Ryan Crocker–Retiring Another American Bullshit Artist

[Who does Mr. Crocker think will prevent this inevitable war?]

Afghanistan Civil War Unlikely, U.S. Official Claims



Ryan Crocker

U.S. Gen. John R. Allen, left, commander of NATO forces in Afghanistan, listens to U.S. ambassador to Afghanistan, Ryan Crocker, before a change of command ceremony in Kabul, Afghanistan, Tuesday, June 12, 2012. (AP Photo/Musadeq Sadeq)

KABUL, Afghanistan — The outgoing U.S. ambassador to Afghanistan said Thursday that he thinks it’s unlikely that the departure of most foreign troops by 2014 will plunge the country into another civil war or prompt a precipitous economic slide.

“I tend to consider those unlikely scenarios,” Ryan Crocker told The Associated Press in an interview.

Crocker, a soft-spoken, gray-haired diplomat who became the civilian face of America’s wars in Afghanistan and Iraq, said the international community has pledged support for Afghanistan post-2014.

Minority ethnic political leaders also seem more interested in positioning themselves in the future government than getting ready for civil war, he said.

He cautioned that it’s hard to gauge the validity of reports that ethnic factions are rearming in preparation for civil war – and that perhaps they never ever disarmed.

“Politics is breaking out all over,” he said. “You don’t see many signs of the people saying `Well, it’s time to start digging the trenches again.'”

Crocker is retiring from the U.S. foreign service after a storied tenure in some of the world’s most dangerous hotspots. The U.S. State Department said health reasons have forced the 62-year-old envoy to leave Kabul a year earlier than expected.

Crocker came out of retirement in 2011 to take the helm of the embassy at President Barack Obama’s personal request. He granted the AP the first of several exit interviews he is scheduled to give to news organizations before leaving later this month.

Crocker said that al-Qaida in Afghanistan had been “badly weakened.”

“They’re not defeated. They remain dangerous, but they are under such tremendous pressure,” Crocker said. “I think they spend almost all their time just worrying about staying alive. You have to keep the pressure on, too.”

The troop withdrawal will coincide with the end of Afghan President Hamid Karzai’s two-term presidency. Some political analysts have speculated that Karzai was trying to figure out a legal way to stay in power – perhaps in the way that Vladimir Putin and Dmitry Medvedev traded roles as president and prime minister in Russia.

Crocker said he didn’t think so.

“He has been as clear as any person can possibly be in public and private and repeatedly has said he has no intention of hanging on, and I believe him,” Crocker said.

Asked about what will happen after 2014, Crocker said that as the spigot of international military and civilian assistance slows, the nation’s economy will be affected. But he was optimistic that Afghans do not face economic disaster because the country will have solid security and economic assistance well beyond 2014.

“They will take a dip, but the latest I heard in terms of estimates is that the gross domestic product growth may go from a current roughly 11 percent to something like 5 percent, which still isn’t bad for a country like this,” Crocker said in the interview at his living quarters in the U.S. Embassy in Kabul.

Crocker said it’s impossible to issue forecasts for a volatile country like Afghanistan where a “long-range prediction is now a week from Tuesday.” But he said he doesn’t think the nation is headed for civil war like the one that led to the rise of the Taliban after the Soviet exit in 1989.

However, the ambassador said there are a lot of militias in northern Afghanistan where minority factions are rooted. Some disguise themselves as members of the Afghan Local Police – even wearing the uniform of the village-level fighting forces overseen by the Ministry of Interior, he said.

“I think their primary interest has been criminal activity, rather than preparing for the next civil war, which I really don’t see coming,” he said.

On another issue, Crocker said top-level members of the Taliban are willing to negotiate peace.

Crocker said there are more moderate figures like Agha Jan Motasim – one of the most powerful men on the Taliban council. Motasim told the AP in May that a majority of the Taliban want a peace settlement and the movement has only a few hard-liners.

“There are others like him who are sending out feelers,” Crocker said.

