At the end of Vicente Fox’s term, Mexico had seven cartels, while President Felipe Calderon recognizes only 11 criminal organizations in 2011. Leaders of thugs converted into little bosses , divided and struggled for criminal control in the 32 states of Mexico. It is known, they are killing and denouncing one another. As are armed wings, are dedicated to all crimes: the movement of drugs, domestic sales in Mexican municipalities, kidnapping, extortion and trafficking in persons, without that the big mafias can not control them.
The federal government constant hits on the drug cartels have caused reorganization, admitted in May 2008 by the President of the Republic, Felipe Calderón.
Indeed, since December 2006, each time you stop a capo comes three or even 10 more trying to replace him. This multiplying effect has generated cell operation, usually as assassins, whose ambition and betrayal, end up converting into little “cartelitos” fighting for territorial control and expansion of drug trafficking.
Of the seven drug cartels operating in Mexico with the arrival of the Calderon administration in 2006, pruning has brought forth a multiplication by 400 percent. Currently governments are coordinated fighting at least 28 criminal groups.
Besides the large cartels, recognized by the Attorney General’s Office (PGR), as the Arellano Felix, Colima, the Juarez, Sinaloa, the Gulf, the Millennium and Pedro Diaz Parada.
Now authorities and society must confront not only drug trafficking but the kidnapping of people, extortion of businesses, and murders committed by these cells empowered by thugs:
Cartel del Acapulco
Cartel del Pacifico Sur
Cartel de Acapulco
Cartel de Guadalajara
Cartel del Centro Narco
Cartel de Jalisco Nuevo Generation
Cartel del Milenio
La Familia Michoacana
Los Caballeros Templarios
In Baja California, Three are Los Teos and independent groups of Guadalajara and Los Aboytes in the State of Mexico and the Anthrax in Sinaloa, and a number of criminal groups that the PGR announced in 2011, are on the verge of annihilation. The truth is that of the 28 of the registered groups of drug traffickers ZETA , noticed during his “Message to mark the fifth year in office,” on December 8 in Monterrey, Calderon only recognized 11 cartels: Gulf, Zetas, La Familia, Pacific, New Generation Jalisco Cartel, La Resistencia, Beltrán Leyva, Arellano Felix Juarez, Knights Templar and La Barbie.
Baja California and the CAF
This fragmentation of Mexican organized crime, which has encouraged the expansion of cartelitos, most extensively the Sinaloa cartel, Juarez, Gulf and Los Zetas, arrived in Tijuana.
First, Eduardo Garcia Simental revealed “El Teo”, chief of the armed wing of the Arellano Felix Cartel (CAF), which since 2006 Fernando Sanchez Arellano “The Engineer” remained in charge after the capture of Javier Arellano Felix alias “EL Tigrillo” .
With the support of José Soto “El Tigre” which came from the Sinaloa Cartel, the transfer of marijuana goes big, start a fight against the nephew of the Arellano, born “Los Teos” and the arrival Sinaloa cartel based in Mexicali, Alfredo Arteaga and / or Arzate, in late 2009, early 2010, Sinaloa won the Plaza de Tijuana, becoming drug supplier of all cells of the CAF, and a kind of independent dealers cartel headed by Ismael “El Mayo “Zambada and Joaquin” El Chapo “Guzman.
Also arise “The Achilles”, which operate directly for the dealer and opens the door for the arrival of other lieutenants of Sinaloa, as Gustavo Inzunza, “El Sergio” and Cenobio Flores “El Checo”.
Precisely in the midst of the struggle generated from 2008 and before or up to the weakening of the CAF, in the last two years, the presence of La Familia Michoacana in the state increased, showing an increase in captures.
In fact, during the first half of 2010 ( ZETA edition 1877), the authorities detected the presence in Tecate of Jose de Jesus Mendez Vargas, better known as “El Chango”, who had his headquarters no more and no less than in The Rumorosa. He was arrested in Aguacalientes, June 2011 as leader of the family allied to los Zetas.
In the coastal zone of Baja California, paid plaza “The Engineer”, but the thugs of “Achilles” began to kill and were denounced by the authorities.
