Human Stampede

[Ignore the Indian perspective given in the opening of the following post and you find an excellent description of the effects of social media upon the ability of humans to communicate.]

All the world’s in a moral panic

The Hindu

Nitin Pai

As the argumentative Indian makes way for the outraged Indian, public discourse threatens to spiral into uncharted territory. It is time we switched off from breaking news and instant analysis.

The outpouring of outrage that has characterised public discourse over the past few years shows no signs of abating.

A few years ago, many were outraged, first against corruption, and then against those who were not supporting the movement that had sprung up in protest. Over the last few weeks, we saw outrage being directed at actor Anupam Kher and his fellows for directing outrage against those expressing outrage against outrageous acts of violence against people who had said things that were considered outrageous. Then, in Bengaluru, a community-organised, traditionally non-partisan literary festival became the locus of a controversy where many were outraged that some writers had threatened to pull out of the event. This was due to their outrage over the remarks of one of the organisers who had criticised those who had returned their awards in outrage against the government that they saw as silent in the face of violent outrage against intellectuals whose views the killers considered outrageous.

Earlier, we used to react to events. Then we began reacting to the media’s portrayal of events. Now, with social media, we react to reactions to events, and reactions to reactions to reactions to events, and so on.

First we had news. Then it became a news cycle, then an outrage cycle, and now we have nested, recursive outrage cycles. There are cycles within cycles. Public discourse is fast spiralling into unknown territory. It is now mostly a grotesque drama of screaming anchors, shouting talking heads, hyperventilating reporters, partisan commentators, opportunistic cheerleaders and online hordes of the self-righteous, all venting outrage against their respective devils of the day. To not stone the devil is to invite association with him.

Dysfunctional democracy

This is dangerous to public policy and, at a deeper level, to our democratic republic: policy disagreements turn permanent and ever greater, the credibility of knowledge is forever in doubt, and the legitimacy of political authority is contested. For decades, India has been walking the tightrope between being a deliberative democracy and a confrontational one. If the current trend breaches the middle class and permeates the masses, the country risks falling off the tightrope, ending up as a dysfunctional democracy.

Yatha raja, tatha praja [like ruler, like ruled]. In a democracy, it is yatha praja, tatha raja too. Those who govern us are cut from the same cloth as the rest of us. It might not be a mere coincidence that there is increasing dysfunction in Parliament, where, too, outrage — not debate — is the currency of political contestation.

We are in the throes of a new form of what sociologists call “moral panics”. The term originated in the late 1960s, when sociologist and criminologist Stanley Cohen identified a social phenomenon of exaggerated responses to events, egged by the then emergent mass media, championed by “moral entrepreneurs”, leading to disproportionate changes to laws. In his own words, “Moral panics are expressions of disapproval, condemnation, or criticism, that arise every now and then to phenomenon, which could be defined as deviant… The media are carriers of moral panics, which they either initiate themselves, or they carry the message of other groups… The moral part is the condemnation and social disapproval, and the panic is the element of hysteria and over reaction. Which subsequently can be applied to all sorts of waves of phenomenon. It is largely created by the media: no media — no moral panic.”

Folk devils

Cohen coined the term “folk devil” to describe certain individuals or groups that are presumed to be a threat to society. Folk devils are painted — by the media — as entirely negative in character, with no redeeming features. They are then hysterically vilified by the public, and sought to be severely penalised. From youth gangs in the late-1960s, to concerns over inner-city crimes, to drug epidemics and so on, scholars have diagnosed many social phenomena as moral panics. Importantly, moral panics can be based on reality, and they can highlight desirable issues: what characterises them is exaggeration and volatility. In other words, society moving from outrage to outrage.

Diversity adds further fuel to the fire. Cohen notes that “as long as there is not one single set of moral values across a whole society, there will always be these episodes of moral panic”. Ergo, in India, with its immense diversity along ethnic, geographic, religious, class and caste lines, we are especially vulnerable. The question of whether women should be free to wear jeans, for instance, is likely to cause separate moral panics in conservative, liberal, local and national circles.

Effect of social media

We are yet to see academic studies of how the advent of social media changes the course of moral panics. Societies are already getting deeply networked with the penetration of mobile phones and the Internet. Twitter, to take one example, has lowered the quality of public discourse where blogs had once elevated it. WhatsApp forwards are personalised gonzo journalism, far more pernicious because people might believe such personal messages more than they would believe in a tabloid known and consumed for its sensationalism. Santosh Desai, advertising professional and columnist, argues that “[there] is a growing constituency for expressing feelings that one should not have but one does, and upon finding that there are many more who feel similarly, these politically incorrect sentiments get crystallised into a larger movement”.

