By Alexander KRYMOV (Russia)
The article should have been called “Which was to be demonstrated.” The facts and trends described here have been foretold a really long time ago by impartial observers who didn’t just believe the allegations the main reason for Nato’s actions in Libya was establishment of democracy.
Since January 18 information agencies started to broadcast interesting facts supposedly based on the data initially reported by the oldest “international” Arabic Asharq Alawsat newspaper, based in London since 1978. It was reported that a 12000 men strong US ground force supposedly landed in the vicinity of Marsa el-Brega. The formal pretext — “preserving stability in the region and security of peaceful population”. The Israeli web sites added the US infantrymen were transferred from Malta. They said the actual mission of this relocation was to maintain permanent flow of Libyan oil to the European markets to be sold at low prices. Though the US embassy in Malta denies allegations such a transfer of servicemen has ever taken place.
It’s noteworthy Marsa el-Brega is one of the core elements of Libyan oil industry infrastructure, where oil refineries, loading facilities, and a liquefied gas processing plant are situated. No matter the before the war population was only 15000 dwellers, the place is a “key point” of oil industry. One of two acting export terminals is located in Brega. The second one is in Ras-Lanuf, situated about 70 km from el-Brega. Thus landing troops in this key location of the shore is the most logical action for someone who’s interest is to secure Libyan hydrocarbons uninterrupted flow. If it were population safety it would have been reasonable to land somewhere more near to big cities.
Boosting cheap oil flows to the market doesn’t look like a mission impossible. It a beaten path tried in Iraq when it provided the victors with energy supplies for symbolic prices as one of numerous compensations for “rescue” from Saddam Hussein. It’s noteworthy the unexpectedly quick EU consent to take immediate sanctions against Iran “coincided” with the seizure of Libyan oil terminals. To certain extent the negative affect of expected oil shortage for European economy could be minimized in case the utmost is done to boost the Brega and Ras-Lanuf production capacities till the complete cessation of contacts with Iran is in force.
National Transitional Council leaders left Benghazi in panic
The internal situation in Libya is grave enough to make its oil export consumers aspire to establish control over the supplies. The Libyan revolution confidently entered the stage of naturally determined frustration with the new authorities that came to power in place of “tyranny” giving spark to coming by itself intent to overthrow the newly established government in its turn. All the more the practical skills are already honed and weapons fill the country in great quantities without any control. More over there are already at least two powers in Libya with equally strong aspiration to do it.
On January 21 a wide scale manifestationtook place in militants “capital” Benghazi. The participants demanded introduction of Sharia law throughout the whole country and Islam becoming part of the constitution as state religion. They even insisted no referendum was needed to have public say on the issue. It’s not words only. Disgruntled at the activities of new Libyan authorities the protesters literally seized the local Council’s headquarters, inflicted serious damage, smashed up a neighboring gas station and the Council’s transport means parked there. The Council’s officials had to run away. Including the legal head of Libya Mustafa Mohamed Abdul Jalil.
Hot on his heels Arabia TV outlet approached him for an interview. Asked why not submit a resignation after such an incident took place once he himself had said many times it was inadmissible to ignore public protests, Abdul Jalil resorted to a very special way to express himself. He said the Benghazi protesters didn’t belong to the Libyan people they were Gaddafi supporters.
But Jalil was not able to explain how come about five thousand Gaddafi supporters got into Benghazi, being besides …Islamic fundamentalists at the same time. And how come Libyan students who had “fought” Gaddafi the whole year, turned their enthusiasm against the National Transitional Council. But then Jalil declared his readiness to resign if “half of Libyan people” asked him to do it, but without his wise leadership “Libya would face chaos”. As one can see Jalil is inclined to make his own conclusions concerning the issue of who belongs to the Libyan people and who doesn’t and what is the criterion of plunging into chaos. The procedure to make him resign voluntarily is not so clear as well — the Benghazi events showed it clear enough what kind of political discussions the population is inclined to. Armed crowds of protesters never let know they wanted a peaceful referendum to see if Jalil enjoys public trust.
As a result Abdel Hafiz Ghoga, deputy head and vice-president of the National Transitional Council, said he was resigning on his own decision. He had been the target of students attacks in Benghazi before. The reason was multiple protests against the interim government ,- he told Al Jazeera in an interview. He said the recent months “the atmosphere of hatred and depravation has prevailed affecting the Council’s work in a negative way”. The issue of the Council’s immediate role in creating this very “atmosphere of deprivation” aside, it can be said — new scheming of undercover Gaddafi supporters are far from being the major driving force of the protests. More to it, the mayor of Benghazi declared his resignation too.
The Benghazi protest itself was just another step ahead by Islamists, who consider themselves to be victors in the Libyan revolution. In December 2011 the Islamic advocates made public some program’s theses like “the Islam banner must fly over Libya”. The authoritative fundamentalists called upon Libyan militants not to surrender their weapons for the reason “the young Libyan revolution is not over yet, the Gaddafi overthrow is just a start”.
The Council’s militants activities start to stumble upon appropriate, though a bit late, counteractions on the part of other Libyans. The main reason for indignation is abrupt fall of living standards and mass repressions on the part of victors. The Algerian information portal Algeria ISP said on January 22 “batallion May 28″ arrested a Bani Walid townsman Mohamad Gait Schiebt. The reason was his “wrong” nationality. He belonged to Warfalla tribe, that was a staunch Gaddafi supporter and now comes under all kinds of repressions for “discrediting connections”. The young people of the Warfalla demanded their fellow tribesman would set free in a day. The Council’s military unit ignored the ultimatum and the Warfalla got down to business.
In all Bani Walid’s schools the Council’s three colored banners were changed for the Jamahiriya’s green ones, the Warfalla’s militants seized the local Council’s headquarters. The head of local municipal council Mubarak Al Fatami reported no connection with the Council’s troops located in the city. The central leadership acknowledged Bani Walid was captured by the Jamahiriya’s supporters. They emphasized the intent to recapture the control over Bani Walid as soon as the reinforcements from Misrata and Tripoli came. In response the Warfalla warned against it and called upon other Libyans to support the revolt.
As you see the Council’s head Jalil, expelled from Benghazi by its own subordinates, is obviously wrong thinking his monumental personality is a basis of peace in the country. It’s too early to say if successful seizure of Bani Walid is a start of coordinated activities aimed at the National Transitional Council’s overthrow or a beginning of a new phase of civil war.
One thing is clear — a civil war with its unavoidable victims and human rights violations is exclusively an internal Libyan affair. The US troops landing in the vicinity of oil terminals shows clearly what’s really important for the West. Everything else seems to be of no importance.
Source: World Intellectual Network