Another presence that has been highlighted is that of independent groups Cartel de Guadalajara, they also pay plaza and to CAF and operate with low-key, sheltered by Manuel López Núñez “Don Balas.”
During 2011, only the State Preventive Police (PEP) captured 304 criminals from Jalisco, Michoacan and Sonora.
As tenants and concessioners of the Sinaloa cartel, oat least seven cells that are accountable to Fernando Sanchez Arellano still operating in the coastal zone of Baja California, led by “Pelioni”, “The Kieto”, “El Mostro”, “Chikako “Manuel Núñez López” “Don Balas” “Mario Montes de Oca” El Mario “,” El Turbo,”, ” El Bibi ” and Melvin Gutierrez Quiroz” “El Melvin “, besides” “El Camacho “or” “El Marino “.
Pacific Cartel or Sinaloa: Strengthened
Currently regarded as the richest and most powerful drug lord Joaquin “El Chapo” Guzman heads this cartel with Ismael “El Mayo” Zambada, whose presence was reported this year by U.S. authorities, in Central and South America and Europe. “The Mexican cartels have become transnational organizations with the power to influence U.S. elections and are the new face of organized crime, worse than the Italian mafia,” as Joaquin Guzman “is the world’s most dangerous criminal, and probably the richest, with unsurpassed power to influence, corrupt and kill” They will be noticed this month and last month by the news agency EFE ,the director of the Federal Drug Enforcement Agency (DEA) in Chicago, Jack Riley.
The criminal group was born in the late 80s, when Miguel Angel Felix Gallardo distributed the Pacific route after his capture.
As armed services who subsequently began operations as little cartelitos, have :
After the death of “Nacho” Coronel in Zapopan, on July 29, 2010 and the subsequent emergence of the Cartel de Jalisco Nueva Generacion independent of the Sinaloa cartel, Joaquin “El Chapo” Guzman, fought Jalisco Cartel Nueva Generacion and Los Zetas through the criminal group known as Gente Nueva.
Gente Nueva operates in Sinaloa, Chihuahua, Jalisco and Veracruz, where “El Chapo” disputes the Gulf Cartel and Los Zetas, for control of the coveted port of Veracruz and Boca del Rio. In fact, the killing of 35 people in Boca del Rio, September 20, 2011, was attributed (through narcobanners firms with the bodies) to this group.
Los Artistas Asesinos and los Mexicles
In Chihuahua, particularly Ciudad Juarez, Noe Salgueiro, one of the founders of Nueva Gente, until last October led to groups of thugs and Mexicles identified as AA and Mexicles, who heads some 20 000 young people under 20 years, integrated murderous gangs that control the drug smuggling routes and transporting.
Identified since early 2000, the brothers Rodriguez Olivera, originating in Jalisco, operating with Sinaloa from Cancun to Texas and are currently targets of the Department of the Treasury of the United States as drug cartel leaders of money laundering.
Cartel de Juarez
Founded by Amado Carrillo Fuentes, “The Lord of skies” is one of the most powerful in the country. It is dedicated to the traffic of cocaine and marijuana, but allows the passage of heroin through its territory in exchange for shares of narcotics.
Separated from the Sinaloan Cartel, this cartel has also had its tentacles across the country and has presence in over 21 the almost 32 states, through the various little cartelitos:
La Linea and Los Aztecas
In Ciudad Juarez is the armed wing of the Juarez Cartel, which has allowed them to retain the criminal plaza, composed of tens of thousands of youths from Juarez, originally an offshoot from the El Paso prison gang, Barrio Azteca . They are enemies of Los Artistas Asesinos and operate on both sides of the border.
Los Beltran Leyva and Cartel del Pacifico Sur
They began as operators of the Juarez Cartel. In the beginning of millennium, they were protected by Guzman Loera , but since 2004 they began to operate semi-independently. In 2008 they split from the Sinaloa cartel because “El Chapo’s” people betrayed Alfredo Beltran Leyva “EL Mochomo” and he was captured.
In December 2009, after the death of Arturo Beltran Leyva, the group responsible for Valdez Edgar “La Barbie” and the Beltran left as head of what has since been identified as the South Pacific Cartel, a group blamed for the murder of son the poet Javier Sicilia.