Moral panics in radically networked societies are likely to be intense, personal and, of course, transient. It is unclear how they will affect public policy: politicians and bureaucrats can overreact to what they see as popular demand, or contrarily, tend to ignore what they see as a temporary fad among the digitally connected population. Either way, there are risks. Politicians and parties need to keep their ear to the ground as well as have a finger on the pulse to function effectively. If they lose it, or are confused, the results are unpredictable.

Unfortunately, we know little about how to manage and defuse ordinary moral panics, less these social media-driven recursive ones. We have to grope our way out of the darkness. The stakes, especially for us in India, are high: it is not only about sustaining the conditions for economic growth and transformation. It is also about preserving our constitutional values: As Mr. Desai warns, albeit in another context, there is a risk of how “using the instrument of democracy, fear and divisiveness are likely to triumph over ideals and inclusiveness”.

How to calm down

So, what can we do to calm down? Everyone in India who consumes news must engage in introspection and self-reflection. This, however, is too much to ask before a deep national crisis, which, let us hope, does not visit us. However, leaders of civil society, the media and public intellectuals do have a responsibility to challenge certitudes instead of reinforcing the passionate intensities.

At the risk of preaching my own preferences, dear reader, you can take the first step by stopping watching television. All television. Stop believing what you receive on WhatsApp and forwarded emails. Limit your exposure to social media, except during emergencies. Instead, embrace proven wireless technology with nearly infinite battery life: newspapers and magazines. Cold print is still more conducive to reflection than television or your Twitter app.

That said, I do plan to tweet this article, share it on Facebook, forward it on WhatsApp and email. And someone, somewhere is bound to express outrage over it.

(Nitin Pai is director of the Takshashila Institution, an independent think tank and school of public policy.)


DARPA On Your Mind–9/1/2004

DARPA On Your Mind

DARPA On Your Mind


“One might well wonder what “things” the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA) has in mind to do “at great distances,” and what else might thereby be made possible. The epigraph that opens this article comes at the end of a discussion, headed Enhanced Human Performance, in a Defense Department paper in which the authors declare, “The goal is to exploit the life sciences to make the individual warfighter stronger, more alert, more endurant, and better able to heal.” DARPA’s Continuous Assisted Performance (CAP) program, the document continues, “is investigating ways to prevent fatigue and enable soldiers to stay awake, alert, and effective for up to seven days straight without suffering any deleterious mental or physical effects and without using any of the current generation of stimulants.” Experiments are cited in which a monkey has been trained to manipulate a computer mouse or a telerobotic arm “simply by thinking about it.”

These remarkable objectives would be easier to dismiss if the agency could not boast such an impressive track record. Its overall mission is to bring discoveries from fundamental research to bear on the mission requirements of today’s warfighters, to accelerate the pace of applicable discoveries.
Among DARPA’s accomplishments in its continuous effort to “fill the gap” between basic research and military use are the Saturn rocket, ground radar, the Stealth Fighter, and the Predator missile. DARPA-developed Unmanned Aerial Vehicles have been used in Afghanistan and elsewhere. And then, of course, there is the one innovation that might prove to be the most socially trans-forming of them all: the Internet.”
by Jonathan D. Moreno
Applied science may once again play a
decisive role in changing the face of armed
conflict, and the rest of human affairs, by
shifting the battlefield to our very brains.
The national-security establishment—and
particularly the Pentagon’s Defense Advanced
Research Projects Agency (DARPA)—
supports research at the intersection of neuro-
science and national security that could u
ltimately enable authorities to do things like
enhance (or muddle, or erase) memory,
monitor crowds for individuals whose brain
patterns correlate with aggressive behaviors,
or control weapons from afar merely with
thoughts. What are the dangers of such infor-
mation falling into “the wrong hands,” and
are there any “right hands” for this kind
of knowledge? Is any extension of human
abilities justified by the need for government
to protect its society?
The long-term Defense implications of finding
ways to turn
thoughts into acts
, if it [sic] can
be developed, are enormous: Imagine U.S.
warfighters that only need use the power of
their thoughts to do things at great distances
(emphasis in original).
—Strategic Plan, Defense Advanced Research
A few years ago on a bucolic drive
 from Charlottesville, Virginia, to
Washington, DC, my cell phone

rang. Like any good citizen, I pulled over

before I took the call.
“Dr. Moreno?” a female voice said.
“Yes?” I said.
“I need to talk to you about a matter—
actually, it’s…a national security matter.”
“Uh, yes?”
“I read your book. I have been the
victim of a government experiment, and
I need to talk to you.”
As I have done many times, I tried
to assure the caller that I am not a physician
or a lawyer, only a bioethics professor who
wrote a book about human experiments and
national security. I expressed my sympathy
but told her I was unable to give her relief.
Nonetheless, like others who have called or
e-mailed me in the past six years, she was
sure I could somehow help her. Mercifully,
I lost the cell signal and the call.
I believe that people who think they
have been victimized by government mind–
control experiments are misguided, yet I am
also impressed that there are thousands of
such persons. I have worked for two presiden-
tial advisory commissions and have heard