Asked if these Taliban leaders – some who are based in Pakistan – were worried about getting killed by the hard-liners, Crocker replied “Yep.”

He said the U.S. was not providing protection for them, but Pakistan perhaps had given some safe passage.

“Let me just put it this way,” he said. “We are certainly aware that senior Taliban figures have made their way to third countries. Exactly how they did that, I can’t say, but I’d like to assume that they did so with Pakistanis not interfering.”

Crocker said, however, that the U.S. has not had any direct contact with the Taliban since last fall.

“It has to be an Afghan process,” he said. “If reconciliation is to move forward, the Pakistanis have to facilitate it.”

Nigeria Oil Tanker Fire Kills More Than 100 People Gathering Fuel from Overturned Tanker Truck

Nigeria oil tanker fire kills more than 100

File picture of a petrol tanker blaze at Ibafo Town on the Lagos to Ibadan highway in 2010. (AFP - Pius Utomi Ekpei)

PORT HARCOURT, Nigeria – More than 100 people who rushed to scoop up fuel after a Nigerian petrol tanker tipped over Thursday were killed when the vehicle and pools of spilled oil caught fire.

Children were among those killed, while dozens more were badly burned, despite a warning from troops who arrived at the crash site that a blaze could ignite at any moment.

The tanker driving in the southern Rivers state swerved as it was trying to avoid a collision with three oncoming vehicles including a bus, said Kayode Olagunju, head of the state’s Federal Road Safety Commission.

Shortly after the collision hundreds of locals in the Ahoada area flocked to the scene to collect the spilling fuel.

Some troops who reached the crash site before the fire broke out told people to clear off, but many ignored the warning, an official from the National Emergency Management Agency said.

Forces from the military’s Joint Task Force “got to the scene before us. They warned people to leave the scene to avoid disaster. But many of them were busy scooping fuel. They disobeyed,” Emenike Umesi explained.

The state’s information commissioner Ibim Semenitari told AFP the fire had been put out but emergency services were still trying “to clear the carnage.”

“More than 100 people were killed in the inferno from the petrol tanker, while around 50 with severe burns have been hospitalised,” she said.

Some of those taken to the hospital were burned beyond recognition, while others appeared treatable, said Geoffrey Ikogha a local chief in Ahoada, near the oil hub of Port Harcourt.

He confirmed that women and children were among those killed.

The crowd of relatives and sympathisers at the General Hospital in Ahoada was huge, with many sobbing uncontrollably, Ikogha recounted.

“Security people are having tough time controlling the surging crowd, some of whom are from nearby villages,” added Ikogha.

“The situation is tragic and pathetic.”

Many of the dead were motorcycle taxi operators, known locally as “Okada”, who raced to fill up their tanks after learning of the crash, according to an AFP photographer at the scene.

Motorcycle taxi driver Kingsley Jafure said the vehicle collision occurred at roughly 6:00 am, and the spilled petrol caught fire about 90 minutes later, but officials said the time between the crash and the blaze was shorter.

“At about 7:30 while I was inside trying to decide whether to go (scoop fuel) or not. That is when I saw that the tanker exploded,” Jafure said.

The area had been cordoned off by security forces, while swarms of rescue workers were on the ground, NEMA and an AFP reporter said.

Major accidents, often involving large-haul trucks, are common in Nigeria, where many of the roads are in terrible condition.

Lorries plying the country’s roads are often old and poorly maintained and road worthiness checks are scant.

Abandoned trucks, some of them destroyed by heavy collisions, can regularly be seen along major Nigerian motorways.

In March, a petrol tanker caught fire after skidding off the road in southern Port Harcourt, killing six people and injuring several others.

In April last year, a fuel tanker overturned at an army checkpoint in central Nigeria, sparking an inferno in which some 50 people were killed.

