Under Niyazov, Afghan drug traffic through the territory of Turkmenistan could not be counted and implemented with the direct support of intelligence. When Berdimuhamedov taking steps (until fine) to counter drug trafficking.
Moscow hosted the International Forum “The Afghan drug production – a challenge to the world community”, organized by RIA Novosti and the Federal Service for Control of illicit trafficking in drugs (FSKN). Yesterday, during the TV Moscow – Washington, Russian and American experts expressed the view that the Afghan drug problem should be addressed at the international level, developing an integrated approach. In fact ascertained fact that all the efforts to date measure any significant result was not given. This is evidenced by the numbers – according to various sources on the territory of Afghanistan produced more than 90 percent of the heroin consumed in the world.
The problem of Afghan drug really took rampant. According to the UN, Russia ranked first in the world for the consumption of heroin. Every year from the Afghan drug kills more than 30 thousand people, which was 2 times higher than during the entire Afghan war.
First, it is assumed that the primary responsibility for combating the Afghan drug traffic should take the United States. And not just because they have actually led Operation Enduring Freedom, but also because since the invasion of coalition forces in Afghanistan, drug production steadily increases.
It is known that the Taliban came to power, in principle, against drug production and drug trafficking used only as a temporary financing in guerrilla warfare.
At the same time expect the United States any serious measures to combat drug trafficking is futile. Drug trafficking for them – a kind of leverage over the situation in Afghanistan. After all, the production and drug trafficking – is the main method of funding the warlords, and a blow to drug trafficking repeatedly reinforce the activity of these groups against the coalition forces. It turns out that the presence of drug alleviate conflict in this country. Statements by the Special Representative for Afghanistan and Pakistan, Richard Holbrooke, to the effect that the U.S. “can not be distracted by the fight against trafficking”, as in the first place they should fight against the main enemy – al Qaeda, a position confirmed. R. Holbrook summer of 2009 also recognized that the cost of the destruction of opium poppy have not brought positive results, and announced that henceforth the strategy will be based on measures to curb the drug traffic and arrest drug lords who organize the supply chain. Furthermore, again as stated R. Holbrook, given the rising unemployment destruction of poppy fields is not only futile and ineffective, but counterproductive, since the Afghan farmers can go to the Taliban. Later it was reported that the U.S. can not force the Afghan farmers not to grow poppy because they still have nothing to offer in return.
Secondly, the external forces, carrying out policy in Afghanistan, always pursuing only their own interests, and usually without a thorough analysis of the situation inside the country and even less without regard to the Afghan interests. This practice is waning. Afghanistan can not be regarded as “Asian Colombia” – which is ruled by drug lords reside exclusively. In Afghanistan, there has traditionally developed political system.
A decisive role here could play Russia – as the country most affected by the Afghan drug trafficking.
Russia may find allies in the EU (eg Germany, which conducts an independent policy in Afghanistan), Iran (the country is taking stringent measures to counter the Afghan drug trade) and China.
Case here is the question of interaction with the countries of Central Asia, because it is clear that a transit point between Russia and Afghanistan are precisely those countries.Experts believe that now the main flow of Afghan drugs pass through Tajikistan and Kyrgyzstan. As for Turkmenistan, Niyazov’s Afghan drug traffic across the country could not be counted and implemented with the direct support of intelligence. Now, with Berdimuhamedov, who unlike Niyazov prefers to build relations with the Kabul government, steps are being taken (still fine) to combat drug trafficking. Nevertheless, Russia in Central Asia is, at least two allies – Kazakhstan and Uzbekistan, whose leadership is interested in addressing the drug because, inter alia, in the Ferghana Valley is a way of funding Islamist entities with which the many years of being actively controlled .