Nabucco Intoxication Wearing-Off

The EU is waiting for guarantees from Ashgabat gas

The desire to provide the Old World Gas announced Tehran

Turkmenistan, gas, EU, Iran / Caspian gas will become an alternative to Russia for Europeans.  Photo
Caspian gas will become an alternative for European Russia. Photos

The European Union supports the plan to diversify gas export routes Turkmenistan. On this Wednesday in Ashgabat after talks with President Gurbanguly Berdimuhamedov said EU Special Representative for Central Asia and Georgia Pierre Morel. However, experts suggest not to give undue importance to the agreements reached – Turkmenistan energy cooperation with the West is largely theoretical, based on the promises and declarations.

Turkmenistan’s position is crucial for the Europeans, because it affects the project Nabucco. Brussels in the relations with Turkmenistan intends to move from generalities to clear agreements as to the end of this year, plans to sign contracts for the supply of gas for this pipeline.

Pierre Morel was necessary to obtain a firm agreement of the Turkmen president to the upcoming negotiations on signing gas agreement between the EU, on the one hand, and Turkmenistan, Azerbaijan – on the other.According to the Polish Gazeta Wyborcza, talks will be held in September in Warsaw. This is the time in the EU must have a clear idea about the possibilities of suppliers of hydrocarbons, the main ones are Turkmenistan and Azerbaijan.

According to the press service of the Turkmen President Gurbanguly Berdimuhamedov and Pierre Morel, “noted a mutual interest in cooperation in the energy sector, due to both increasing demands for energy in Europe, and the position of Turkmenistan, surely realizing the strategy to create a multiboot system output of its energy resources to world markets “.

The first step in this direction was taken last month – June 8, in the Turkish city of Kayseri has been signed an agreement to support the Nabucco project between the consortium and the relevant ministries NGPGH five transit countries – Austria, Bulgaria, Hungary, Romania and Turkey. According to the project, the length of the pipeline is 3900 kilometers, and its capacity – 31 billion cubic meters of gas per year. In this changed and the cost of the project – to an estimated 7.9 billion euro cost will increase by almost half. And it probably is not the limit. The situation is compounded by the fact that Turkmenistan and Azerbaijan, regarded as the principal suppliers of gas, do not rush to sign agreements, while not opposed to export their hydrocarbons to Europe.

“The main reason for Baku and Ashgabat are still pulling the signing of agreements on Nabucco, in the absence of distinct marketing. Until now, buyers of gas not decided on a specific price, not articulated clearly the conditions of transit. Turkey previously stated intentions to become not just a transit country, and reseller of gas. In addition, Azerbaijan demanded a higher price for their gas than consumers were willing to pay, “- said,” NG “Azeri political scientist Ilgar Velizadeh. According to him, the prospects for transit of Azerbaijani gas have become more or less realistic shape after the signing of documents between Azerbaijan and Turkey for the price and volume purchases of gas from Turkey, “Shah-Deniz-2”, the active exploitation of which will begin in 2016-2017. The expert considers that these arrangements can serve only as a guide for future negotiations between Europe and Azerbaijan on the project Nabucco, but not much else, as “Shah-Deniz-2” requires a serious investment, valued at about $ 22 billion Questions associated with the development of this field will be considered at the next meeting of the joint Turkish-Azerbaijani commission. This was last Wednesday in Baku agreed to Azerbaijani President Ilham Aliyev and Turkish Prime Minister Recep Tayyip Erdogan.

“Another reason why there is still no concrete agreement on Nabucco, – a political one. It’s no secret that the project is very politicized. Since its implementation in Russia largely lost the initiative in the strategic issues of regional policy. Open to go against Moscow’s interests in the unresolved Karabakh conflict, Baku, while there are chances for a peaceful settlement, not ready “- said Velizadeh.

That unwillingness to spoil relations with Moscow, some experts explain the slowness of Turkmenistan. In addition, the unresolved question of the status of the Caspian Sea creates political obstacles to the construction of the Trans-Caspian gas pipeline (at the bottom of the reservoir) – against laying pipes are Russia and Iran. “Besides, I would not say that the diversification of supply routes Turkmenistan hydrocarbons to international markets to solve the main problem in Ashgabat – the country will remain in the resource dependency. In this context, the choice of partners between the rapidly developing China and geographically distant Europe narrows to Ashgabat for maneuver, “- said,” NG “director of the Center of the CIS Institute of Contemporary International Studies, Sergei Inhabitants. Well, that Morel was able to negotiate with Berdymukhamedov, new to a large extent there is nothing, as Ashgabat is not the first by tradition to any proposals to export its gas, agreed.