Naser Oric is Threatening to reveal the truth about Srebrenica, If Called to Testify Against Radovan Karadzic

“You know, I was offered by Clinton in April 1993 (after the fall of Cerska and Konjevic Polje) that the Chetnik forces enter Srebrenica, carry out a slaughter of 5,000 Muslims, and then there will be a military intervention.”–President Izetbegovic, Interview with Hakija Meholjic, president of Social Democratic Party for Srebrenica, by Hasan Hadzic

Oric is threatening to reveal the truth about Srebrenica

Party of Democratic Action in Bosnia and Herzegovina, fearing that the wartime commander of Muslim forces in Srebrenica Naser Oric fulfill his threat to tell the truth and to sacrifice Srebrenica, if it appears at the trial of Radovan Karadzic in The Hague!

Naser Oric was not in The Hague, even as a witness

As it says “Press” Republic of Serbian, Oric was several times threatened to publicly disclose the truth about Srebrenica, which was sent to 17 addresses in the event that something happens to him.

SDA fears that Oric pressure of the Hague tribunal, and that the investigation against him has led the domestic justice for crimes against Serbs in the Drina valley, could make a threat and said the bargaining that the Muslim political leadership has achieved a high international officials before taking a Serbian enclave in July 1995. year.

The political and intelligence circles with Vasvija Vidovic, a family lawyer Izetbegovic and Oric’s defense attorney in The Hague are doing everything to avoid the binding order of the Tribunal that the former Srebrenica master of life and death again finds himself in the Hague court.

Oric was told not to testify in the trial of Karadzic to The Hague call is perceived as provocation and cynicism.

Srebrenica was an Inside Job

How Alija Izetbegovic’s regime held the civilian population of Srebrenica hostage, goaded the Bosnain-Serbs into attacking the enclave, and then abandoned the civilian population to the mercy of the attacking enemy.
by Andy Wilcoxson
Wednesday, June 15, 2011

In the wake of the July 1995 fall of the Srebrenica enclave, thousands of Muslim soldiers and draft eligible men were killed or went missing. Some were captured and summarily executed by Bosnian-Serb forces, and others died in combat.

Western governments, news media, and the U.N. War Crimes Tribunal in The Hague have assiduously misled the public about the nature of the massacre, at the same time they have remained conspicuously silent about the role U.N. officials and the Muslim regime in Sarajevo played in orchestrating the massacre.

Srebrenica’s Fall Could Have Been Prevented

Yasushi Akashi, who at the time was the special envoy of the U.N. Secretary General in the former Yugoslavia, said the U.N. had “limited capabilities” and could not prevent the fall of Srebrenica. He told the Associated Press, “There was a hundred of U.N. troops versus thousands of Serb troops. What could we have done?”[1]

According to the Dutch battalion of U.N. peacekeepers who were deployed in Srebrenica, quite a bit could have been done. They were authorized to call in air strikes if the enclave was attacked, and when it was attacked they did indeed call in air strikes, but they were blocked by the U.N. until it was too late.

According to the debriefing of Dutch Battalion personnel, “The battalion was counting on massive air support … air support was requested around 10.30 hrs. [on July 11, 1995] Then, despite all of its promises, the U.N. still failed to release air power.”

The Dutch Battalion’s report states that, “Both the battalion staff and the rest of Dutchbat are convinced that the fall of the enclave can be attributed to a distinct lack of support from the air; the limited close air support did not arrive until the battle was actually over.”[2]

Even without the U.N.’s help, Bosnian-Muslim president Alija Izetbegovic’s regime could have intervened to stop the fall of the enclave and subsequent massacre, but they chose not to act either.

