Embassy of the Republic of Tajikistan in Russia, issued a sharp statement "about the situation in the relations between Tajikistan and Uzbekistan." The statement accuses the Republic of Uzbekistan in Dushanbe of deliberately provoking the growth of social discontent in Tajikistan: all the actions being taken by Tashkent, may lead to a humanitarian catastrophe in the neighboring country and are aimed at destabilizing the socio-political environment. The Embassy reminds transport blockade , the saved minefields on the borders between countries, says the termination of gas supply , unfounded claims of ownership of the Uzbek Tajik number of objects to create obstacles for electricity from Turkmenistan and so on.
"Fergana" leads the embassy statement in full.
"On the situation in the relations between Tajikistan and Uzbekistan
Despite the enormous efforts of the Republic of Tajikistan to develop and strengthen bilateral cooperation with Uzbekistan, and the solution of topical problems in international relations affecting the interests, hopes and aspirations of the brotherly peoples of both countries, the Uzbek government continues a policy of confrontation and the use of economic, transport and communication, and other leverage, in order to force management to adopt Tajikistan profitable solutions to them.
Since 2010, Uzbekistan is systematically implementing transport blockade of the southern and central regions of the Republic of Tajikistan through a deliberate delay on the Uzbek railway station wagon with a national economic goods in Tajikistan.
Thus, from November 17, 2011 to the present time the Uzbek side, referring to the destruction of the railway bridge on the stretch "Galaba Amuzang," allegedly because of "terrorist act", blocked the transit of trains with cargoes destined for the needs of the population of the southern regions of Tajikistan, thereby at the height of the cold winter and the beginning of planting season, leaving the inhabitants of these areas without the consumer goods, petroleum products, including hospitals, schools and other social facilities. At the same time, despite numerous requests and suggestions of the Tajik side for assistance in restoring this section of road that connects Tajikistan with other CIS countries, Uzbekistan has not begun recovery efforts. Moreover, reliable data is currently held by the Uzbek side of the dismantling of the railway line. It should be noted that previously the Uzbek side is motivated by the closure of this stretch of road erosion of the railway bridge, but it is for him now removed into the territory of Uzbekistan dismantled railway sleepers and rails of this road section.
It should be noted that this railway line is of vital importance for socio-economic support of the Khatlon and Gorno-Badakhshan Autonomous Oblast of the Republic of Tajikistan, where about three million people. Transport isolation of these regions leads to the absence of the possibility of timely delivery to the population of various cargoes, including international humanitarian aid, intended for low-income groups.
It should be noted that the Uzbek side has repeatedly violated its obligations, in particular, to supply natural gas to Tajikistan. For example, January 5, 2012 Tajikistan signed an agreement on the phased delivery of 200 million cubic meters of Uzbek gas in 2012. However, after two months of the Uzbek side said that from April 1 this year totally cuts off gas supplies to Tajikistan, referring to the contrived reason to increase their supplies to the Russian Federation and the People’s Republic of China, thus exacerbating the already tense situation with the provision of industrial facilities and natural gas to Tajikistan.
In addition, the Uzbek side under false pretenses for several years now bans the transit of Turkmen electricity through its territory to Tajikistan, which contradicts the basic principles of international law and previously signed agreements and Uzbekistan adopted in this regard, the obligations of a reliable supply and transit of energy and resource management region.
Such actions by the Uzbek authorities, against the backdrop of the continuing acute shortage of electricity, dooming the population to more severe living conditions. As a consequence of the persistent shortage of energy annually in the autumn-winter period, the Tajik authorities have introduced strict limit on energy consumption throughout the country. At the same time have been de-energized the building of schools, hospitals and other social facilities, there have been cases of deaths. Purpose of such actions is the inspiration of the Uzbek authorities on this basis foci of social tension and dissatisfaction with the country’s population growth against the leadership of Tajikistan.