Meanwhile, the desire to provide the Old World Gas announced Tehran. The other day Iran, Iraq and Syria signed a preliminary agreement to build a gas pipeline from Iran’s South Pars field. Its length is 5 thousand miles, and the cost – $ 10 billion project participants consider as a market European countries, where the Iranian gas will go through the territory of Lebanon and the Mediterranean region.

Pakistan Taking Action Against ETIM, But Baking Biscuits for LeT

[If Pakistan is willing to jump at the opportunity to cut-off East Turkistani terrorism, then shouldn’t it’s new search for

common answers with India require that it extend the same neighborly courtesy to India?]

Pak: Taking Action Against Turkmenistan Movement


The Pakistan Army is taking action against the East Turkmenistan Islamic Movement, which has been accused of carrying out recent attacks in the restive Xinjiang region of China, a military spokesman said today.

The Pakistan Army has been conducting and will continue operations against the ETIM, Inter-Services Public Relations chief Maj Gen Athar Abbas told the media.

China has “always been appreciative of Pakistan’s efforts in the war on terror”, he said.

Hasan Mahsum, China’s most wanted terrorist with links to ETIM, was killed in Pakistan’s tribal belt in October 2003 while Abdul Haq al-Turkistani alias Miamaitming Maimaili, who was a leader of ETIM, was killed by Pakistani forces in February this year, Abbas said.

“Our cooperation in the field of operations and intelligence will continue against the common threat of terrorism,” Abbas said.

Hours after China blamed militants trained in a camp in Pakistan for an attack in the restive Xinjiang region, Islamabad said on Monday that it would extend “full cooperation” to Beijing in countering ETIM rebels.

China said Islamic extremists were behind the attack in Xinjiang region that left 11 people dead.

Muslim Uighurs in Xinjiang resent the presence of Han Chinese and religious and political controls imposed by Beijing.

The attack came a day after two small blasts hit Kashgar, a city dominated by Uighurs.

A Chinese government statement said the leaders of the group behind the blasts had been trained in using explosives and weapons at a camp run by the ETIM in Pakistan.


Tymoshenko arrested on contempt-of-court charges; brawls erupt on street

Tymoshenko arrested on contempt-of-court charges; brawls erupt on street

Tymoshenko arrested on contempt-of-court charges; brawls erupt on streetEx-Prime Minister Yulia Tymoshenko, on trial for abusing her authority in reaching a 2009 gas deal with Russia, has been arrested and is reportedly being held in Lukyanivka pre-trial detention center in

 Kyiv Post

Yulia Tymoshenko, on trial for allegedly abusing her authority in reaching a 2009 gas deal with Russia when she was Ukraine’s prime minister, was arrested today on contempt-of-court charges. One of her assistants told a Kyiv Post reporter she was taken to the Lukyanivska pre-trial detention center in Kyiv.

Brawls erupted outside the courtroom as Tymoshenko supporters attempted to block police from leaving the court with the arrested Tymoshenko. A Kyiv Post reporter witnessed police driving away from the courthouse at 4:42 p.m. in an armored truck that witnesses said was carrying Tymoshenko. The vehicle was surrounded by dozens of police officers from several agencies — court, plainclothes, patrol officers and Berkut — who broke through a human blockade of Tymoshenko supporters.

The armored truck carrying Tymoshenko made its way on to Kreshchatyk Street and then turned west on Shevchenko Boulevard. There busloads of officers formed a convoy behind the vehicle believed to be carrying Tymoshenko.It was not immediately clear where Tymoshenko was taken.

Tymoshenko supporters in the crowd chanted: “Yulia, we’re with you!” as dozens of people scuffled with police officers. “Shame! Shame!,” her supporters also screamed to police.

Tymoshenko’s press service issued this reaction from her: “To say this trial is a circus gives it too much credibility. It is politically motivated and demeans Ukraine on the international stage. It saddens me greatly that our country has come to this.”

