the media on Tuesday that Mr Abdulmutallab had “spent a number of hours with FBI investigators in which we gleaned usable, actionable intelligence”.

The suspect began his journey in Lagos, Nigeria, and changed planes at Schiphol airport in Amsterdam, in the Netherlands.

A diverse range of observers, in Yemen and abroad, agree that a heavy-handed counter-terrorism strategy will create more problems than it will solve

Nigeria, Somalia and Yemen were among the 14 countries singled out by Washington for enhanced security measures for travellers, introduced on Monday.

Countries considered by the US to be sponsors of terrorism – Cuba, Iran, Sudan and Syria – were also included.

The move sparked objections by some of the states. Cuba said it had summoned the US ambassador to make a formal protest, the Associated Press news agency reported.

Since the incident, officials have moved dozens of names on to “watch” and “no-fly” lists, as they seek to overhaul security, a White House spokesman said on Tuesday.

Those on the watch-list are subject to extra security checks, while those on the no-fly list are not allowed to board flights to the US.

Yemen-based al-Qaeda in the Arabian Peninsula said last week it had trained and equipped Mr Abdulmutallab for the plane plot.

The US re-opened its embassy in Yemen on Tuesday, following what it called successful counter-terrorism operations by government security forces on Monday north of the capital.

Yemeni authorities have tightened security measures at Sanaa’s airport, as well as around several other embassies.


If the Following Report Is Real, It is the Proof That Pakistan Has Been Looking For

[If the following report is what it claims to be, a declassified RAW document, then it spells-out the Mossad/RAW/CIA plot against Pakistan, that many of us have been trying to expose.  Someone with intelligence background should check it out.]

Summer offensive report:

March 06, 2006

Part 1 of many to follow [ if i live after this… :) ].


Foreign Intelligence Unit (13)
Operations Desk

CIT – “X” Operations

Though the peace offensive (confidence building measures) through the Composite Dialogue process continues, RAW continues to actively engage in its power play to rock the boat and encircle the enemy. Method of two-prong attack—“Peace through dialogue and war through RAW”— is running superbly.

Tactics of the dragon policy.

Pakistani Intelligence agencies are employing Hindus and even Muslims as militants who cross into India.

In retaliation to the unending terrorist pursuits of Pakistan; RAW and MOSSAD had conceived the summer offensive a year ago. Modus operandi has been successful – brief on operational tactics follows:

Intelligence has successfully taped known international drug and mafia dons against Pakistan. CIT ‘X’ and some international crooks with people of Indian origin pay Pakistan in the same coin. CIT ‘X’ is effectively training agents for covert operations in Pakistan. Under the Vajpayee government, the CIT ‘X’ and other sensitive organizations were authorized to strengthen contacts with ‘sleeping agents’, and recruit new front men to carry out covert operations in Pakistan.

We have also engaged all possible international criminals and mercenaries, including Afgans for covert purposes during LK Advani’s tenure in the Home Ministry. Just before the Indian parliamentary elections, officials have met the international criminal council “somewhere” in South East Asia and assured Indian Government’s continued support. CIT ‘X’ is actively involved in drug trafficking to finance its covert operations.

Illegal poppy is being cultivated in bulk in Himachal Pradesh, Arunachal Pradesh, Manipur, Mizoram and Uttar Pradesh. Dharamshala as a result has become one of the most infamous centers of drugs in Himachal Pradesh. Drug barons have close links with their Afghan counterparts and completely controlled and continuously monitored by various intelligence agencies. According to current statistics, 25 per cent of Indian poppy is being diverted into illegal markets worldwide. The booming poppy crop in Himachal Pradesh and Northeast region has led to deployment of local refining laboratories to make heroin. India today stands as the fifth largest country in the world in the production of illicit opium. Laos is 4th with 20 metric tons and has direct tie up with RAW and internal drug barons. Some people of Indian origin living in Surinam and Holland have been engaged to facilitate Indian agencies in drug trafficking. Under the benign patronage of CIT ‘X’, the ‘business’ of drug trafficking is flourishing, and the money earned is accounted for and is being directed towards covert activities in Pakistan.

The summer offensive includes establishment of 57 training camps in Occupied Kashmir, East Punjab, Uttar Pradesh, Rajasthan, Gujarat, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Karnataka and Assam to train and launch terrorists inside Pakistan. Trainees are generally drawn from the Indian hatched dissident groups of Mohajir Qaumi Movement (MQM), Jiye Sindh Mohaz (JSM), Jiye Sindh Students Federation (JSF) and Balochi nationalists and other nationalist groups from various parts of Sindh, Balochistan and Tribal Areas.

Offensive under Diplomatic Cover.The MOSSAD hand

Most of the Indian Embassies/Consulates around the world are being used as dens for hatching RAW plots. The set-ups are grouped together on regional basis under one head, known as the RAW center. This includes the espionage efforts as well as the subversion, sabotage and terrorism oriented operations. For Pakistan RAW centers at London, Dubai, Iran, and South Africa operate against Pakistan jointly with Israeli MOSSAD. However, for its summer offensive, RAW, in a joint effort with MOSSAD has laid out a whole network around Pakistan, to ensnare it in a trap and tighten the noose around it through destabilization.

India has opened Consulates (IOC’s) in Kandahar, Jalalabad, Mazar-e-Sharif and Herat, besides having an oversized diplomatic mission in Kabul.