A special place in the Tajik-Uzbek relations has plans to build on the inland waters of Tajikistan’s hydropower projects, including the completion of Rogun. Over the past few years, the Uzbek side, using the flimsy and unsubstantiated pretexts, tries to prevent the development of this vitally important sector of the economy of Tajikistan. With that, he of Uzbekistan in violation of international law, without any consultation with the neighboring countries of the Aral Sea basin, built on its territory dozens of reservoirs, which allow him to concentrate large amounts of runoff of the Amu-Darya and Syr Darya. thus exacerbating the already dire situation of the Aral Sea. Despite the incompleteness of the process of international expertise of the project completion Rogun, the Uzbek side to continue its targeted campaign aimed at forcing the situation around is important for Tajikistan object. The ultimate goal of these steps, Uzbekistan is an attempt to mislead the world public and non-completion of this facility.
Serious problems, under the pretext of protecting the environment, creating the Uzbek authorities, and in a strategically important object of the Tajik economy – an aluminum smelter TALCO, accompanied by customized information campaign and a series of protests inspired by the Uzbek population in border areas. Moreover, the convening international forums on environmental issues in the region, to discuss cross-border problems, allegedly associated with Tajikistan, Uzbekistan deliberately ignores the participation of competent representatives of Tajikistan. At the same time in Uzbekistan itself, in the immediate vicinity of Tajikistan, there are a number of environmentally hazardous industries (Bekabad and Almalyk metallurgical combine, and virtually the entire industrial zone of Fergana). At the same time the Tajik side to a proposal for a joint study of the environmental situation in the affected area Talco, and industrial production facilities in Uzbekistan, the Uzbek side is deliberately refusing to participate in these events.
Unresolved for many years and remain questions of delimitation and demarcation of the Tajik-Uzbek border on its remaining contentious areas, in accordance with Article 4 of the Treaty between the Republic of Tajikistan and the Republic of Uzbekistan on the "State border". Here the Uzbek side, contrary to all international norms and sufficient grounds ultimatum requires the transfer of its ownership of the site boundary "Farkhad dam" to the territory, which means nothing more than an attempt to annex the territory of the sovereign state of Tajikistan.
Another serious problem of international relations continues to be a question of mine of 54 sections of the joint border, which to date remain fixed mine by the Uzbek side, presenting a real threat to life and health of citizens of both states. These minefields were laid in 1999 without notifying the Tajik side, and incomplete accounting of joint delimitation-demarcation work. Moreover, these minefields are not immune, is not marked and are a major threat to life and health of border residents of both states. During this period, these minefields Only citizens of Tajikistan, killing over 100 civilians, 93 persons were seriously injured, more than half of them children. These actions contradict the Uzbek side for centuries formed for the spirit of traditional friendship and good neighborly relations between our peoples, as well as the generally accepted norms of international humanitarian law and the majority of international acts.
In violation of a bilateral intergovernmental agreement on checkpoints across the state border, 14 of the 16 crossing points provided by Uzbekistan has unilaterally been closed for the passage of the citizens, vehicles, goods and cargo. In addition, the remaining restrictions on the transition of two crossing points. This has led to considerable difficulties in the travel of citizens of border areas of both states, the movement of national economic goods across the border and in the first place, to ensure Tajik enclaves of medicines and food essentials.
In addition, Uzbekistan has unilaterally increases the annual fee rate for transit passenger train formation of the Tajik Railway. In 2012 the increase was 60%. It should be noted that this is the fourth increase in the coefficient of indexation by the Uzbek authorities that have already held to higher prices by 32% of imported goods to Tajikistan and the negative impact on the social situation in the country.
Continuous transport blockade of the southern and central regions of the Republic of Tajikistan, the preservation of minefields along the Tajik-Uzbek border, unsubstantiated claims to ownership of a number of facilities in Tajikistan (areas of power lines, railroad base) and parts of its borders, creating obstacles for the transit of gas and electricity across the territory of Uzbekistan is contrary to the efforts of Organization of the United Nations Millennium Development Goals and is a disregard for the norms of modern international practice that rejects the existence of barriers, blockades, and all sorts of constraints in the development of bilateral relations, the imposition of a sovereign state decisions, taking into account the interests of only one hand.
These unilateral actions of the Uzbek authorities, in fact, serve as proof of permanent and undeclared economic blockade of Tajikistan aimed at destabilizing the socio-political situation in the republic. Save the current situation will lead to further deterioration of the population of Tajikistan, threatening a humanitarian catastrophe in the country. "
The international news agency "Fergana"