Criticism of Tymoshenko’s arrest was swift and intense, despite President Viktor Yanukovych’s denial that he had nothing to do with the arrest. Many in the West and in Ukraine believe that Tymoshenko is facing trumped-up charges designed to eliminate her as Yanukovych’s political rival.

“Democracy is over,” said Arseniy Yatsenyuk, a former speaker of parliament who is leading the opposition party Front For Change. “There is not one regime that has won a war against its own people.”

Many supporters gathered on Khreshchatyk Street, mostly elderly women, broke down in tears. A Bloc of Yulia Tymoshenko member of parliament pleaded with police over a microphone to “stay with Ukrainians, don’t take her away.”

Some of the most detailed information about the order for her arrest came from a report on the official Tymoshenko website. Authorities could not immediately be reached for information.

Pechersky District Court judge Rodion Kireyev also adjourned the court hearings against Tymoshenko until 10 a.m. on Aug. 8.

A scuffle erupted in the courtroom after Kireyev granted the prosecution’s motion to arrest Tymoshenko. Specifically, the judge ordered her detained “because of regular violations, interference in establishing the truth and violating court order.”

Riot police protect a prison truck carrying former Ukrainian Prime Minister Yulia Tymoshenko outside the Pecherskiy District Court in Kyiv on Aug.5. (Yaroslav Debelyi)

Did Deadly Greed Cause Series of Coal Mine Disasters?

Deadly Greed?

Vlad Lavrov

Deadly Greed?A rescue squad from Ukraine’s Emergency Ministry works desperately on July 29 to save lives at the Bazhanov mine in Donetsk Oblast’s Makiyivka in eastern Ukraine. An elevator tower collapse killed 11 miners. But an even worse accident took place the same day at Sukhodilska-Skhidna mine in neighboring Luhansk Oblast, where 27 miners were killed in a methane blast. The accidents put the spotlight again on lax safety standards in the nation’s dangerous coal-mining sector. (Ukrainian Emergencies Ministry)

Three deadly coal mine accidents – killing at least 40 men – have sparked fresh debate over whether the billionaires and government officials who control Ukraine’s dangerous workplaces are more interested in profits than safety.

The accidents occurred within a week of each other:

On July 29, a methane blast claimed 28 lives at the Luhansk Oblast Sukhodilska-Skhidna mine owned by Rinat Akhmetov, the nation’s richest man;

The same day, 11 were killed when the 70-meter elevator tower collapsed at Bazhanova mine in Donetsk Oblast’s Makiyivka;

On Aug. 4, a methane leak killed at least one worker and injured more than 20 others at the Krasnokutska coal mine in Luhansk Oblast.

Ukraine’s coal mines are notorious for their outdated equipment, terrible working conditions, paltry pay and high mortality rates.

Moreover, experts note that opaque dealings – such as the sale of coal at below-market prices through murky intermediaries – mean that state and private mines rarely receive the capital investments needed to make them safer and increase the wages of miners.

Relatives mourn over a coffin with remains of a miner killed in a July 29 accident in Bazhanova coal mine in the town of Makiyivka, Donetsk Oblast. (AP)

“The coal mine owners, including Akhmetov, are not super generous when it comes to modernizing the mines,” said Yuriy Korolchuk, an analyst at the Kyiv-based Institute of Energy Studies. ”They see [the coal mines] as a resource to exploit for as long as they can. The only time they really invest considerable amounts into safety is after a chain of deadly accidents – and they do so to avoid scandal.”

Mykhailo Volynets, the head of the Independent Trade Union of Coal Miners and a parliament member in opposition leader Yulia Tymoshenko’s bloc, rated Akhmetov as the best in the nation in terms of caring for miners and investing into his mining businesses – but only in comparison to other domestic oligarchs and business owners.

Yet that’s not saying much.

Volynets said that coal mine accidents have claimed 80 lives so far this year.

According to figures from the United Nations and Volynets, Ukraine’s mines rank among the most deadly in the world. On average, each million ton of coal extracted at the country’s deep and dark pits claims two lives. In China, the world’s largest coal producer, the comparable rate is 0.7 deaths; in Russia, 0.2 and 0.02 in the United States.

Volynets said the grim official fatality figures are not the whole picture. The industry’s workers are plagued by injuries rarely counted, he added.

The methane gas blast at Akhmetov’s Sukhodilska-Skhidna mine was the deadliest mining accident in recent years, attracting widespread attention from experts, authorities and the public.