Sefer Halilovic was the commanding officer of the Army of Bosnia-Herzegovina during the war. He was the most senior officer in Izetbegovic’s military and he testified under oath at the UN war crimes Tribunal in The Hague that “the command of the 2nd Corps and the General Staff knew when the operation on Srebrenica started, but from a series of testimonies, the people who were in Srebrenica, both from military and political structures, we can clearly see that they asked for help, both of the command of the 2nd Corps and the command of the General Staff and President Izetbegovic, but that they did not receive that assistance. To answer your question whether they had the power and materiel to help, to come to the help of Srebrenica, I think that they did.”[3]

Even though Srebrenica was abandoned by its supposed protectors at the U.N. and by its own government in Sarajevo, the Muslim forces based in Srebrenica should have been able to defend the enclave themselves. Instead, on July 12, 1995, they fled the enclave with the rest of the able-bodied men and abandoned Srebrenica’s women, children, and elderly to the mercy of the attacking Bosnian-Serb forces.

Although UN Military Observers (UNMOs) were uncertain of the exact number of Muslim military personnel in Srebrenica, they believed “that at least half had side arms as well as heavy machine guns, light mortars, and anti-tank weapons including rocket propelled grenades and more modern ones.”[4]

The Command of the 2nd Corps of the Army of Bosnia Herzegovina (ABiH) prepared a report detailing the operation Srebrenica’s men undertook to flee Srebrenica across Bosnian-Serb territory to Tuzla. Their report said, “Numbers were not established when the column was formed, but some estimates put the number in the column at 10,000 to 15,000 people, including approximately 6,000 armed soldiers, not counting soldiers from Zepa.”[5]

According to UN Military Observers, at the time of the attack the Bosnian-Serb Army’s “Drina Corps was known to be stretched in terms of resources” and the strength of the Bosnian-Serb units surrounding Srebrenica was “1,000 to 3,000 infantry with up to 20 tanks as well as artillery and multiple launch rocket systems.” When Srebrenica fell, the UNMOs estimated that the local Bosnian-Serb brigades “probably have around 1,500 infantry in total” and together with reinforcements from units stationed in adjacent areas, the total strength of the Bosnian-Serb forces around Srebrenica was “probably no less than 2,000 infantry.”[6]

Even if they hadn’t been abandoned by the UN and by their own government, 6,000 armed Muslim soldiers should have been able to fight off 1,000 to 3,000 Serb infantry men.

When the Bosnian-Serbs attacked the enclave, UN Military Observers were stunned that the Muslim army didn’t attempt to defend it. In their report they state: “The ABiH had the force ratios to defend the enclave particularly considering its hilly, wooded nature.” They went on to write, “The advantages militarily seem to have been with the [Muslim] defenders to at least hold out for longer and have inflicted greater losses on the Bosnian-Serb Army than believed. However, the ABiH leadership seems to have actually acted against their own interests to carryout a successful defense.” [7]

Dutch Battalion personnel in Srebrenica were surprised when Muslim troops in the enclave did not avail themselves of the weapons they were offered. On the morning of July 6th 1995 battalion personnel “Informed the Bosnian government forces that, if the Bosnian-Serb Army crossed the enclave boundary, the arms in the weapon collection point in Srebrenica would be released. Later, when this situation did indeed occur, the Bosnian government forces did not avail themselves of this opportunity.”[8]

Foreknowledge of the Massacre

Izetbegovic’s decision to refuse Srebrenica’s pleas for help and to abandon it to the mercy of the Bosnian-Serb Army is all the more shocking in light of the fact that his regime knew what would happen if Srebrenica fell. They were fully aware of what was at stake. Two years before the massacre, Bosnian vice-premiere Zlatko Lagumdjija told reporters from the London Times that “We shall be witnesses of a big massacre if Srebrenica falls.”[9]

The U.N. also had foreknowledge of what would happen. The U.N. chose not to act in 1995 even though it knew as far back as 1993 what kind of massacre would ensue if Srebrenica fell.

Testifying at the UN War Crimes Tribunal in The Hague, the former commander of the UN Protection Force in Bosnia, French General Philippe Morillon told the court that “Naser Oric [the commander of the Bosnian-Muslim military forces in Srebrenica] engaged in attacks during Orthodox [Christian] holidays and destroyed villages, massacring all the inhabitants. This created a degree of hatred that was quite extraordinary in the region.”