They were part of the armed group Pacific Cartel, to weaken and separate from “Barbie”, become independent and integrated into two groups that control the criminal activity in the center of the country: one led by Adrian Ramirez “El Hongo” and Jose Jorge Balderas Garza “JJ”; the other Oscar by Osvaldo Garcia Montoya “El Compayito”, the same as they who call themselves The Hand with Eyes. All are arrested, but supplemented by other gunmen who were eagerly awaiting their chance to finally become bosses.
Independent of Edgar Valdez, were a group of thugs who until August 2010 operated mainly in Morelos and Guerrero, when their leader was captured. Then again divide: Los Negros were under the command of the father of “Barbie”, Carlos Montemayor Gonzalez “El Charro”, arrested in November.
Cartel Independient de Acapulco (CIDA)
The armed group led by Isidro Juarez Solis “El Kirry” Gilberto Morales Castrejon “Commander Gil” and Benjamin Flores “El Padrino”, created the Cartel de Acapulco identified as responsible for the kidnapping and murder of 20 tourists from Michoacan. Their main enemy of Cartel del South Pacifico and La Barredora.
Another group that emerged from the division of cartel “La Barbie”, self-identified as La Barredora, led by Eder Jair Carbajal Sosa “El Cremas,” Christian Tarin Hernandez “The Chris” and Victor Manuel Rivera Galeana “El Gordo”, all captured and supplied to the end of this year.
This group arose because Moses Montero, Carlos Barragan and Isidro Juarez Solis, attempted to kill “El Chris”.
The original cartel operated from 60s to late 80s, headed by Rafael Caro Quintero and Miguel Angel Felix Gallardo , sharing in the early 90s, giving rise to the cartels operating in the Pacific and center of the county.
Cartel de Jalisco Nueva Generacion
After abatement by the military in Zapopan on July 29, 2010 in “Nacho” Coronel (leader of the Sinaloa cartel in Jalisco), opened up the emergence of the New Generation Jalisco Cartel (CJNG) of the hand of Margarito Soto Reyes “El Tigre”, the successor of Colonel.
During the second half of 2010, the CJNG accustomed to displaying narcomantas on the streets of Guadalajara to make themselves known. The criminal cell La Resistencia de Jalisco dispute la plaza.. It has lost its leaders: the nephew of “Nacho” Coronel, Mario Carrasco Coronel, “El Gallo”, killed July 30, 2010, Margarito Soto Reyes, who was arrested by the army on September 27 of that year on July 10 2011, another nephew of “Nacho” Coronel, Colonel Martin Beltran “El Aguila”.was arrested by the military in Zapopan
Currently Nemesio Oseguera” “El Mencho” directs the CJNG, still legacy of “Nacho” Coronel and some relatives of the latter.
The depletion by the military in Zapopan, on July 29, 2010, by Ignacio “Nacho” Coronel (leader of the Sinaloa cartel in Jalisco) and the extradition of Oscar Orlando Nava Valencia (leader of Cartel de Milenio), Jalisco became in a war zone between the Jalisco Cartel and La Resistance.
In turn, the resistance is made up of Cartel del Milenio, La Familia Michoacana and the Gulf Cartel.
The resistance was led by Victor Manuel Torres García “The Papirrín”, arrested on February 28, 2011 by the Federal Police.
La Resistancia was currently operates in Jalisco, Michoacan, Mexico State and Federal District. It is headed by Elpidio Mojarro “Don Pilo” and “El Melon” and aims to “align and clean the place” of the invasion of Los Zetas.
Neither the state government PAN nor President Felipe Calderon, can bring order to Jalisco: 2 000 535 executions in the current federal six-year period.
Cartel del Golfo
Cartel de Gulfo (CDG) is one of the oldest criminal organizations in Mexico, having its heyday in the 80s and 90s, when it was led by kingpin Juan Garcia Abrego in the states of Tamaulipas, Nuevo Leon and Veracruz, After his arrest on January 14, 1996, Osiel Cardenas Guillen takes the lead until his arrest, which occurred on March 14, 2003, since then his brother, Ezequiel Cardenas Guillen, has led the criminal organization.
During Felipe Calderon’s war against organized crime, Ezequiel Cardenas, was killed in Matamoros on November 5, 2010 was killed by members of the Navy. Jorge Eduardo Costilla Sánchez “El Coss” assumed control of the Gulf Cartel.