many of these people provide perfectly lucid

testimony about scenarios I find fantastic.
Some of them are courageous and resolute in
the struggle they perceive as having been foist-
ed on them; others are distraught and terrified
of what horrors the next day may bring.
Despite the vast distance between their
worldviews and mine, I have long been
impressed at the irreducible kernel of truth
behind these people’s bizarre obsessions: The
scientific community, in fact, has had a great
deal of interest in “mind control,” particu-
larly those scientists in the United States and
elsewhere who have been supported by the
national security establishment. The history
of this activity has been rich and rather odd,
an offbeat slice of our cultural history. But
the future is far more suggestive; it adds fuel
to the fire that inflames those fearful minds
most of us find hard to understand.
One might well wonder what “things”
the Defense Advanced Research Projects
Agency (DARPA) has in mind to do “at
great distances,” and what else might thereby
be made possible. The epigraph that opens
this article comes at the end of a discussion,
headed Enhanced Human Performance, in
a Defense Department paper in which the
authors declare, “The goal is to exploit the
life sciences to make the individual warfighter
stronger, more alert, more endurant, and
better able to heal.” DARPA’s Continuous
Assisted Performance (CAP) program, the
document continues, “is investigating ways
to prevent fatigue and enable soldiers to stay
awake, alert, and effective for up to seven days
straight without suffering any deleterious
mental or physical effects and without using
any of the current generation of stimulants.”
Experiments are cited in which a monkey
has been trained to manipulate a computer
mouse or a telerobotic arm “simply by
thinking about it.”
These remarkable objectives would
be easier to dismiss if the agency could not
boast such an impressive track record. Its
overall mission is to bring discoveries from
fundamental research to bear on the mission
requirements of today’s warfighters, to
accelerate the pace of applicable discoveries.
Among DARPA’s accomplishments in its
continuous effort to “fill the gap” between
basic research and military use are the Saturn
rocket, ground radar, the Stealth Fighter,
and the Predator missile. DARPA-developed
Unmanned Aerial Vehicles have been used
in Afghanistan and elsewhere. And then,
of course, there is the one innovation that
might prove to be the most socially trans-
forming of them all: the Internet.
These mechanical and electronic inno-
vations required extraordinary resources,
foresight, intelligence, and patience. Unlike
other areas of government, decades of
development are acceptable in the DARPA
framework. Today the agency is turning its
considerable ingenuity and generous funding
($3 billion in fiscal year 2005) to the poten-
tialities of biology, including, as we have
seen, the enhancing of human performance.
The onrush of discoveries about the
brain and the concomitant technological
advancements suggest at least a few areas
of interest. Two of these—improving
intellectual endurance and achieving mental
control at a distance—are mentioned in
DARPA’s Strategic Plan. Others, such as
memory enhancement and distant brain
scanning (by means of a device that could
detect telltale blood flow in certain neural
systems from a distance), also suggest inter-
esting possibilities at the intersection of neu-
roscience and national security. In addition,
they present formidable ethical questions
that our society has barely articulated, let
alone carefully addressed. Are there places
that science just should not go when it
comes to what Woody Allen once called
his second favorite organ?
Longtime Minneapolis residents tell stories
about the woozy, skinny young men seen
about town during World War II. They were
conscientious objectors involved in sleep-
and nutrition-deprivation experiments.
Problems of endurance and alertness are
endemic to soldiers on the march. Infantry
troops often subsist for a year at a time on
four hours of sleep a night and modest
rations. Any advantage that can be achieved
in sheer concentration and physical stamina
has long been prized, and biological innova-
tions have been applied to this goal. As early
as 1883, Bavarian soldiers on maneuvers
were given cocaine to see if the drug would
help overcome fatigue.
Paradoxically, some of the most infa-
examples of drug experiments by the
military have had as their purpose the induc-
ing of confusion and panic, rather than clarity
and cogency. Notoriously, American officials
suspected the North Koreans and “Red”
Chinese of using hallucinogens to “brainwash”
POWs during the Korean conflict. During
the 1950s, interest in determining the psy-
chological effects of psychotropic drugs was
rampant, especially in the CIA and the U.S.
Army. One of the CIA’s activities under the
code name MKULTRA was the dosing of
unsuspecting individuals with LSD, including
army anthrax expert Frank Olson, who fell
to his death from a New York City hotel in
1953 under circumstances that have led some
to conclude that the drugging was part of
an assassination. That same year, a New York
City tennis pro named Harold Blaur died
following a mescaline overdose in an invol-
untary experiment at New York State’s
Institute. Blaur, who had been
admitted to the institute following a diagnosis
of clinical depression, was an unwitting
subject under a secret contract between the
state and the Army Chemical Corps. In
the 1960s, thousands of soldiers were given