He said, “Naser Oric was a warlord who reigned by terror in his area and over the population itself. I think that he realized that those were the rules of this horrific war, that he could not allow himself to take prisoners. According to my recollection, he didn’t even look for an excuse. It was simply a statement: One can’t be bothered with prisoners.”

Morillon testified, “I wasn’t surprised when the Serbs took me to a village to show me the evacuation of the bodies of the inhabitants that had been thrown into a hole, a village close to Bratunac. And this made me understand the degree to which this infernal situation of blood and vengeance led to a situation when I personally feared that the worst would happen if the Serbs of Bosnia managed to enter the enclaves and Srebrenica.” He said, “I saw, a degree of absolute misery with a real risk of tens of thousands being killed.

“I feared that the Serbs, the local Serbs, the Serbs of Bratunac, these militiamen, they wanted to take their revenge for everything that they attributed to Naser Oric. It wasn’t just Naser Oric that they wanted to revenge, take their revenge on, they wanted to revenge their dead on Orthodox Christmas. They were in this hellish circle of revenge. Not only the men. The women, the entire population was imbued with this. It wasn’t the sickness of fear that had infected the entire population of Bosnia-Herzegovina, the fear of being dominated, of being eliminated, it was pure hatred.”

After listening to his testimony the Presiding judge asked Morillon, “Are you saying, then, General, that what happened in 1995 was a direct reaction to what Naser Oric did to the Serbs two years before?” And the witness answered, “Yes. Yes, Your Honour. I am convinced of that.”

According to the Dutch Battalion’s report, the Bosnian-Serb military units surrounding Srebrenica in 1995 “were manned chiefly by Bosnian-Serb refugees who had formerly lived in the enclave.”[10]

The soldiers who ultimately perpetrated the July 1995 massacre had been victimized themselves beforehand.

Because Gen. Morillon knew what would happen if the Bosnian-Serbs entered Srebrenica, he tried to have the civilian population evacuated to safety, but he was prevented from doing that by the Bosnian-Muslim authorities.

On April 19, 1993– two years before the massacre – Reuters and the New York Times reported that:

“Authorities in Srebrenica refused today to allow civilians to be evacuated from the besieged Muslim town, a United Nations official said.

“‘We have just received confirmation that the Bosnian authorities in Srebrenica will not permit any evacuation’, a UN High Commissioner for Refugees spokeswoman said in Belgrade.

“She said the Muslim authorities didn’t give a reason for blocking the operation.”[11]

During his testimony Morillon noted that “Had I been able to evacuate all those who had wanted me to do so at the time that I intervened in Srebrenica, we could certainly have saved a number of human lives.”

He said, “the Bosniaks used the presence of their population to keep the attention of the world focused on their situation, they prevented the evacuation from Srebrenica …the authorities of Izetbegovic were the ones who stood up against the evacuation of those towards Tuzla for all those who wanted to, and there were many of them who wanted to.”[12]

Concurrent with Morillon’s failed efforts to evacuate the civilian population from Srebrenica, the Security Council designated it a “UN Safe Area” in April 1993.

As a so-called “Safe area”, Srebrenica was supposed to be demilitarized. On May 8th 1993 Ratko Mladic on behalf of the Serbs, and Sefer Halilovic on behalf of the Muslims, signed an agreement on the demilitarization of Srebrenica in the presence of Gen. Morillon.[13]

Under the terms of the agreement, all of the weapons in the enclave were to be placed under the control of the UN; in turn the UN was responsible for the security of the enclave. That was how things were on paper, but real life was different.

The Muslims did not demilitarize Srebrenica; instead they used the so-called “safe area” as a base from which to attack the Bosnian-Serb army and the surrounding Serbian villages.

