Islamists see Israeli military order as “direct threat” to Jordan

Islamists see Israeli military order as "direct threat" to Jordan

A Jordanian Islamist political party Tuesday said an Israeli military decision that could mean the expulsion of tens of thousands of Palestinians from the West Bank posed a “direct threat” to the Hashemite Kingdom,DPA reported.

“A plan by the Zionist occupation authorities to expel thousands of Palestinians from the West Bank represents a direct threat to Jordan,” Hassan Thuneibat, of the Islamic Action Front (IAF), Jordan’s largest opposition group.

According to the order, which goes into effect on Tuesday, any Palestinian who does not hold an Israeli residence permit in the West Bank as “infiltrator” and should be deported, according to the Israeli newspaper Haaretz.

The ordinance was mainly directed against Palestinians from the Gaza Strip, which is controlled by the radical Hamas group.

Israeli and Arab media claimed the order could lead to the expulsion of more than 70,000 Palestinians from the West Bank.

“The Palestinians are being evicted from their land while Israel is attracting thousands of Jews from across the world to historical Palestine,” Thuneibat said.

He urged the Jordanian government to “face this decision firmly because it comes in the course of continued building of settlements and judaizing of Jerusalem”.

The Jordanian government has issued a statement condemning any Israeli move to expel Palestinians from the West Bank and said it upheld the right of Palestinians “to live anywhere on their national soil”.


Engineers of Human Souls: The Pentagon’s Cult of Killing Strikes Again

[SEE: Human Nature Is the Enemy of the State]

Engineers of Human Souls: The Pentagon’s Cult of Killing Strikes Again

Chris Floyd

April 12, 2010

In the light of this:

Iraq War Vet: “We Were Told to Just Shoot People, and the Officers Would Take Care of Us” (Dahr Jamail,

and this:

Support the Troops? (John Caruso, A Tiny Revolution)

and this:

Tears of Rage, Tears of Grief: Mass Death Returns to Ishaqi (Empire Burlesque)

and this:

Dead Souls: The Pentagon Plan to Create Remorseless Warfighters(Empire Burlesque)

is there anything really suprising about this? (From Monday’s New York Times):

U.S. Troops Fire on Afghan Bus, Killing at Least 5 Civilians

American troops raked a large passenger bus with gunfire near the southern city of Kandahar on Monday morning, killing as many as five civilians and wounding 18, Afghan authorities and survivors said….

One of the bus passengers and a man who identified himself as the driver said that an American convoy about 70 yards ahead of the bus opened fire as the bus began to pull to the side of the road to allow another military convoy traveling behind to pass. The two convoys and the bus were on the main highway in Sanzari, about 15 miles west of Kandahar city. All of the windows on one side of the bus were shot out …

If the Afghan government’s casualty toll is correct, it would suggest that troops fired scores or even hundreds of rounds. It was not clear why such a large fusillade would have been directed at a passenger bus….

Actually, it is very clear why these troops would have decided to “light up” a bus crammed with civilians that was pulling subserviently off the road to let even more of the occupier’s military muscle barrel through their invaded homeland. It’s because for generations, the Pentagon has been employing every mind-bending technique it can find to turn human beings into killing machines.

And oddly enough, the impetus for this massive, long-term “engineering of human souls” was … the greatest feat of arms in American history: victory in World War II.As I noted in the Moscow Times, way back in 2004:

America calls its soldiers who fought in World War II “the greatest generation.” They are hymned by Hollywood, celebrated by publishers and politicians, hailed at every turn….Yet despite the vast tonnage of celluloid and printer’s ink devoted to their praise, what is perhaps the truest, highest measure of their worth has been almost universally neglected. And what is this hidden glory, which does more honor to the people of the United States than every single military action ordered by their corruption-riddled leaders during the past fifty years? It’s the fact that in the midst of history’s most vicious, all-devouring, inhuman war, only about 15 percent of American soldiers on the battlefield actually tried to kill anyone.

In-depth studies by the U.S. Army after WWII showed that between 80 to 85 percent of the greatest generation never fired their weapons at an exposed enemy in combat, as military psychologist Lt. Colonel Dave Grossman reports. Many times they had the chance, but could not bring themselves to do it. They either withheld their fire altogether or else shot into the air, to the side, anywhere but at the fellow human beings – their blood kin in biology, mind and mortality – facing them across the line. This reticence is even more remarkable given the incessant demonization of the enemy by the top brass, especially in the Pacific, where the Japanese – soldiers and civilians – were routinely portrayed by military propaganda as simian, sub-human creatures fit only for extermination.