LSD in tests to which their consent was
questionnable. Many at least seem to have
known they were going to be exposed to
an hallucinogen, but not where or how.
These incidents, it should be noted,
came in the wake of the trial of Nazi doctors
in Nuremberg, Germany, after World War II,
and the famous code written by the judges.
The first line of the Nuremberg Code is,
“The voluntary consent of the human subject
is absolutely essential.” Less than two months
after Harold Blaur’s death, the secretary of
defense issued a top-secret memorandum
that made the code the Pentagon’s policy
for atomic, biological, and chemical warfare
experiments. Yet the U.S. government funded
a number of both covert and unclassified
possible. But would individuals then be
overloaded with memories, storing vast
quantities of detail that would normally be
ignored because we have evolved to filter
out or delete useless bits of information?
Such an innovation could literally be
maddening, let alone counterevolutionary,
unless the effects were short-lived. And who
would want to volunteer for the first trial?
The artificial-intelligence approach
would be more straightforward: engineer
a direct connection between your brain and
your Palm Pilot. Information could be
not only uploaded to the brain but also
downloaded to your Palm. DARPA’s now-
cancelled LifeLog program was a step away:
The idea was to create a database with every
communication an individual has written,
all pictures taken of them, and every bit
of information about them. Then use the
Global Positioning System to track all their
movements and sensors to record what they
say, see, and hear and add that to the data-
base. The unfolding events in a potential
terrorist’s life could be reconstructed in all
their dimensionality. But so could yours or
mine, and a civil-liberties outcry after DARPA
disclosed the project led to its demise.
Learning about the mechanism of
remembering also involves learning about
the mechanism of forgetting. In the film,
Eternal Sunshine of the Spotless Mind
ex-lovers undergo a high-tech brain erasing
procedure to forget about the pain of
breakup. In a literally touching moment in
Star Trek
, Mr. Spock engages in a Vulcan
mind-meld with Captain Kirk, without his
consent, to help him forget a tragic love
affair. Less romantically, undercover agents
would benefit from the ability to lose their
memories upon capture. Neuropsychologists
have already found that deliberate memory
loss among victims of parental abuse is both
a demonstrable mechanism (they are not
“lying” when they say they don’t recall)
and a very effective method of defense.
But mucking around with memory
raises significant questions about personal
identity. As far back as David Hume in
the eighteenth century, philosophers have
noted that our idea of ourselves is intimately
bound up with our remembered experiences,
including previous ideas about ourselves that
have entered the stream of consciousness.
Anyone who believes that there are certain
boundaries that should not be crossed must
be concerned about the modification of the
ability to remember and to forget.
Uri Geller gained fame decades ago for
his ostensible ability to bend spoons using
only mental energy. Then magicians did
the same thing. Although Geller still has
his advocates, agencies like DARPA seem
reluctant to throw in their strategic lot with
mentalists. Instead, in its effort to help
warfighters “do things at great distances,”
DARPA initiated its brain-machine Interfaces
The idea was to create a database
with every communication an
individual has written, all pictures
taken of them, and every bit of
information about them.
The Dana Forum on Brain Science
Program, which has shown that a monkey
can control a robot arm using only neural
impulses. In a 2002 report to Congress,
DARPA insisted that these are not merely
the impulses that normally control the
monkey’s arm, but the very thoughts about
arm movement themselves, transmitted to
a robot limb in another room. Similarly, in
recent work at Duke University, scientists
have shown that monkeys can be trained
to engage in complicated movements, with
neural processes alone, by means of devices
that involve both reaching for and grasping
an object. At the 2003 meeting of the
Society for Neuroscience, researchers from
Duke noted that they had proved the same
principle in humans undergoing neuro-
surgery (who could cooperate because brain
surgery anesthesia is local, not general) and
that they could safely identify the cells that
initiate actions. Ultimately it should be
possible for paralyzed people to control
limbs through computer implants.
Once this can be done, those same
impulses, digitized by a computer, can be
sent as encrypted messages over the Internet
to do things at any distance the electrons
will travel, including maneuvering aircraft,
inspecting a target, releasing weapons, and
so forth, at very close range. A soldier could
stay at a safe distance while controlling a
drone; an operator far from the battlefield
could do the same thing. Clearly we’ve
come a long way from arguing whether
Uri Geller actually bent that spoon.
General Patton is said to have lost his
command after World War II when he told
a journalist he regretted a world in which
distant aircraft could determine the course
of combat. But in fact the opportunity
provided by ground warfare to engage in
heroic acts at close range has never carried
much weight in comparison with tactical
advantage. Is any kind of tactical advantage
acceptable, or at any point are some advan-