It even triggered a rare public rebuke of mine owners by Prime Minister Mykola Azarov, which came in response to a video interview with Ihor Smetanin, a wagon driver at Akhmetov’s Sukhodilska-Skhidna.

Soros Buys In To Bloomberg’s Behavior Modification Project for Young Black and Hispanic Men

Can George Soros, Michael Bloomberg save New York’s troubled young men?

New York Mayor Michael Bloomberg announced a $127.5 million plan Thursday to help young black and Hispanic men. The effort includes money from financier George Soros and his philanthropy.

Fred Watkins/FOX News Sunday/AP/File

By Ron Scherer,

New York

On Thursday, Mr. Bloomberg announced that the city, combined with his own philanthropy and that of billionaire George Soros, would spend $127.5 million over three years to try to cut down on some of the factors that result in higher rates of poverty, incarceration, and unemployment among young minority men.

“There is no cure-all, and we’re not going to be able to reach every single person, no matter what we do,” Bloomberg said in announcing the program. “But we have to give it our best shot.”

New York’s effort comes at a time when minority unemployment rates, especially for African-American men, are at a very high level – 17 percent nationally – compared with a 8.1 percent jobless rate for white men. And incarceration rates are high for many young minorities: Three out of 4 young men in New York Citywho leave Rikers Island return to it. Moreover, even if young men graduate from high school, they are not prepared to go on to college, the city has found.

The Bloomberg effort is a relatively rare attempt to tackle the root causes of minority unemployment, including incarceration and insufficient education. If New York is successful at helping minority males, its programs could become a model for the rest of the nation, outside experts say.

“I am really glad Mayor Bloomberg is stepping forward, and I hope this effort is studied carefully so it can be improved on and other cities can learn from what New York is doing,” says Algernon Austin, director of the program on Race, Ethnicity, and the Economy at the Economic Policy Institute in Washington. “Hopefully, the [Obama] administration will look at this carefully and do similar programs.”

One positive aspect of the new program, Mr. Austin says, is that it’s “more focused” and has more job programs. Bloomberg says it is the first time any city has engaged “every relevant local agency” in a collective effort to improve the lives of young black and Latino men.

According to Linda Gibbs, a deputy mayor of the city, there are between 200,000 and 300,000 males in New York who are between the ages of 16 and 24 and also “disconnected” from jobs and education. “We know that when puberty hits, they start to fall off track,” she says in a phone interview.

Bloomberg, Ms. Gibbs says, made the decision to tackle the problem following his first State of the City address after he was elected to his third term in 2009. “He asked, How are we going to make the city even better? What is the next layer of challenges?”

Bloomberg decided to commit $30 million from the Bloomberg Philanthropies, and then through his personal connections, he got a matching $30 million from Mr. Soros and his Open Society Foundations. New York City will allocate up to $67.5 million from its budget.

As part of the process, Bloomberg brought in two outside experts: David Banks, president of theEagle Academy Foundation, a school network that works with young men; and Ana Oliveira, president of the New York Women’s Foundation, which works with women, families, and communities.

After doing site visits and talking to academics, they made up a list of hundreds of ideas, which was eventually winnowed down to 40.

The money will go to four distinct areas:

• Education. In an effort to get black and Latino men ready for college, the city (with the help of the private money) will begin a program called Expanded Success. This program will target 40 high schools that have already shown some progress in closing so-called achievement gaps. Students will get additional academic support, increased access to college classes, and mentors.

“Once we help young men in these 40 schools graduate ready to succeed, then we’ll know how to do it in every school,” Bloomberg said.

In addition, the Bloomberg effort plans to add mentors for middle-school children and will hold principals accountable for bridging achievement gaps.

• Socioeconomic and health issues. The city plans to expand one of its efforts called the Fatherhood Initiative to get fathers more involved in their children’s lives. This will include working with the City University of New York to provide parenting workshops. The program will also try to make city hospitals, health clinics, and reproductive services more welcoming to young men, especially helping them avoid fatherhood until they are ready.

• Employment. The program will invest $25 million to expand a city program called Jobs Plus, which helps connect residents in public housing to jobs. An additional $9 million will go to enlarge a subsidized internship program. The city will also help young minority men obtain state-issued IDs, since “too many young people don’t have IDs, making it difficult for them to apply for jobs, open bank accounts, or receive government benefits and services,” said Bloomberg.