Yet even with official license given to the most virulent prejudice .. even with all the moral chaos endemic to warfare, American soldiers, as a whole, killed only with the greatest reluctance, in the direst extremity. These were not “warriors,” bloodthirsty automatons with stripped-down brains and cauterized souls, slavering in Pavlovian fury at the bell-clap of command. No, they were real men, willing, as Grossman notes, to stand up for a cause, even die for it, but not willing, in the end, to transgress the natural law (implanted by God or evolution, take your pick) that says: Do not kill your own kind – and every person of every race and nation is your own kind …

But far from celebrating this example of genuine glory, the military brass were horrified at the low “firing rates” and anemic “kill ratios” of American soldiery. They immediately set about trying to break the next generation of recruits of their natural resistance to slaughtering their own kind. Incorporating the latest techniques for psychological manipulation, new training programs were designed to brutalize the mind and habituate soldiers to the idea of killing automatically, by reflex, “at the bell-clap of command,” without the intervention of any of those inefficient scruples displayed by their illustrious predecessors.

And it worked. The dehumanization process led to a steady rise in firing rates for U.S. soldiers during subsequent conflicts. In the Korean War, 55 percent were ready to pump hot lead into enemy flesh. And by the time the greatest generation’s own children took the field, in Vietnam, the willingness to slaughter was almost total: 95 percent of combat troops there fired with the intent to kill.

And today in occupied Iraq, the brutalizing beat goes on. “Kill, kill, kill, kill, kill, it’s like it pounds in my brain,” a U.S. soldier told the Los Angeles Times last week. Another shrugged at the sight of freshly slaughtered bodies. “It doesn’t bother me at all,” he said. “I’m a warrior. My soldiers, they are all warriors. They have no problems. There’s no place in this Army for men who aren’t warriors.” Said a third: “We talk about killing all the time. I never used to be this way…but it’s like I can’t stop. I’m worried what I’ll be like when I get home.”

Yet strangely enough, this new model army, imbued with eager “warrior spirit,” has not produced the kind of lasting victories won by the reluctant fifteen-percenters of yore. It was stalemated in Korea, defeated in Vietnam, chased out of Lebanon and Somalia, balked in Afghanistan (where 40,000 Taliban troops slipped away to fight again and drug-dealing warlords rule the countryside), while its two excursions into Iraq have ended first in irresolution (with “worse-than-Hitler” Saddam still on his throne) and now in bloody quagmire.

Could it be that the systematic degradation of natural morality and common human feeling – especially in the service of dubious ends – is not actually the best way to achieve national greatness?

:: Article nr. 65008 sent on 12-apr-2010 17:05 ECT


Pak Army Allowing Slow American Takeover of Operations

U.S. military playing expanded role in Pakistan

Adam Entous, Reuters

Mon Apr 12, 2010

WASHINGTON (Reuters) – U.S. Special Operations Forces on a training mission in Pakistan are playing an expanded but largely unseen role in the country’s counterinsurgency campaign, working with paramilitary units to “hold and build” tribal areas as militants are cleared out.

U.S. defense and administration officials say the elite trainers, who currently number more than 100, have not and are not authorized to take part in Pakistani military offensives in the semi-autonomous tribal regions, known as the Federally Administered Tribal Areas, or FATA, along the Afghan border.

Pakistan has balked at U.S. offers of joint military operations there, officials said on condition of anonymity.

But Special Ops trainers play a bigger role than has been widely disclosed in helping Pakistan’s paramilitary Frontier Corps, such as surveying and coordinating projects aimed at winning “hearts and minds” and preventing Taliban fighters from returning to areas once they have been pushed out.

A Pentagon proposal would deepen that role by creating a special $10 million pool of funds the trainers could spend more quickly on civil affairs and humanitarian projects in the FATA in coordination with their Pakistani counterparts.

U.S. defense and administration officials spoke about the training program and the new proposal on condition of anonymity because, as one said, the relatively small American military presence is such a “radioactive” issue in Pakistan.