tages so profound as to be unfair? (Probably
not.) Defenders of these development efforts
will surely observe that they are likely to
alleviate one of the most vexing problems
of modern war, the unintended effects of
lethal weapons on unarmed civilians.
Since the 1970s, reports have circulated
about Soviet and Chinese interest in “psy-
chotronic” weapons intended to influence
psychological and physiological processes at
a distance, perhaps through electromagnetic
radiation. Those who suspect innovative
national security agencies like DARPA of
malicious intentions believe it will continue
to probe all the possibilities presented by
neuroscientific advances, including mind
control. As evidence, human rights advo-
cates claim that references to mind control
or psychotronic weapons, including
summaries of information about Russian
and Chinese efforts, remain classified.
Those who suspect innovative nation-
al security agencies like DARPA of
malicious intentions believe it will
continue to probe all the possibilities
presented by neuroscientific
advances, including mind control.
According to U.S. experts, although
psychotronic warfare has been seized upon
by those who believe a security agency is
controlling or disrupting their brains, its goal
as information warfare would be to attack
communications systems, thus causing a
catastrophic infrastructure failure. Jamming
transmissions by Saddam Hussein’s radar
installations in the run-up to the Iraq war
was an elementary example of such tactics.
Similar principles might be applied to the
mental energy of the warfighters themselves,
perhaps by “pulse-wave weapons,” which
would disrupt motor signals from the
central cortex. Once again, though, reports
about Russian possession of such weapons
are highly disputed—as are claims that such
technical capabilities exist.
Perhaps more within reach are devel-
opments in functional magnetic resonance
imaging (fMRI) technology. The advent of
fMRI has been a boon to neuroscientists
interested in correlating blood flow with just
about every imaginable human experience.
If the basic mechanism could be improved
to detect blood flow at some distance from
the target brain—something like the MRI
systems within which surgery can be
conducted—it would be possible to install
surveillance systems in sensitive public spaces
like airports. Individuals with increased
blood flow in neural systems associated with
aggressive behaviors could be singled out
and stopped for questioning. Whether this
approach would provide a security benefit
or not might be beside the point for author-
ities anxious to appear to be doing all they
can to protect the public, as air travelers
have noticed in the past few years.
In the largest sense, what seems to be at
hazard are our most basic ideas about person-
identity and liberty. What sorts of ground
rules can be set for science and for states?
Are there regions of forbidden knowledge?
Or, because the prospects appear too attrac-
tive for governments to ignore (and too
important to concede to their adversaries),
how should democratic societies
themselves to manage these immensely pow-
capabilities? We seem to be left with
the ironic conclusion that the more tools the
neurosciences present for national security
purposes, the less secure each of us will be.
Discussions about ethics require the
oxygen of transparency, precisely the item
in short supply in national security matters.
Yet the failure to engage in some prospective
analysis of moral issues during the course of
technological innovations can have vexing
consequences for future generations. Aware
of the experience of the atomic physicists,
for example, geneticists resolved early on
to open themselves up to public scrutiny.
If the basic mechanism could be
improved to detect blood flow at
some distance from the target
brain—something like the MRI
systems within which surgery can
be conducted—it would be possible
to install surveillance systems in
sensitive public spaces like airports.
The Dana Forum on Brain Science
The U.S. government’s main funding
program for genetics research has from the
beginning set aside substantial funds to
sponsor projects on ethics. The vigorous
public discourse on ethics in genetics is
partly owed to that program.
Two complementary options are
available to stimulate a similar public debate
about the pursuit of these novel technologies
that may be applied to national security
objectives. One option is to create a funded
research program in which proposals can
be submitted for examining the kinds of
problems raised in this paper. Even if the
detailed mechanisms cannot be shared, the
issues at stake are clear enough and should
be debated in scholarly journals and on
op-ed pages. A second option is to create
an “ethical, legal and social implications”
advisory panel within agencies like DARPA,
composed of individuals with a range of
expertise and who have appropriate security
clearances but are not employees of the
federal government.
Whatever the means used for harness-
ing the knowledge that is forthcoming
to acceptable public ends, our society will
need to understand and debate the security
options made possible by the new neuro-
science. If only a small fraction of these
war fighting innovations bear fruit, applied
science will once again have played a
decisive role in changing the face of armed
conflict. In this case, science will have shifted
the battlefield to our very brains.
Chase, A.
Harvard and the Unabomber.
New York: W.W. Norton & Company, 2003.
2. Shachtman, N. “
February 17, 2004