Two weeks before the enclave fell, Muslim troops from Srebrenica attacked an undefended Serbian village. At 4:30 AM on June 26, 1995 they attacked the hamlet of Visnjica near Srebrenica, burning houses, killing livestock, and sending Serb civilians fleeing for their lives.[14]

Conspiracies seldom remain secret, and Srebrenica is no exception. Although the Western news media refuses to discuss the role played by anyone other than the Serbs, some Bosnian-Muslim officials have spoken out.

Ibran Mustafic was a founding member of Alija Izetbegovic’s political party, a member of the Bosnian parliament, and a resident of Srebrenica. In 1996 he told Sarajevo’s Slobodna Bosna newspaper that “The betrayal of Srebrenica was consciously prepared. Unfortunately, the Bosnian presidency and the Army command were involved in this business; if you want the names, figure it out yourself. I understood the situation in Srebrenica and, you can trust me on this, had I not been prevented by a group of criminals, many more inhabitants of Srebrenica would be alive today. Had I received an order to attack the Serb army from the demilitarized zone, I would have rejected to carry out that order without thinking and would have asked the person who had issued that order to bring his family to Srebrenica so that I can give him a gun and let him stage attacks from the demilitarized zone. I knew that such shameful, calculated moves were leading my people to a catastrophe.”[15]

The Motive to Betray One’s Own People

In 1998, Srebrenica’s wartime chief of police, Hakija Meholjic told the Sarajevo newspaper Dani that in September 1993 Izetbegovic told him: “You know, I was offered by [Bill] Clinton in April that the [Serbian] Chetnik forces enter Srebrenica, carry out a slaughter of 5,000 Muslims, and then there will be a [NATO] military intervention.”[16]

Meholjic’s statement is corroborated by the UN Secretary General’s report on the fall of Srebrenica, which says “Representatives of the Bosniac community gathered in Sarajevoon 28 and 29 September [1993] to vote on the [Invincible] peace package. A delegation of Bosniacs from Srebrenica was transported to Sarajevoby UNPROFOR helicopter to participate in the debate. Prior to the meeting, the delegation met in private with President Izetbegovic, who told them that there were Serb proposals to exchange Srebrenica and Zepa for territories around Sarajevo. The delegation opposed the idea, and the subject was not discussed further. Some surviving members of the Srebrenica delegation have stated that President Izetbegovic also told them he had learned that a NATO intervention in Bosnia and Herzegovinawas possible, but could only occur if the Serbs were to break into Srebrenica, killing at least 5,000 of its people. President Izetbegovic has flatly denied making such a statement.”[17]

It certainly appears that Alija Izetbegovic incited a massacre against his own people in Srebrenica because he wanted NATO to intervene in the Bosnian war on his behalf.

Izetbegovic’s regime provoked the Serbs by perpetrating massacres against them, blocked the evacuation of the civilian population, staged attacks from the safe area, and when the anticipated Serb retaliation finally came, his regime abandoned Srebrenica with full knowledge of what the consequences would be.

The truth is ugly. The Serbs executed enemy POWs in violation of the Geneva Conventions, the Muslims deliberately goaded them into it for propaganda purposes, the U.N. allowed all of it to happen even though they had the means to stop it, NATO got conned into being the Muslim air force, and Western governments and news media lied about the whole thing. The end result of all of it is that thousands of people died needlessly.

Criminal Liability

In 2004, the U.N. War Crimes Tribunal inThe Hague convicted Bosnian-Serb general Radislav Krstic of aiding and abetting “genocide” (sic) in Srebrenica and sentenced him to 35 years in prison.

Krstic did not participate in, order, or even know the massacre was happening. In fact, Krstic specifically ordered that no harm was to befall the Bosnian Muslim civilians.[18]

The Tribunal ruled that “It was unnecessary for the Trial Chamber to conclude that Radislav Krstic was actually aware that those other criminal acts were being committed; it was sufficient that their occurrence was foreseeable to him and that those other crimes did in fact occur.”[19]

The Srebrenica massacre was foreseeable to the Bosnian-Muslim authorities and to the U.N. as well. They too had the ability and the obligation to prevent the massacre, and they didn’t do it either. One has to wonder about the integrity of the judicial process surrounding Srebrenica, when someone like Krstic is held responsible and they’re not.