U.S. and Pakistani officials worry that detailed disclosures about the role of Special Ops could compromise operational security, spark a backlash among Pakistanis against their government and fuel already high anti-American sentiment.

There are 200 U.S. military personnel in Pakistan, including troops who guard the sprawling American Embassy compound in Islamabad. The number of Special Operations trainers fluctuates from as little as 60 to about 120.

A February bombing that killed three Special Operations “civil affairs” specialists in northwest Pakistan partly exposed how small U.S. teams sometimes venture out beyond the confines of heavily guarded military bases.


Washington is in talks to increase the number of Special Ops trainers and authorize sending them to sectors deeper in the tribal regions, but details have yet to be worked out.

“This is in the line of essentially training,” a senior U.S. defense official said of the Special Operations Forces. “This is a part of winning hearts and minds — endearing the public to the military and to the government.”

“We’re in full support, essentially behind the scenes with a Pak-Mil (Pakistani military) face on it, to be able to have them legitimize the government of Pakistan and the military as the people that have brought security to the area and now are providing the initial tools to be able to help and build.”

The $10 million in funds, which has yet to be approved by the Pentagon leadership, would be modeled after the Commanders’ Emergency Response Program, or CERP, which has become a linchpin of U.S. counterinsurgency strategy in Afghanistan and has been credited with helping turn the tide in Iraq.

CERP-funded projects are intended to gain the confidence of local residents and leaders and discourage them from cooperating with insurgents. The program has been authorized for war zones in Afghanistan and Iraq — not Pakistan.

“It does give me some different authorities to be able to assist the government of Pakistan, the Pak-Mil, a little bit quicker, with the right accountability,” the senior U.S. defense official said. “We have controls in place,” he added when asked about congressional concerns about oversight.

At $10 million, the CERP-like funding would represent a tiny fraction of the billions of dollars in U.S. aid promised to Pakistan, although the amount could be expanded later.

As was the case in Iraq and Afghanistan, the senior defense official said a CERP-like program in Pakistan “might be useful, particularly after a conflict-affected area, to immediately, rapidly go in, do quick impact projects that the Pak-Mil have come to us to seek help with, whether it be electricity, whether it be water, whether it be road.”

Alongside large increases in funding to train and equip Pakistani forces for counterinsurgency operations, U.S. President Barack Obama has authorized the CIA to sharply expand a counterterrorism campaign of aerial drone strikes against al Qaeda and Taliban targets near the Afghan border.

Under the proposal, the $10 million would come out of State Department economic assistance funding for Pakistan, officials briefed on the matter said.

Critics say the move risked stoking concerns in Pakistan about U.S. meddling and could open the door to a further escalation down the road.

Advocates say an expanded Special Operations role in development is needed because U.S. government projects normally take months or longer to get approved, and because the security environment is too unstable in large parts of the FATA for nonmilitary organizations to lead the effort.

The senior defense official said the goal was to “seed the environment to then allow the security to calm down, people to return and for the NGOs (nongovernmental organizations) and USAID (the U.S. Agency for International Development) to follow in after.”

(Reporting by Adam Entous; Editing by Patricia Wilson and Peter Cooney)

:: Article nr. 65024 sent on 13-apr-2010 02:19 ECT


Deficit of Leadership Threatens Pakistan With “Kyrgyzstanization”

Forecast of an imminent unrest

There is a real civil unrest on the horizon. We can verify the timings, immediately after the passing of 18th amendment. When the celebrations were about to take the second turn, instead we saw rallies and protests on power crisis first and soon after we saw a sudden popping up of a civil unrest on the ‘disputed’ name of previously NWFP, leading to 7 dead and many injured with riots, burning properties and havoc.

Power crisis is another very serious issue; there seems to be no immediate solution. This fact is very much known to the general public at large due to media, but WHO is causing a large public to come out protesting specially in Punjab and chanting slogan against the current government? Already bewailing general public and business sector anguish needs a small flare to ignite a huge fire and the strategy is successful. PML-N knows it very well that even if they are placed in the government footings, they themselves will not be able to provide immediate solutions as the magnitude of crisis is beyond immediate control.