AIDS – South Africa`s MKUltra ?

AIDS – South Africa`s MKUltra ?

african perspective

by PD Lawton

According to recent media headlines South Africans  are now asking to be supplied by  their government with ARVs to prevent HIV. That  tragic state of affairs is the result of a pharmaceutical-media propaganda campaign, a New World Order success for  depopulation and the profits of Big Pharma. The public`s fear of contracting AIDS is now at such an extreme level that they are demanding the State provide precautionary antiretroviral to be given to `at risk` sectors of society.

Who benefits from HIV ?

HIV status is a public relations program run for the benefit of the pharmaceutical industrial complex. HIV has yet to be proven to cause AIDS. HIV is a concept and AIDS in Africa is an umbrella name for a multitude of already existing diseases, some of which have been exacerbated by either environmental conditions or vaccines. In the case of South Africa it has reached the level of a national psyop and indirectly resulted in the resignation of a former  president, Thabo Mbeki  and his replacement by a candidate who is managing single-handedly to bring discredit to the ANC government, Jacob Zuma.

The largest HIV lobby group Treatment Action Campaign (TAC), funded by  US pharmaceutical companies, has been the effective tool  in what is part of a colour revolution in South Africa. This colour revolution is to over-throw the ANC government and derail the country`s membership of the BRICS nations.The BRICS is Africa`s only alternative to IMF/World Bank debt-inducing policy and is the political intention of creating a new paradigm of development and prosperity for the continent. Through public pressure organized by TAC, who are responsible for the red T shirt campaign promoting the idea of HIV status as `Proud to be HIV Positive`, the ANC were brought under pressure to sign agreements with pharmaceuticals such as Glaxo Smithkline and Pfizer to supply AZT to the public. Former President Thabo Mbeki had been insistent  that his government was being targeted by  subversive forces through the AIDS lobby due to the stance his government was taking in re-negotiating unfavourable terms with the WTO and the first steps that would later lead to the country`s joining of the BRICS in 2010. He went as far as to point at the CIA [1]

He maintained his view that HIV had not been proven to be the cause of AIDS under advice from scientists including  Dr Peter Duesberg and South African advocate, Anthony Brink who published a book in 1999 – `Debating AZT`. Due to Brink`s research Mbeki`s government and chief health advisor,  Prof Sam Mhlongo condemned the use of AZT.Prof Mhlongo stated that AZT was in his opinion a highly toxic drug and that there were multiple reasons for the epidemic of sickness in South Africa but that the main cause was poverty-related malnutrition. Prof Mhlongo later died in a car crash which was likely an assassination. Prof Mhlongo and the ANC under Thabo Mbeki openly accused drug companies of obscuring the facts as to the link between HIV and AIDS. Prof Mhlongo said :

The drug companies found that other parts of Africa do not have the logistics or capital, no chance of making massive profits. South Africa has the infrastructure to enable them to make the massive profits that they do. All the drug companies are here. South Africa is the epicentre for drug companies to supply the rest of Africa. So if you dismiss the question of HIV causes AIDS, then the drug companies will loose out.” [2]

In 2007, Anthony Brink  filed an indictment with the ICC against TAC leader, Zackie Achmat for the genocide of thousands of South Africans from ARV poisoning. Included in the Pariculars of the Charge :

“Achmat directs Treatment Action Campaign (‘TAC’), a professional lobby group that he founded in South Africa to shill on behalf of the multinational pharmaceutical industry by promoting the patented chemicals that it markets as so-called antiretroviral drugs (‘ARVs’) for the treatment of AIDS. Although the TAC has criticized the pharmaceutical industry on the pricing of ARVs (thereby burnishing their commercial reputation brightly), and makes a show of being financially independent from it (but collaborates with organizations openly funded by it), to all practical effect the TAC functions in South Africa as its marketing agent.” [3]

Today, the tenders for producing antiretrovirals in South Africa are worth well over R5.9 billion for competing pharmaceutical companies, 70% of which are South African based. [4] With millions of dollars pouring into the country from the USA,UK and Europe in the form of grants to support ARV treatment, HIV counselling, community and social awareness, educational programs and medical training and research, a single virus has now become one of the strongest economic growth sectors with tens of thousands of citizens employed in its ranks. An industry in itself, the AIDS Industry,  clearly proving that institutions like UNAIDS have little to do with science or health and everything to do with political advocacy; in the case of South Africa, a soft-power tool to manipulate the government of Africa`s mining giant.

The vested interests in South Africa are enormous. There are all these people who are doing research in relation to Wellcome and Glaxo. And they have research grants via the MRC, the Medical Research Council, and if they`re wrong- and in my view they are wrong- if they`re proved to be wrong then the research funding will stop and their careers are at stake and the `orthodox` view is extremely worried about the `non-orthodox ` view – that is the question that we are putting forward about the existence of HIV.” Prof Sam Mhlongo [5]

The higher the figures, the higher the funding

6.3 million South Africans were recorded as having HIV/AIDS in 2013 according to WHO statistics , with 200 000 deaths per year attributed to the disease. That is the highest rate world-wide. A national survey in 2014 found an astronomical increase of people testing positive for HIV, 400 000 new cases, up from 2012.  As of 2014 statistics there are now 6.8 million South Africans who are HIV positive. That is approaching one fifth of the population. In KwaZulu Natal which is an eastern province, nearly half the population (40%) have AIDS.

