Russian military raise the ante on missile defense

Sergey Ponomarev / AP

Chief of General Staff Nikolay Makarov speaks at Russian Ministry of Defense’s Conference on Missile Defense in Moscow on Thursday, May 3, 2012. President Medvedev last year threatened that Russia will retaliate if it does not reach agreement with the United States and NATO. Makarov on Thursday confirmed that stance, saying that that Russia will take “a decision on a pre-emptive use of destructive force” if “the situation aggravates.”

Russian military raise the ante on missile defense.


MOSCOW, Russia (AP) —

Russia’s top military officer has threatened to deal a pre-emptive strike on U.S.-led NATO missile defense facilities in Eastern Europe if Washington goes ahead with its controversial missile defense plan.

President Dmitry Medvedev said last year that Russia will retaliate militarily if it does not reach an agreement with the United States and NATO on the controversial missile defense system. Chief of General Staff Nikolai Makarov went even further Thursday.

“A decision to use destructive force pre-emptively will be taken if the situation worsens,” Makarov said.

Russian Defense Minister Anatoly Serdyukov also warned Thursday that talks between Moscow and Washington on the topic are “close to a dead end.”

U.S. missile defense plans in Europe have been one of the touchiest subjects in U.S.-Russian relations for years.

Moscow rejects Washington’s claim that the missile defense plan is solely to deal with any Iranian missile threat and has voiced fears it will eventually become powerful enough to undermine Russia’s nuclear deterrent. Moscow has proposed running the missile shield jointly with NATO, but the alliance has rejected that proposal.

Makarov’s statement on Thursday doesn’t seem to imply an immediate threat, but aims to put extra pressure on Washington to agree to Russia’s demands.

The Obama administration tried to ease tensions with Russia in 2009 by saying it would revamp an earlier Bush-era plan to emphasize shorter-range interceptors. Russia initially welcomed that move, but has more recently suggested the new interceptors could threaten its missiles as the U.S. interceptors are upgraded.

The U.S.-NATO missile defense plans use Aegis radars and interceptors on ships and a more powerful radar based in Turkey in the first phase, followed by radar and interceptor facilities in Romania and Poland.

Russia would not plan any retaliation unless the United States goes through with its plans and take the third and final step and deploy defense elements in Poland, Deputy Defense Minister Anatoly Antonov said Wednesday. That is estimated to happen no earlier than in 2018.

Russia has just commissioned a radar in Kaliningrad, its western outpost near the Polish border, capable of monitoring missile launches from Europe and the North Atlantic.

On Thursday, at the start of a two-day conference with representatives from about 50 countries, a top Russian defense official reiterated Moscow’s offer to run the missile shield together with NATO.

Russia’s Security Council Secretary Nikolai Patrushev said such a jointly run European missile defense system “could strengthen security of every single country of the continent” and “would be adequate to possible threats and will not deter strategic security.”

NATO’s deputy secretary general, Alexander Vershbow, told the conference Thursday that the U.S.-led missile shield is “not and will not be directed against Russia” and that Russia’s intercontinental ballistic missiles are “too fast and too sophisticated” for the planned system to intercept.

The conference in Moscow is the last major Russia-U.S. meeting about military issues before a NATO summit in Chicago later this month. Russia hasn’t said whether it will send top officials there.

Meanwhile, U.S. Senator John McCain on a visit to Lithuania lashed out at Russia’s plans in Kaliningrad.

McCain said using missile defense as “excuse to have a military buildup in this part of the world, which is at peace, is really an egregious example of what might be even viewed as paranoia on the part of Vladimir Putin.”


Liudas Dapkus in Vilnius, Lithuania, contributed to this report.