A serious dispute erupted in Abbotabad against the new name of NWFP. It is strange that we didn’t heard of any one when the name was finalized and the media talked about it for 3 consecutive days. We saw the 11th hour mysterious back tracking by PMLN on name issue. Then we saw no body objected the new name and after exact 5~6 days, when the bill is in assembly, we heard the cry of anguish. WHO triggered the unrest? Now the situation is getting serious as many people have been killed, properties damaged and people injured. A simple wish of changing the name turned out to be a bloody revolution asking a split into a new province for the people of Hazara.

The story does not end here, we have heard that Bahawalpur and Seraiki area political leadership has demanded a separate provincial status for their respective regions. Sooner or later, we may hear voices from Balochistan as well, to split the largest province into two to three smaller provinces, one for Pakhtoon, one for balochs and one for Makranis, etc. Why not, when the winds are favorable for divisions.

The reasons behind all above and below could be as it is about time, the current government has successfully pulled on 2 years after facing severe turmoil and yet survived. As experienced in last two decades, this is the maximum democratic period a democratic government is allowed to serve as per whims and wishes of some serious ‘inter-country chess players’ and some external experts as well.

What could be the after effects of all above. let us follow the trail on imaginary presumption;

1- All the above is the part of bigger game to spread a civil unrest in the country to derail, not democracy but current government.
2- Such a civil unrest may lead to bigger turmoil which apparently government will fail to control and lay down it’s hands
3- Civil disobedience at larger scale could arise if PPP resists serious threats in all provinces or further, non implementation on NRO order
4- Soon, we may hear a full scale judicial pressure, again, on current government for swiss cases (which is mysteriously silent, again, for some time after the latest blow)
5- When the fire spreads, the paved road will lead the non democratic forces to interfere, like they did on restoration of judges and at many instances.
6- Other democratic political parties (who will secretly form an alliance) will immediately demand for mid term elections

Who could be the main inland and potential architects or rented players for all above;

1- PML(N) & Q (they could play as a tag team or could play individual bouts with current government), along with Tehrik e Insaf.
2- Local and ethnic parties of Sindh Province (As this new strategy may not allow PPP to play it’s trump card, the in-famous ‘Sindh Card’ alone)
3- Jamat e Islami and under cover banned religious parties
4- Establishment including some elements of Army and ISI
5- MQM will certainly await any future government to form an alliance with them to continue the rule

Judiciary may not become part and parcel in all above, as their pressure on government due to NRO will be suffice to kneel the government operatives down. Government will not be able to resist or delay due to dire and strait situation all around as they may not be able to afford, to allow PMLN and others, to come out on road and protest. Sensible PPP high ups may not afford any more unrest by resisting or delaying the court’s order implementation (like they did before, in Punjab and some parts of Sindh and burned effigies. Sensibility does not allow big mouths to invite overt confrontations in media as few PPP ministers and jiyalays did, like Zulfiqar Mirza, Salman Taseer, etc. This will make things worse.)

Media hype is likely to happen and ‘Meray Mutabiq’ may appear in original color (it is in black right now, as a protest against forced closing by government, few months back). Dr. Shahid Masood will have plenty to talk about and his guest’s list will increase, even he could ask extra time or special episodes to provide running commentary on the events after events, specially and particularly on NRO.

PPP must steadfastly settle the burning issues with speed, honesty and dexterity, other wise above killer issues will fatten up further and will engulf what we usually call democracy, after every two to three years, sandwiched before or after a dictatorial rule.

An advice, play patiently, play safe.

The Jenin Refugee Camp Massacre of 2002: ‘Horrific beyond Belief’

The Jenin Refugee Camp Massacre of 2002: ‘Horrific beyond Belief’

Hanan Awarekeh

13/04/2010 “They were warned by loudspeaker to get out of the house before I come, BUT I GAVE NO ONE A CHANCE. I didn’t wait. I didn’t give one blow, and wait for them to come out. I would just ram the house with full power, to bring it down as fast as possible. I wanted to get to the other houses. To get as many as possible, I didn’t give a damn about the Palestinians, but I didn’t just ruin with no reason. It was all under orders.”

Fortified by an arsenal of alcohol, Israeli occupation army bulldozer driver Moshe Nissim did enjoy his work by killing hundreds of Palestinian children, women and unarmed men in the Jenin camp. First published in the Israeli daily Yediot Ahronot and since reprinted on the website of the Israeli peace group Gush Shalom, his testimony gives a version of the barbarian and inhumane massacre that took place on April 13, 2002.