Los Rojos and Los Metros
After the separation of the Zetas from the Gulf Cartel in December 2009, The latter, CDG, was armed with two branches: The Reds, very close to the Cardenas family (Rafael Cardenas, a nephew of Osiel and Ezekiel) and The Meters, faithful to Eduardo Costilla.
Recently, on November 30, Ezequiel Cardenas Rivera, 23, scion of Ezequiel Cardenas Guillen, was arrested by the Navy in Matamoros.
An extremely bloody cartel, Los Zetas originally were the enforcement arm of Gulf Cartel, led by Osiel Cardenas Guillen, however, according to the arrested assassins while reporting to the Attorney General in December 2009, they broke with allies because of differences in the control of markets and routes.
Led by former military man, Heriberto Lazcano Lazcano “The Lazca”, Los Zetas were disputing and vying for control of the routes of transfer of cocaine from Colombia, originally controlled by the Gulf Cartel.
In the clash between “Zetas” and “CDG” in Tamaulipas, Nuevo Leon and Veracruz, ZETA has documented 4,767 deaths between 2010 and 2011, ie 7.8 percent of executions of a total of 60,420 in which ranging from six years of President Calderon, have occurred in these three areas.
Currently Los Zetas fight not only for dominance in Tamaulipas, Nuevo Leon, and Veracruz, but has become the second largest criminal organization in the country, disputing control in most of the country the Sinaloa Cartel.
Hoods and military fronts, armed with “goat horns”, dressed in black. The Matazetas refer to themselves. The paramilitary group officially came to half of the administration of President Felipe Calderon in 2009, when an anonymous call to the Offices of Special Investigations into Organized Crime (SIEDO) warned: “Cancun and Veracruz, and begin to remove Zetas, because citizens are fed up with crime. ” The emergence of Matazetas coincidentally matches in the same year that the Gulf Cartel and Los Zetas were divided.
Undoubtedly, the fact that marked a watershed event in the identification of the paramilitary group was when, in a video posted on YouTube, Los Matazetas claimed the killing of 35 people found Sept. 20 in Boca del Rio, Veracruz.
The paramilitary group calling itself the “armed wing of the people” or “faceless warriors,” issued in the video: “Only fighting on equal terms can we eradicate the roots of the cartel Los Zetas. And for this we ask the authorities to support us to stop … and that society we do not rely on extortion not kidnap or affected property. ”
They say: “Our focus is on Los Zetas, we respect the armed forces and powers of the state.” To date, mysteriously the neither intelligence apparatus of the states nor the government of President Felipe Calderon, has led to the arrest of any paramilitary Los Matazetas.
La Familia Michoacana
Originally, from 2006 LFM was an armed group of the Gulf Cartel and Los Zetas in the state of Michoacan to fight the Cartel del Milenio of the Valencia Brothers or the Purepecha land of Milenio.
After Felipe Calderon won the presidency of the Republic on July 2, 2006, a month of taking office in November of that year, LFM, working for the Gulf Cartel and Los Zetas, declared their independence. From then on, they used to send messages to their adversaries and the authorities, through banners in public places in Michoacan cities, even in the midst of the same “Operation Michoacán”, launched for six years alongside the president of the country.
La Familia Michoacana leadership emerged Esteban González “M5”, Jose de Jesus Mendez Vargas “El Chango Méndez” Arnoldo Rueda “La Minsa” (detained on July 11, 2009), Enrique Plancarte “La Chiva” Servando Gomez “La Tuta” and Nazario Moreno “El Chayo” (killed by the army on December 9, 2010). On the death of “El Chayo” followed the emergence of another cartel in Michoacan.
Los Caballeros Templarios
A month after the death of Nazario Moreno, Servando Gomez “La Tuta” and Enrique Plancarte , the Knights Templar criminal group, formed in January 2011 due to the differences they had with “El Chango Méndez”.
It was released through narcobanners in various cities in Michoacan, among them Morelia, Zitacuaro and Apatzingan.
The Knights Templar signed: ” We inform the society, Michoacan society and make it known that from today (March 2011) we’re here performing altruistic activities previously performed by the La Familia Michoacana.”