The HSRC (Human Sciences Research Council of SA) national survey results showing the dramatic increase in affected people has resulted in the implementation of a World Health Organization program to administer precautionary antiretroviral treatment to sectors in society considered most at risk. The WHO guidelines recommend that ” Oral PrEP…should be offered as an additional prevention choice for people at substantial risk of HIV infection as part of combination HIV prevention approaches.”[6] This is the largest ever roll out program of ARVs ever under taken.

UNAIDS reported that one of the highest risk sectors of society are adolescent girls between the ages of 15 and 24, with 7000 new HIV cases each week, a 30% increase in sub-Saharan Africa. As part of the UN Sustainable Development Goals for empowering women,  organizations such as DREAMS will be working with this age group to ensure they have access to the new combination pre-exposure prophylaxis ARVs. DREAMS stands for `determined, resilient, AIDS-free, mentored and safe women`. It is a public-private partnership with the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation.[7] Their mantra is that focussing on adolescent girls is key to ending AIDS. Or is it sterility?

The WHO is also  funded by the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation and the Rockefeller Foundation, both  infamous proponents of eugenics and depopulation.

Given the scale of AIDS in South Africa and the fact that antiretrovirals are mind and mood altering are we looking at South Africa`s version of MKUltra?  Project MKUltra was/is a covert CIA mind control program using drugs like LSD and other techniques to control the behaviour of individuals by manipulating mental states and altering brain function.


Apart from the highest AIDS rate,  South Africa holds another global record and that is for violent homicides. It is one of the most violent countries in the world and since 1994 rape and homicide have spiralled. [8] With an increase of 4.6 % in the last year, 49 South Africans are murdered each day in what are often horrifically violent homicides. 17 805 murders each year for a population of 54 million is a world record breaker. An example of what homicide in South Africa means can be seen on the Afrikaner Genocide Museum ( which is documenting the slow, controlled eradication of a White race of people  that has been African for the last 600 years. We can only hope that such torture is conducted by men who have been mentally debilitated. The country`s  child homicide rate was reported by the WHO in 2013 as more than double the global average. What the WHO did not report were the numbers of children murdered with knives, knobkerries (batons), machetes and by sexual abuse.[9]

In 2008, a paper was published by a leading South African psychiatrist, Prof. Matshepo Matoane after she had conducted extensive research into AIDS and psychiatric behavioural traits of patients on medication, that revealed the increase in violent tendencies of patients who were on a combination of drugs for TB and AIDS. The study revealed that the combination of these two medical treatments changed the patients natural behaviour making them violent and sadistic. Her warning to the government of the real danger was based on the fact that 40% of the military force are on the AIDS/TB medical combination. Prof Matoane gave her report in 2008 in an address to the South African military academy in Cape Town. Except for one source there was a total media blackout. [10]

TB is on the increase world-wide but yet again South Africa scores 3rd highest for rate of TB with an estimated 490 000 cases. 63% of whom are on AVRs. Silicosis induced TB is common among the mining work force due to silica dust exposure.  TB is a disease in partnership with poverty.History and logic declare that to true.

Big Drug Lords and little drug lords

Developed by Merck , Efavirenz is an antiretroviral known by its brand names  Sustiva, Stocrin and Efavir. Efavirenz is a psychoactive drug that has been proven to have the same effect on the mind as LSD.[11]The side effects taken under normal conditions are insomnia, depression, anxiety, confusion with more extreme psychiatric side-effects being aggression and psychosis.  Using ARVs as hallucinogens is common practice in South Africa where it is the street drug known as Nyope or Whoonga. A mix of tobacco, marijuana and ground up ARV with a dash of rat poison gives a huge high and is also one of the most  addictive of substances. Drug addicts in KwaZulu Natal on Whoonga are a major part of the spiralling crime and gang culture associated with extremely violent robberies involving rape, torture and murder all committed to get a daily supply of ARVs.  With 73% of South Africans under the age of 35 unemployed (source: COSATU,2011) it is not surprising that the official CDA statistics for heavy drug users is 15%. South African society is being undermined by the level of crime and much of this crime is AIDS drugs related.