“I found joy with every house that came down, because I knew they didn’t mind dying, but they cared for their homes. If you knocked down a house, you buried 40 or 50 people for generations. If I am sorry for anything, it is for not tearing the whole camp down,” he says.

Nissim’s army unit received a military commendation for its efforts in killing Palestinians in Jenin.

During the month of March 2002, Israel launched its ”Operation Defensive Shield” with incursions into the seven main Palestinian towns. In each incursion, Israeli troops, tanks and armored vehicles entered the cities and imposed a curfew on their civilian population.

On the 3rd of April 2002 Israeli occupation forces surrounded Jenin city and its refugee camp, controlled all the access roads into and out the city and imposed a curfew while declaring the area as a ”closed military area”.

Jenin camp, established in 1953, is one of 22 refugee camps in the West Bank; it was the second largest refugee camp in the West Bank comprising a population of about 14000 people.

Israeli forces attacked the camp using bulldozers, tanks, and apache helicopters. Serious damage was done to the water, sewage and electrical infrastructure of the camp; moreover the occupation soldiers prevented ambulances and the medical teams from entering the camp. This operation continued for about 13 days. Many civilians were killed, many buildings were destroyed which housed several families, and, in some cases, some of these buildings had people inside. Many families were left homeless. And Israeli soldiers arrested some of the camp residents.

The exact toll of the dead may never be known as many corps may still be lying under the rubble.  Moreover, witnesses mentioned stories of the death of a group of people who where gathering inside their homes. Initial estimates were hundreds of children, women, and men.

Israeli officials tried to justify this deplorable behavior against a civilian population by claiming there were about 200-armed men from (Tanzeem) Al Aqsa Martyrs Brigades hiding inside the camp. However, the Israeli occupation army didn’t take steps to avoid injury to civilians; moreover they used some of them as human shields.

Till now the Israeli government still refuses to acknowledge that what happened in Jenin is a Massacre. An independent forensic expert says evidence suggests that a massacre has taken place. And the inhabitants of the camp know too well what those 13 days were; they didn’t need a fact-finding mission to tell them.

Moreover, Israeli occupation forces had evacuated many other corpses and buried them in the occupied territories (in the numbered “enemy” cemetery) in an attempt to hide the actual number of victims in the refugee camp.

The UN Security Council formed a Committee to investigate the massacre but the Israeli government refused to cooperate with the Committee. Upon that Israeli rejection of cooperation, then UN Secretary-General, Kofi Anan, dissolved the Committee before starting its work. Thus, the Israeli war criminals are still free to commit more war crimes, atrocities, and human rights violations against the Palestinian people, without being held accountable for their actions.

Media sources in the Middle East and Europe, and to a lesser extent elsewhere in the world, had a field day. Headlines screamed “Massacre”, “War Crimes”, “Atrocities”, “Genocide” and worse.

Nasser al-Kidwa, the Palestinian representative to the United Nations, described on CNN Channel what was happening, he said “There’s almost a massacre now taking place in Jenin. Helicopter gun ships are throwing missiles at one square kilometer packed with almost 15,000 people in a refugee camp. . . . Just look at the TV and watch, watch what the -what the Israel forces are doing. . . . This is a war crime, clear war crime, witnessed by the whole world, preventing ambulances, preventing people from being buried. I mean this is an all-out assault against the whole population.”

A United Nations envoy has said that the devastation left by Israeli forces in Jenin is “horrific beyond belief”.

Terje Roed-Larsen, who was the UN’s Special Coordinator for the occupied Palestinian territories, had visited the camp with Red Cross and UN workers. He toured the Jenin refugee camp, and said it was “morally repugnant” that Israel had not allowed emergency workers in for 11 days to provide humanitarian relief.

Roed-Larsen said the top priority was to bring in search-and-rescue teams. The only rescue efforts which were under way were residents digging though the ruins looking for survivors. “It is totally destroyed, it looks like an earthquake has hit it,” he said. “We have expert people here who have been in war zones and earthquakes and they say they have never seen anything like it,” he added.

While the rubble had been cleared from the Jenin camp, and the bodies buried, most Palestinians felt that the stories they told have been too hastily swept aside.

Four months after the fact, the UN did produce a report on the conduct of the Israeli army. Based on secondary sources and internet research, it did not however provide a judgment as much as a venue for Israel and the Palestinians to air their opposing versions of events.