• Incarceration. The city will try to turn its Probation Department from a “compliance factory” into an agency that connects youthful offenders with employment and educational opportunities. To do this, it will start to move probation offices into the projects and neighborhoods where blacks and Latinos live.

In addition, with $18 million in support from the philanthropies, the city will offer literacy services and programs that pair probationers with mentors from their communities.

“Those mentors will be available to them 24/7 and can help change the attitudes and behaviors that lead to a life of crime,” said Bloomberg.

The city will also examine its own hiring practices to ensure those with criminal records aren’t barred from finding work in city agencies. “I believe that as long as you have served your time and stayed clean, and the crime you committed isn’t related to the job you’re seeking or a threat to public safety, you deserve a second chance, just like everyone else,” said the mayor.

The Sick Clown President Peace Prize has got to be joking

The Sick Clown President Peace Prize has got to be joking


The USA in 1945 was the premier power of the world with possibly represented half the worlds GDP.By 1945 it had 12 million men under arms, an exclusive atom bomb program used against Japan twice AFTER they had signaled for peace,……… and 45% of the $225 billion GDP spent on defense ($100 billion defense budget 1944-45)The USA initiated the UN, funded it and housed it.

The USA became the global policeman, judge and executioner in relation to Nazi Germany and Imperial Japan.

The USA through its many just actions, and propaganda became the true moral force of the world. Providing as the very first nation foreign aid as a regular state policy, technical help and a wealth of good ideas from its Think Tanks and universities.

Egged on by the powerful Rothschilds of London, and their agents in the UK and USA, the country was encouraged to take a globalist role with the establishment of the mighty Byzantine Pentagon behemoth, and the CIA.

Since 1945, NATURALLY the USA has been in a few security operations around the world. The following are the official operations by the Pentagon, and not the covert ones:

China (1945-49): conventional; biological

Korea (1950-53): conventional; biological; chemical; incendiary

China (1951-52): conventional; biological; chemical

Guatemala (1954): conventional

Indonesia (1958): conventional

Cuba (1959-61): conventional; (biochemical attacks in other years)

Guatemala (1960): conventional

Vietnam (1961-73): conventional; chemical; biological; cluster

Congo (1964): conventional

Peru (1965): conventional

Laos (1964-73): conventional; chemical; biological; cluster

Guatemala (1967-69): conventional

Cambodia (1969-70): conventional; chemical; biological

Cambodia (1975): conventional

El Salvador (1980-89): conventional

Nicaragua (1980-89): conventional

Grenada (1983): conventional

Lebanon (1983-4): conventional

Syria (1984): conventional

Libya (1986): conventional

Iran (1987): conventional

Panama (1989): conventional; chemical; biological

Iraq (1991-2002): conventional; chemical; biological; cluster; DU

Kuwait (1991): conventional; chemical; biological; cluster; DU

Somalia (1993): conventional

Bosnia (1993-95): conventional; cluster; DU

Sudan (1998): conventional; biological

Afghanistan (1998): conventional

Yugoslavia (1999): conventional; chemical; biological; cluster; DU

Afghanistan (2001-02): conventional; chemical; biological; cluster; DU

These USA/Pentagon military operations since 1945 have resulted in the death of 8–10 million people around the world.

American operations around Iraq especially has resulted in the death of possibly 2 million people since 1991, and created 5 million refugees.

American involvement in Afghanistan for 10 years, the longest USA war has resulted in 100,000 deaths of mostly civilians, whilst the USA uses the country as a huge plantation for Opium export around the world, and the funds laundered in the Jewish banks of New York and London.

Obama is no Roosevelt or Truman, so when he states with a sleek smile that he wants to avoid future genocides around the world, perhaps he might want to look at the actions of his own military which for the last 66 years have caused the deaths of millions of poor, Third World civilians around the world.

It is a sick schizophrenic joke that Obama, after all the wars his country has been conducting should establish a whole department to prevent genocides in the future by others……..presumably using a Jewish run Quija Board that flys over Gaza without a single click click.


Obama orders measures to help US stop atrocities

Reuters and Times of India.