Some of the goals embodied in the Knights Templar narcobanners, are similar to those of Matazetas: “save and keep order, prevent theft, kidnappings, extortions, the fact that the government of President Calderon can not guarantee security in the country.”
Cartel del Milenio
In the decade of the 70s, Jose Valencia bored by avocados cultivation was looking for better inroads into the more prosperous marijuana business back in the fertile Aguillas municipality, in Michoacan which he found. The cartel reached its peak in the 80s and 90s, due to its links with former Medellin Cartel in Colombia.
At the beginning of the first decade of the new millennium, the SIEDO considered the cartel as a “lower band” due to the arrest of its leader, Armando Valencia, August 16, 2003.
The Cartel del Milenio lost the hands of the Gulf Cartel to one of their leaders, Ventura Valencia Valencia on April 17, 2007. Later, Oscar Nava Valencia “El Lobo” was arrested on October 28, 2010 by the Army and extradited to the U.S. on January 29 this year. Finally, on May 6th, the army also arrested Jose Luis Nava Valencia, who said his name was Francisco Javier Orozco Villasenor and Victor Hugo Nava Lopez.
Despite the killings and arrests, the government of President Calderon can not stop the cartel goals, on the contrary, now it is led by Eric Valencia and Salvador Urena Revueltas, among other killers.
Cartel de Oaxaca
Also known as the Cartel of the Diaz Parada, Oaxaca Cartel or the Isthmus of Tehuantepec, was founded in the 80s by Pedro Diaz Parada “El Cacique Oaxaqueno”, arrested on January 17, 2007 by soldiers and federal police .
Barely 6 May, the federal government announced the arrest of a woman and two men from the Diaz Panoja, from the Pedro Diaz Parada family.
According to the PGR, the Cartel de Oaxaca operates in that state Oaxaca and Guerrero, and their areas of influence extends to Veracruz, Chiapas, Tamaulipas, Durango, Chihuahua and Mexico City.
Established by Jose de Jesus and Adan Amezcua Contreras in the late 80s, while all cartels were entertained by the culture of marijuana and cocaine transport, this pair of brothers wasted no time and since at least 1988, chose to enter in the business of the modern production of synthetic drugs: ephedrine, pseudoephedrine and phenylpropanolamine. They earned the nickname “Kings of Ecstasy.” and were arrested in 2004.
The port of Manzanillo is the largest recipient of anti-influenza precursors from Asia and Europe for the production of synthetic drugs for export.
Like the Tijuana Cartel, in that behind the nickname Arellano is Enedina Arellano, the Colima Cartel is led by Patricia Amezcua, incidentally, the sister of Jose de Jesus and Adan.
Finally, both within the Sinaloa Cartel, Juarez Cartel, Gulf Cartel, Cartel de Milenio, Cartel de Oaxaca and Cartel de Colima, provides its armed divisions.
The trend is clear: cells led by relatives of the founders of the cartels against armed wings of the same, but who are not their relatives. A clear example is the Gulf Cartel, its armed, the red (close to the family Cárdenas Guillén) and meters (led by Eduardo Costilla) are antagonistic groups and are about to split, so we see that the number of cartels soon grow to more than 28 during the last year of President Felipe Calderon.
In addition to the multiplication of groups, neither have the captures affected the flow of drugs. The number of marijuana users in over 12 years in the United States grew from 14 million in 2007 to over 17 million in 2010, according to a national survey in that country. In Mexico, the percentage of users of the herb has quadrupled in the last 12 years, according to a report issued in February 2011 by the Secretary of Federal Public Safety, Genaro Garcia Luna, the Congress, based on the World Drug Report of the Organization United Nations (UN), which records 3 million Mexicans who use this drug.
The truth is that, while President Felipe Calderon recognizes only 11 criminal organizations, the reality is that Zeta has registered 28 separate criminal groups. That is, if in 2006 the PGR recognized seven cartels and in 2011 the weekly notices 28 criminal organizations, the average annual rise of “little cartelitos” is 4.2 percent.
If criminal division is still happening and keeping the same pace, by the end of his sixth year, Mexico will have more than 30 separate criminal organizations.
Link to original article in Zeta (the link has had problems today on and off)