“Inevitably the report falls short of a comprehensive inquiry. We found that the report was not satisfactory because it did not address the issues in the depth they deserved,” says Donatella Rovera of HRW.

“There has to be an investigation, and those responsible must be brought to justice. The duty to investigate lies with the Israeli government. The responsibility for this, failing the Israeli authorities, lies with the international community.”

That a follow-up never materialized surprised a few. “This is in keeping with the behavior of the Israeli authorities both before and after the invasion,” continues Rovera.

On April 9, 1948, members of the underground Jewish terrorist group, the Irgun, or IZL, led by Menachem Begin, who was to become the Israeli prime minister in 1977, entered the peaceful Arab village of Deir Yassin, which lay outside of the area that the United Nations recommended be included in a future Jewish State, massacred 250 men, women, children and the elderly, and stuffed many of the bodies down wells. Fifty-three orphaned children were literally dumped along the wall of the Old City.

There were also reports of rapes and mutilations. The Irgun was joined by the Jewish terrorist group, the Stern Gang, led by Yitzhak Shamir, who subsequently succeeded Begin as prime minister of Israel in the early ’80s, and also by the Haganah, the militia under the control of David Ben Gurian. The Irgun, the Stern Gang and the Haganah later joined to form the Israeli army. Their tactics have not changed.

A final body count of 254 was reported by The New York Times on April 13, a day after they were finally buried. By then the leaders of the Haganah had distanced themselves from having participated in the attack and issued a statement denouncing the dissidents of Irgun and the Stern Gang.

Of about 144 houses, 10 were dynamited. The cemetery was later bulldozed and, like hundreds of other Palestinian villages to follow, Deir Yassin was wiped off the map. By September, Orthodox Jewish immigrants from Poland, Rumania, and Slovakia were settled there. As occupied Jerusalem expanded, the land of Deir Yassin became part of the city and is now known simply as the area between Givat Shaul and the settlement of Har Nof on the western slopes of the mountain.

The massacre of Palestinians at Deir Yassin is one of the most significant events in 20th-century Palestinian and Israeli history. This is not because of its size or its brutality, but because it stands as the starkest early warning of a calculated depopulation of over 400 Palestinian villages and cities and the expulsion of over 700,000 Palestinian inhabitants to make room for Israelis from all over the world.

The massacre at Deir Yassin was widely publicized by the Israelis and the numerous heaped corpses displayed to the media. In Jaffe, which was at the time 98 percent Arab, as well as in other Arab communities, speaker trucks drove through the streets warning the population to flee and threatening another Deir Yassin. Begin said at the time, “We created terror among the Arabs and all the villages around. In one blow, we changed the strategic situation.”

But Deir Yassin was not the only massacre by the Israeli occupation armt. That army, under Moshe Dayan, took the unarmed and undefended village of al-Dawazyma, located in the Al-Khalil hills, massacred 80 to 100 of its residents, and threw their bodies into pits. “The children were killed by breaking their heads with sticks … The remaining Arabs were then sealed in houses, as the village was systematically razed …” (Nur Masalha, The Historical Roots of the Palestinian Refugee Question).

In fact, according to UN estimates, 750,000 Palestinians fled the site of the present Zionist entity in 1948. Those refugees and their descendents now number about 4.5 million and constitute the largest refugee population in the world. Many live in squalid refugee camps distributed in the surrounding Arab states or in the West Bank or Gaza, many retain the titles to their land, recognized by the British before 1948 or the Ottomans before that, and many retain the keys to their front doors of their former homes in the occupied territories, whether or not those doors still exists.

Defiance and resistance are two things that the Palestinians have since come to expect from Jenin, Deir Yassin and many other massacres. The battles enshrined Occupied Palestine as a stronghold of resistance in the national mythology. Graffiti on ruins in the refugee camps’ center trumpet their defiance: “WE WILL ONLY LEAVE TO RETURN TO OUR HOMES.”

April 13, 1953: CIA OKs MK-ULTRA Mind-Control Tests

April 13, 1953: CIA OKs MK-ULTRA Mind-Control Tests

Frank Olsen

1953: Central Intelligence Agency director Allen Dulles authorizes the MK-ULTRA project. The agency launches one of its most dubious covert programs ever, turning unsuspecting humans into guinea pigs for its research into mind-altering drugs.