President Barack Obama ordered new measures on Thursday to boost the US ability to stop mass atrocities such as genocide and bar perpetrators of war crimes from entering the United States.The order sets up an Atrocity Prevention Board of government agencies to coordinate responses to such events within the administration.Obama noted in a statement that 66 years after the Holocaust and 17 years after the genocide in Rwanda theUnited States still lacked a “comprehensive policy framework” for stopping large-scale atrocities.

(1. The USA Jewish banks funded the rise of Nazi Germany, its rearmament program, and the supply of key raw materials into 1945 via Sweden, as the USA had done with Imperial Germany via Holland between 1914–1918, in collaboration with other Jewish banks in Switzerland and London. As to the Holocaust there are considerable issues related to the extent of that event by the secret Jewish leadership of Nazi Germany.

2. In relation to the Rwanda tragedy which resulted in the death of possibly 800,000 civilians was the result of competition between the Anglophone Hutus backed by the respective Western powers, and the minority better educated Francophone Tutus backed by France……so the genocide was the result of competition and power between 3 Western powers…BBC documentary from the 1990’s. One thinks the quiet genocide in the DRC with possibly 5–6 million deaths is obviously more serious, with again Western MNC waging destabilization and war for the vast resources in the country…..”richest POOR country in the world”)

Obama directed his administration to study a range of economic, diplomatic and other actions that can be taken in such cases.

The U.S. president cited the likelihood of the mass slaughter of civilians in BenghaziLibya, in March when the United States joined Nato’s military action. In recent weeks, he has been criticized for not doing more to stop Syria’s killing of unarmed protesters which, while it falls short of genocide, has intensified in recent days.

Through a presidential proclamation, Obama also expanded the grounds for denying entry into the United States to include a larger number of human rights violators such as those who commit “war crimes and crimes against humanity.”

Human rights groups welcomed the initiative. “This is a crucial step by the Obama administration to institutionalize a more proactive response to mass atrocities,” said John Prendergast, co-founder of theEnough Project, which works to end genocide.

“The test of course will be in the specific cases, but without the structural policy framework, the response to specific cases is much more idiosyncratic and unpredictable,” he said.


The USA in 1945 attempted to be positive giving out MAINLY civilian economic aid, and technical advice about nation building which helped many nations around the world. The world had a positive view of the USA, where Americans tourists didn’t have to pretend to be Canadians in many nations around the world.

The USA 2011, personified as a lying delusional schizophrenic warmongering murdering nation, with no limits.

Who Would Jesus Nuke?–Air Force Christian Brainwashing Program

AF Pulls ‘Jesus Loves Nukes’ Training

AF Pulls 'Jesus Loves Nukes' Training

August 02, 2011|by Bryant Jordan

The Air Force has suspended decades-old Bible-centric ethics training intended to make Christian officers comfortable with the possible use of nuclear weapons. The training program was given to all new missile officers by Air Force chaplains.

“We’re in the process of reviewing that training and we’ll make a determination whether or not to continue [it] or if it will be a different course,” Air Education and Training Command spokesman Dave Smith told

Smith said the ethics training has been in place more than 20 years, although he didn’t know exactly when it was begun.

The training slides include quotations from the Bible, portraits of Christian saints, prophets, and famous American generals known for their faith, including George Washington, Union Army Gen. Joshua Chamberlain, and Confederate Gen. Thomas “Stonewall” Jackson.

Every new missile officer had to take the training at Vandenberg Air Force Base in California, regardless of their own religious beliefs or lack of them, according to Smith.AETC halted the ethics training last week after an article on the training was posted at Former Air Force Capt. Damon Bosetti — described as a missile officer who took the training in 2006 — said he and others referred to the religious section of the ethics training as the “Jesus loves nukes speech.”

The website also published the training slides, which it acquired from the watchdog group Military Religious Freedom Foundation, an organization that has filed numerous lawsuits against the Air Force for allegedly infringing on the rights of religious minorities and non-believers and promoting evangelical Christian beliefs.

MRFF President Mikey Weinstein is also on the board of advisers for, the article stated.

Weinstein said more than 30 Air Force officers, most of them practicing Protestants and Roman Catholics, contacted his group in July to ask if he could help get rid of the Christian-themed nuclear missile ethics training. The Air Force released the slides under a Freedom of Information Act request.

“If this repugnant nuclear missile training is not constitutionally violative of both the ‘no religious test’ mandate of the Constitution and the First Amendment’s ‘No Establishment’ clause, then those bedrock legal