Kandahar and Jalalabad are near the borders of Pakistan, which insinuates many things. The ongoing Wana operation is being fed cash, weapons and ammunition indirectly by RAW operatives under cover of Al-Qaeda. MOSSAD and AMMAN have also contributed heavily towards the funding and material requirements for these operations. The direct result of this was the effective slaying of 121 Pakistani regular infantry soldiers on Nov 8th’2004, just 3 days after the infusion of war material and assistance in logistics and planning operations of the tribals by operatives of RAW.

Ministry of Information and Security (MOIS). The IRANI involvement:

Iran, having contiguous borders with Pakistan, is a hotbed of intrigues and constant source of support and inspiration to RAW functionaries. The Indian Embassy at Tehran and Consulates in Zahidan, Mashhad and Bandar Abbas are actively engaged in establishing links with disgruntled elements of Balochistan and Sindh for destabilizing these provinces. Iran also serves as a base for fomenting sectarian trouble in Pakistan. Irani intelligence has been providing reliable information and support to RAW operations by using disgruntled Shia elements in Pakistan.

This intelligence model is a improvement on the practices of MOSSAD, which has infiltrated several Jewish agents into the occupied territory of Palestine as Muslims. These agents practice Islam like any ordinary Muslim. They say prayers in mosques, observe fast during Ramadan, and mingle into local Muslim population just to wait for the appropriate time to strike. During the armed struggle in former East Pakistan, Indian army regulars, after they were physically made to look like Muslims and taught Bangla, were pushed into East Pakistan to fight as Mukti Bahini against the Pakistan Army.”

The summer offensive of RAW includes working on ethnic, regional, parochial and secular themes, which include Sindhu Desh Movement in Sindh, Saraiki Movement in Punjab, Tribal Balochis in the name of Greater Balochistan and taking advantage of Northern Alliance Government in Afghanistan and using its tentacles at Kabul, Jalalabad, Khost, Kandahar and Spin Boldak, the tribals in Waziristan and Balochistan are continuously being kept activated for fomenting trouble – while Taliban and Al-Qaeda are getting the blame and Pakistan gets the rap for “not doing enough” by US and “FRIENDLY” Afghan authorities.

After the Indian consulate in Karachi was wound up. RAW started maintaining contacts in their sources/links in Pakistan through their consulates at Zahidan and Dubai. Most of the staff at Indian Consulate in Zahidan is from intelligence/security organisations including RAW, Intelligence Bureau and Military Intelligence. The sizeable cover staff in their Embassy at Dubai under the pretence of tourist traffic. The set-ups are dedicated units mainly responsible for promoting ethnic unrest in Pakistan. They continue to provide financial and material support to various regionalist/sectarian parties in Sindh and Balochistan

UAE Angle:

UAE is being used as a launching pad for terrorist activities in Pakistan. Agents are getting hold of young, disgruntled elements and after carrying out their proper brainwashing, they are dispatched to Dubai. Indian Consulate in Dubai is issuing temporary passport to these activists for getting training/briefing. After completion of their formal training, they are launched into Pakistan to carry out their terrorist/sabotage activities.

To cripple the economy of Pakistan, RAW has taken it upon itself the responsibility of pumping fake currency into Pakistan through various illegal means. RAW and various Indian and Foreign Intelligence Agencies have also been patronizing various local dissident groups in Pakistan. As mentioned, the prominent ones are – Sindhi Desh Movement in Sindh, Saraiki Movement in Punjab and tribal Balochis in the name of Greater Balochistan.

To fan flames of Sindhi Desh Movement, subversive literature, published from Bombay and Jammu eg, Sindh Sujag, Sindh Rises; Sindh Parcham, Sangat and lot of other subversive material is being pumped into Sindh clandestinely. With regard to support for the Saraiki Movement, it is worth mentioning that we are morally and materially supporting the Saraiki Movement in southern Punjab. Regional Political Parties like Saraiki Suba Mahaz, Pakistan Saraiki Party and Saraiki Sahilya Sangam are being effectively sponsored. Their operators in southern Punjab are being supported by accepting Saraiki as the second state language in Indian-held Punjab. All India Radio/TV are regularly broadcasting various Saraiki programmes. Subversive literature in huge quantity is being published on the subject.

The success of RAW/MOSSAD/MOIS activities is reflected in the fact that a section of respected and influential intellectuals have started voicing for the cause of Punjab/Punjabis from the platform of World Punjabi Congress. This has effectively started the trend of widening the gulf of misunderstanding among various provinces of Pakistan.

RAW is also involved in sponsoring Balwaristan Movement. It is being organised under Abdul Hamid, self-styled chairman of his own faction of Balwaristan National Front (BNF) based in Delhi. The Front is working for the independence of Northern Areas. It has been inculcating into Pakistan and highly subversive material from abroad.


Pakistan has been effectively engaged in for a long hot summer as the summer offensive continues. Despite fencing the LoC with a highly sophisticated system of monitors and sensors, and reducing infiltration to 92%, India on the diplomatic front must continue to persist in blaming Pakistan for “cross-border terrorism” and “infiltrating militants” while it foments trouble deep inside Pakistani economic and military centers. It should be noted that the problems created by Pakistan in the state of Jammu and Kashmir tend to hurt Pakistan more on the economic, military and diplomatic front.

The key to lasting peace is not merely on the diplomatic approach but by making genuine efforts to encircle and balkanize the Pakistani economic and military establishment, thereby giving India the command and control of influencing Pakistani and as an extension Chinese foreign policy.