More than a decade before psychologist Timothy Leary advocated the benefits of LSD and urged everyone to “turn on, tune in, drop out,” the CIA’s Technical Services Staff launched the highly classified project to study the mind-control effects of this and other psychedelic drugs, using unwitting U.S. and Canadian citizens as lab mice.

Dulles wanted to close the “brainwashing gap” that arose after the United States learned that American prisoners of war in Korea were subjected to mind-control techniques by their captors.

Loathe to be outdone by foreign enemies, the CIA sought, through its research, to devise a truth serum to enhance the interrogations of POWs and captured spies. The agency also wanted to develop techniques and drugs — such as “amnesia pills” — to create CIA superagents who would be immune to the mind-control efforts of adversaries.

MK-ULTRA even hoped to create a “Manchurian Candidate”, or programmable assassin, and devise a way to control the minds of pesky despots, like Fidel Castro — giving credence forevermore to claims by the tinfoil-hat contingent that the government is out to control our minds.

In addition to drugs, the program included more than a hundred sub-projects that involved radiological implants, hypnosis and subliminal persuasion, electroshock therapy and isolation techniques. (The MK in the project name referred to the Technical Services Division that oversaw the project, and ULTRA was a security classification applied to top-secret intelligence.)

More than 30 universities and institutions participated in CIA-funded research, though not all were aware the spy agency was their benefactor, because funding was sometimes laundered through shell organizations.

Under the guise of research, LSD, whose psychedelic properties were discovered by a Swiss chemist in 1943, was secretly administered to CIA employees, U.S. soldiers and psychiatric patients, as well as the general public.

One federal drug agent who worked as a “consultant” for the CIA for a project dubbed “Operation Midnight Climax” hired prostitutes to slip the drug to unsuspecting clients, then watched through two-way mirrors as the clients tripped out. He also reportedly slipped the drug to patrons at bars and restaurants.

The CIA ultimately concluded that the drug was too unpredictable for reliable research, but that was too late for Frank Olson.

Olson was a 43-year-old civilian germ-warfare researcher for the U.S. Army who was also a CIA employee and an unwitting recipient of CIA acid. During a 1953 meeting at a mountain retreat with MK-ULTRA head Dr. Sidney Gottlieb and other CIA employees, Olson and four other scientists drank a glass of Cointreau that had been secretly spiked with LSD.

They were told about the drug about 20 minutes after ingesting it. Olson apparently had a severe reaction and left the retreat in an agitated state and later threatened to resign.

The CIA claimed he suffered a sudden bout of extreme paranoia and depression and sent him to a psychiatrist in New York for consultation. He died in a “fall” from the 10th floor of his New York hotel room. A CIA employee who had accompanied him to New York reported that he awoke at 1:30 a.m. to see Olson hurl himself through the closed window.

Olson left a 38-year-old widow and three children under the age of 10. In the absence of other evidence, Olson’s family reluctantly accepted the CIA’s puzzling explanation that the scientist had been suddenly seized by a fatal depression.

When news of the CIA’s secret LSD program finally leaked out 20 years later, the family learned through a congressional inquiry that Olson had been slipped some of the hallucinogen days before his death. The CIA continued to insist that Olson had committed suicide, but at President Gerald Ford’s urging, the family was paid $750,000.

It wasn’t until the 1990s, when Olson’s son had his father’s body exhumed and examined, that he discovered that his father might have actually died from a blunt force trauma to the head, which may have been received prior to his fall from the window.

Olson wasn’t the only casualty of the CIA’s drug tests. A tennis pro who had gone to the New York Psychiatric Institute for depression following a divorce fell into a coma and died. He’d been administered a derivative of mescaline. There were other cases of suspect deaths and lives left in ruin.

The victim’s families might have sued to obtain records of the secret program, but CIA Director Richard Helms had ordered the MK-ULTRA project files destroyed in 1973.

The program was brought to light in 1975 through investigations by the Church Committee and Rockefeller Commission that were established to investigate government surveillance operations in the wake of the Watergate wiretapping scandal and other domestic-spying revelations.

By then, the MK-ULTRA project had supposedly been closed. But this was by no means the end to misguided covert government programs, such as the remote-viewing project at SRI. Another, less-organized military project, inspired the story behind the recent film The Men Who Stare at Goats.

