Proof of Jordanian Gendarme Force In Bahrain


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Jordanian Political Forces’ Position on Bahrain Uprising: 

Analysis of the Muslim Brotherhood Group,

Youth and Partisan Forces


Fuad Hussein
(Jordanian Writer)

10 May 2012

Jordan’s official and popular stands on the Bahraini events were conflicting; the Jordanian Government›s official stand was absolutely biased in favor of the Bahraini Government owing to the nature of the unique relations between the two Royal Regimes. As a result, the Bahraini security and military structure depended in many respects on Jordan; particularly in terms of training and recruitment. Meanwhile, the position of the Jordanian Street, especially moves launched by youths spearheading the Jordanian Spring, was supportive of the Bahraini moves without any reservation.
The Jordan Parliament stand in this regard has been compatible with the Government stand. It is no surprise especially if we take into consideration the statements made by several Jordanian official figures that the Jordanian Parliamentary Elections of 2007 and 2010 were forged (1).
On the whole, all political parties were initially supportive and backed the Bahraini people›s moves in line with their stance towards all Arab Spring movements. But stances thereafter started showing some difference and distinction, especially after accession to power by the Muslim Brotherhood in both of Egypt and Tunisia along with the outbreak of riots in Syria. In fact, the Muslim Brotherhood Group in Jordan has changed its stance, thereby showing full-scale turnaround and taking sides with the Brotherhood Coalition that is aligned with the Gulf Petrodollars advocated by both Turkey and the West. However, the Pan-Arab and Leftist parties along with the Street movement reflecting the Jordanian Spring remained supportive of the Bahraini street movement.

The Official Position

The official relations between Jordan and Bahrain
have historically been extraordinarily strong and
more unique than Jordan›s relations with

other Gulf countries. Thus, Jordan has since the
beginning of riots in Bahrain assumed a position
evidently in favor of the Regime in Manama. After
one week of the beginning of protests in Bahrain
on 14 February 2011, the Jordanian Government
invited the Bahraini Opposition for «a dialogue
with the Government and for responding positively
to an initiative launched by the Bahraini Monarch:
Hamad Ben Essa Al Khalifa»(2).
What is of interest about the invitation
addressed by the Jordanian Government through
Jordan›s Minister of Foreign Affairs Naser Joudeh
is his affirmation of «Jordan›s absolute rejection of
foreign interference in Bahrain›s internal affairs.»
Apparently, this stance involves double-standard
approach to the Arab Revolutions which invoked
the grudge and criticism of both politicians and
writers. While official Jordanian zeal for the
Libyan revolution has reached the point of military
involvement, the official stance on the protests in
Bahrain has been quite the contrary.
Jordan›s official position on the Bahrain events
has been compatible with the nature of Jordan›s
unique relations with the Gulf Cooperation
Council (GCC) States which are built on the basis
of benefiting such countries from Jordan›s human
and vocational expertise, in general, and military
and security capabilities, in particular.
Jordan›s biased position in favor of the Bahraini
Regime›s alternatives at the expense of the
popular moves has been adopted on the grounds
of Jordan›s realization that the GCC, which is
thinking of developing such equation into a
Federation to face up to the tempests striking the
Arab World from the Ocean to the Gulf, will not
allow the downfall of any member thereof into the
claws of the Arab Spring, and will not eventually
allow the downfall of the Regime in Bahrain for
considerations related to possible infection with
the spread of the democracy syndrome, apart from
retaining balance of power in the region.
The popular position on the Bahrain protests
has been quite different from the official stance
in the sense that the Jordanian street has rapped
the official stance on the Bahraini moves, and
also rapped the alleged official involvement for
quelling the Bahraini moves, especially after local
and Arab media reports indicating participation
by Jordan Gendarmerie Forces in curbing
demonstrations there and that some demonstrators
suffered injuries in such confrontations.
«Khabar Jo», Jordan News Website, spoke about
a condition of severe resentment and tension on
the part of families of Jordan Gendarmerie troops
who returned from Bahrain with injuries as such
families arrived at Marka Military Airport to
welcome their sons(3).
Kuwaiti Newspaper (Al QABAS) later reported
three Jordanian Gendarmerie troops to have been
injured during their participation in quelling
the Bahraini demonstrators. This was followed
by news reports carried by the (Bahrain Mirror)
Website that three thousand elements from
the Jordan Gendarmerie participated with the
Peninsula Shield forces for quelling the Bahraini
The Jordanian Government rapidly denied
any military participation by Jordan to curb
the Bahraini moves, and also denied reports on
Jordan›s acceptance of a financial offer in return
for participation by its security forces in thwarting
the Bahraini movement. The first Government
denial came through Government Spokesman
Taher Al Adwan who affirmed to Jordanian media

that Jordan has not sent forces to the Kingdom of
By the same token, Dr. Mohammad Al Halaiqa,
Chairman of Foreign Affairs Committee at the
Jordan House of Deputies (former Deputy Prime
Minister), denied in a statement made to journalists
alleged presence of Jordanian forces in Bahrain,
saying: «Jordanian support allegedly provided to
Bahrain through military forces is unfounded and
is not based on any evidence whatsoever»(6).
At the military level, Director of the General
Department of Gendarmerie Forces, General
Tawfiq Tawalbeh denied any participation by the
Jordanian Gendarmerie Forces in the Bahrain
The Jordanian denial has not been of any value
for two reasons; First: Reports recurrently made
on participation by the Jordanian Gendarmerie
forces in quelling the Bahrain moves coincided
with declaring the proposal for Jordan›s Ascension
to the GCC. It was indicated by the majority of
analyses which the Arab and international media
published then that annexation of Jordan to the
GCC was intended to benefit from Jordan›s security
expertise and military capabilities to face up to the
internal and external risks to which some GCC
States are exposed, especially Bahrain and Saudi
Arabia. Therefore, Bahrain Minister of Foreign
Affairs Sheikh Khaled Ben Ahmad Al Khalifa has
been prompted to deny such reports, saying:
«There are no military objectives behind Jordan›s
ascension to the GCC, and there are no military
objectives for annexing Jordan and Morocco to
the GCC of Arab States towards confronting the
Iranian interference in the (GCC) States”.
in Khost Explosion which a Jordanian physician
carried out against a group of senior US Intelligence
officers at Khost Base of Afghanistan. However,
the Jordanian Government used to claim earlier
that participation by its forces in Afghanistan was
limited to providing humanitarian aid and relief
work. (For further details on Jordanian involvement
in Afghanistan, see(9) ).
What lend credence to the Jordanian street’s
doubts of probable participation by Jordanian
forces in the Bahraini security effort to curb
the moves is the news report which the British
Newspaper, THE INDEPENDANT published on
terminating the employment contracts of 90
Jordanian officers working within the Bahraini
Security Forces for their role in dealing with the