MEXICO CITY, AUG 28 (Reuters) – The current levels of violence in Mexico, with at least 28 000 murders in three and a half years in a country whose government hangs a fight against drug trafficking, show that “the state has lost control entire regions to the crime, “local experts concluded today.
“The core of organized crime are daily and are seeing that the state is in serious difficulties to retain control in certain areas,” he said Elena Azaola of the Center for Investigations and Superior Studies in Social Anthropology (CIES).
An investigation of the body Evalue Mexico on the level of citizen insecurity and violence has put the state of Chihuahua, which borders the United States, as the entity most insecure in the country. It is there that is located in Ciudad Juárez, regarded as one of the most dangerous places in the world.
“Four years ago, has the highest number of homicides in the country and also has the highest number of murders linked to organized criminal activity,” said Azaola, speaking of the state, which borders the U.S. and Texas accounted for a level of violence of 68.5%.
The report says that there are others in intense conflicts regarding illegal organizations are Baja California, Durango, Sinaloa, Michoacan and Guerrero, with rates of insecurity of 54.6%, 54.08%, 50.6%, 46.95% and 44% respectively.
An analysis of the National Autonomous University of Mexico (UNAM) reported that the increase in violence shown by the ‘loss of control “in areas of different states, and military strategy to fight drug trafficking, adopted by President Felipe Calderon takes office, in December 2006, “is wrong.”
The report notes that “the problem is not confined to the northern border, because in Michoacan and Guerrero [the Pacific] there are entire regions in which neither the army nor the police have access, and are under the control of organized crime that operates in full impunity. It is a fact, the state has lost territories for these groups. ”
Researchers from the UNAM said that after years of operations promoted by federal troops in order to recover the controlled areas and decrease the grassroots support of illegal organizations, the results are “weak and partial.”
The discovery of the corpses of 72 Latin American immigrants killed on Tuesday in Tamaulipas – including at least one Brazilian – “confirms what we knew: that drug traffickers are embedded in other crimes such as trafficking in persons , kidnapping, extortion, but what is not said is that it also expanded the legal activities of trade, industry and services. ”
The Collective Security Analysis with Democracy, based on figures from the U.S. think-tank Brookings Institution, reported that “in Mexico is the total bid to control the drug market and, in consequence, large areas of territory and routes land and sea. ”
“To have a size of the territories lost by the state over the past ten years between 20 000 and 25 000 hectares were planted with poppy from which opium is obtained, which matches the country of Burma [Myanmar] and overcomes the most cultivated in Thailand in the 1970s, “the study said, adding that in the case of marijuana,” the numbers are higher, from 30 000 to 40 000 hectares a year. ”
The Executive Secretary of the National System of Public Security, Juan Miguel Alcantara, said yesterday that the crimes of kidnapping, extortion and robbery with violence in Mexico increased by 400% in recent years. Between January and June last year and the same period of 2010, the rate of kidnappings rose 14.7%, and grew 200% compared with the last four years.