Dulles gave the go-ahead for MK-ULTRA, as it turns out, on the very day that Ian Fleming’s first James Bond novelCasino Royale, appeared. Coincidence? You decide.

Source: Various

Image: Frank Olson’s passport.
Courtesy Frank Olson Legacy Project

America’s “Islamists” Poised to Subvert All Democratic-Revolution In Central Asia

[SEE: America’s “Islamists” Go Where Oilmen Fear to Tread]

Islamist revolts are possible in Central Asia

The overthrow of Kyrgyz President Kurmanbek Bakiyev has confirmed the old truth: All authoritarian regimes are eventually overthrown by a wave of public wrath if they are unable to resolve internal political problems peacefully and do not encourage political and socio-economic modernization.

At the same time, the revolt in Kyrgyzstan is a bad sign for the other Central Asian regimes, first of all Uzbekistan, Tajikistan and Turkmenistan. There are reasons to assume that public uprisings there are only a matter of time unless their governments change their policies. Moreover, the opposition in Kyrgyzstan is secular, while the opposition forces in the above three countries will be Islamic.

Analysts agree that different Islamist movements in Central Asia have created stable structures that, unlike the governments, are supported by the people. It is particularly alarming that Islamist movements and views have gained a foothold in the Fergana Valley, which has recently become a hotbed of poverty, instability and Islamic radicalism.

Islamists have also achieved considerable success in other Central Asian regions.

There are several players that may see the Kyrgyz revolt as a call to action. The most important of them is Hizb ut-Tahrir (the Party of Liberation), which has over 20,000 supporters in the region. Its goal is to combine all Muslim countries in a unitary Islamic state (caliphate) ruled by Islamic law (Shariah) and with a caliph head of state elected by Muslims.

Hizb ut-Tahrir has rejected the use of military force against governments. The first “color revolutions” in the region have convinced the movement that local governments can be overthrown through public disobedience, as evidenced by the revolt in Kyrgyzstan. Although the supporters of Hizb ut-Tahrir do not embrace the idea of a global jihad, they do not reject the possibility of military resistance either, but only to protect an Islamic state after the uprising of Umma, all the Muslims.

An example of “social engineering” with a religious tilt is Akromiya, an organization formed in the Fergana Valley in Uzbekistan in 1996. It is dangerous because it has learned to infiltrate local businesses and municipal policy in order to legalize the Islamic order it is upholding.

Unlike Akromiya, Hizb un-Nusrat (the Party of Assistance) consists of tried and tested members of Islamic resistance.

Another dangerous organization is Tablighi Jamaat (the Society for Spreading Faith), a transnational religious movement founded in India in 1920s. Its proclaimed goal is to create an Islamic state in Central Asia.

Threat is also coming from the Islamic Movement of Uzbekistan (IMU), the Islamic Jihad Movement (IJM), and the militant groups of the United Opposition of Tajikistan, which have been fighting in Afghanistan and/or Pakistan in the last ten years.

Although their objectives have changed with time, they still prioritize the overthrow of governments in their countries. Tahir Yuldashev (IMU), Abdullo Rakhimov (a former opposition field commander in the Tajik civil war after independence) and other leaders have contributed greatly to the fight for Islam outside their countries and can now launch the struggle at home.

Militant Islamic organizations are preparing for a long but effective offensive against the Central Asian regimes. The battle is unlikely to be difficult for Islamic revolutionaries, because the regional countries are underdeveloped socially and economically, and their elites are highly corrupt. If the attackers join forces and use both military and “peaceful” resources, the local regimes will stand very little chance.

This is why the Central Asian governments are worried by the new strategy of Washington, which plans to hand since 2011 responsibility for security in Afghanistan down to local authorities.

The regional elites think, wrongly, that Afghanistan is responsible for all their problems. That is not so; the United States’ war in Afghanistan drew the Islamic resources away from Central Asia. When they return to the region, it will become a new center of Islamic resistance.

MOSCOW (Alexander Rahr and Mikhail Logvinov for RIA Novosti)

Alexander Rahr is Director of the Russia/Eurasia Program at the German Council on Foreign Relations. Mikhail Logvinov is a PhD student at TU Chemnitz, Germany.

The opinions expressed in this article are the author’s and do not necessarily represent those of RIA Novosti.