One also has to wonder whether a conflict of interest arises when a UN Tribunal conducts the investigations, makes factual findings, and determines criminal liability with regard to events where the UN was as deeply involved as it was in Srebrenica. The UN’s failure to demilitarize the enclave or prevent its collapse and subsequent massacre, when it had the ability to do so, certainly begs the question of whether those failures were deliberate or not.

[1] Associated Press Worldstream, “U.N. diplomat says Srebrenica massacres could not have been prevented,” November 22, 1999

[2] Report based on the Debriefing on Srebrenica,4 October 1995: Dutchbat, paras 2.24, 3.4, 3.50

[6] UN Military Observer HQ Sector NE, 26 July 1995

[7] Ibid.

[8] Report based on the Debriefing on Srebrenica, 4 October 1995: Dutchbat, para 3.9

[9] Tim Judah, “UN plans evacuation of 15,000 Bosnia Muslims”, The (London) Times, April 6, 1993, Tuesday

[10] Report based on the Debriefing on Srebrenica, 4 October 1995: Dutchbat, para 2.35

[11] Reuters/New York Times wire service, “Srebrenica evacuation plans stymied; Town officials declare civilians must stay; UN trucks turn back,” The Ottawa Citizen, April 19, 1993, Pg. A1

[14] Stephen Kinzer, “Government Troops Attack Bosnian Serb Village,” The New York Times News Service, June 26, 1995

[15] “‘Srebrenica was a sacrificial lamb’ says Muslim official from Srebrenica,” Slobodna Bosna (Sarajevo), July 14, 1996

[16] “5,000 Muslim Lives for Military Intervention,” Dani (Sarajevo), June 22, 1998;
See also: Meholjic’s interview on Dutch TV

[19] Ibid.; Para 150

Russian Press Reports Massive War Games (Russia, China, Iran and Syria) Coming To Syria

[If this report is true, it will turn the world upside down.  Maybe this will represent a new beginning for us all, if not the end.]

Russia, China, Iran and Syria made the biggest military maneuvers in the Middle East


ruvr.ru. – The Iranian Fars news agency reported citing a unnamed sources, that the troops of Russia, China, Syria and Iran in the coming weeks will carry out joint maneuvers in major Syrian territory.

These maneuvers will be the largest in the Middle East, since it will feature nearly ninety thousand military ground and air armies and navy. More than four thousand planes and tanks take part in the exercises.

According to agency reports, Egypt gave the green light to twelve Navy ships from China that allegedly are directed to Syria through the Suez Canal. Nuclear submarines, destroyers and aircraft carriers with Russian warships arrive in Syria Iran in two weeks.

Syria plans to test surface-water and air defense systems, the agency reported.

October Journal

Tajikistan Ups the Ante On Russia’s 201st Motorized Base to $250 Million


Tajikistan Wants Russia to Pay $250 Mln for Military Base

Tajikistan wants Moscow to pay at least $250 million a year for the Russian military base deployed in the Central Asian state, Kommersant business daily reported on Thursday citing an unnamed Tajik source.

The Russian military base in Tajikistan was opened in 2004 and is the largest Russia’s base for ground forces abroad with up to 7,000 military servicemen stationed there. The base’s presence in Tajikistan expires in 2014, according to existing agreements.

The source said that in a new draft agreement on the prolongation of the base’s presence Tajikistan included 20 provisions, which are “unclear and unacceptable for Russia.”

The Russian Defense Ministry neither confirmed nor rejected this information saying that it still did not receive the draft agreement from Tajikistan, the daily added.

Under the current agreements Russia does not pay Tajikistan for its military base, but renders the country military and technical assistance. However, this form of assistance is not officially stated as a form of the payment.