The mining labour force of South Africa is among the cheapest world-wide and has continued to be since 1994.The platinum, gold, diamond and coal mines are some of the deepest. Inadequate health measures can almost guarantee that a miner will after 10 years in such conditions develop  some form of lung disease either related to asbestos or silicosis induced TB. AIDS has been an umbrella condition for mining corporations. To this day the extremely high rate of AIDS among miners is attributed to sexual promiscuity with   references common in the media such as this  :”AIDS is a particular problem in the mining industry because many employees are migrant workers living in hostels often hundreds of miles from their families.”[12]

A case is currently in the South African courts against 32 mining companies .Thousands of former miners are suing for what they estimate are 780 000 cases of occupational lung disease. If the case goes forward it will be the single largest class action suit in the history of the country.[13]

Dr Nancy Turner Banks has written extensively on the vested interests of corporations in promoting a new disease called  AIDS in her award winning book `AIDS, Opium, Diamonds, and Empire`. The  convenience of a disease that is contracted by sexual promiscuity as oppose to working conditions is undeniable. By the time, if ever, this deception is realized by the majority South Africa`s mine labour will have been replaced by a fully automated robotic technology.

A stranger case then for KwaZulu Natal where 1 in 3 people have AIDS because the province`s economy apart from coal is agricultural with a staggering 70% of people unemployed. However the main agriculture is sugarcane and one company has a monopoly over it, Huletts-Tongaat. Anglo American is the main share holder. Much of the cane harvesting is still done by hand and the one guaranteed condition that is prevalent among cane croppers is malnutrition due to the wages. Rio Tinto operates KwaZulu Natal`s coal mining. Two of the main investors in Rio Tinto are The Wellcome Trust and the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation who also fund the majority of the region`s clinics and hospitals which are where a person will be screened and treated for HIV. The Africa Centre for Health and Population Studies has its headquarters in KwaZulu Natal. It is one of the three largest sources of employment in the region where 70% of people are unemployed. Its primary aim is to combat HIV. The Africa Centre for Health and Population studies is funded by The Wellcome Trust and the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation. [14] You cannot get your head around the scale of this psyop.

The Tentacles of Empire

Since 2002 Anglo American, South Africa`s largest private company and employer have issued free ARVs to their 135 000 staff. Miners in Botswana working for  Debswana also receive free ARVs,  as do their families. Debswana is a joint venture 50% owned by the Botswanan government and DeBeers (now Anglo American.) Debswana is the largest employer in the country which has the 2nd highest rate of HIV globally.

Other companies in South Africa that issue free ARVs are AngloGold, a subsidiary of DeBeers, DaimlerChrysler and London listed drinks group – South African Breweries.


Whatever you perceive AIDS to be the stark reality of South Africa is that if you are  jobless; you will be unable to afford basic nutrition. At least 50% of South Africans live below the poverty line. The highest percent of poverty in any ethnic group is among the Afrikaners, one third of whom now live destitute in squatter camps.[16]

15% of children are born underweight, 5% of whom are so underweight they are diagnosed wasted at birth. 21.4 % of pre-school children have anaemia as do 50% of pregnant mothers. 13.2% of children have abnormally low calcium levels and vitamin B deficiency is endemic among the lower income majority who also live on the only grain that is deficient without nixtamalization in vitamin B, maize. Low levels of vitamin B have been proven to contribute to immune deficiency. [15] In a logical world : you are what you eat and health is a direct consequence of nutrition.

AZT was first produced as a treatment for cancer. It is a chemotherapy drug and therefore like all chemotherapy practices it damages your immune system. The following is a quote from AIDS, Opium, Diamonds, and Empire by Dr Nancy Banks:

Chemoantibiotics (anti[against], bio[life]), liberally given to both humans and domesticated animals,destroy the normal gut flora that aid in digestion and assimilation of our food and make it impossible to utilize the nutrition that is taken in. Many antibiotics and environmental toxins also damage a cellular organelle known as the mitochondria. It is in the mitochondria that our energy is produced in the form of a molecule of ATP (adenosine triphosphate). These fascinating organelles that at one time were ancient bacteria have their own DNA separate from nuclear DNA. Mitochondrial DNA is inherited through the maternal germline. Because of the intentional industrial attack of these organelles with drugs and toxins, not only is permanent genetic damage being passed on to future generations but this practice is also creating a significant rise in current chronic diseases, such as Alzheimer`s, cancer and acquired immune deficiency.”

Upto 80% of SA`s maize harvest is genetically modified.The staple diet of the nation is maize ground into maizemeal and cooked as a porridge. South Africa is the only country in the world that has a GM staple diet and has had for the past 3 decades.

Maizemeal is South Africa`s most affordable meal. It is cheap, traditional and filling. It is the only substance that the very poor can afford given that food prices in South Africa are no different to food prices in Britain and Europe.

40% of the genetically modified maize grown in South Africa is a Monsanto special – RoundUp Ready NK603 which is  banned in Russia and proven in France to result in cancerous growths i.e immune suppression. Contrary to mainstream media coverage,  the Seralini Study conducted in France has not been discredited.[17]

You do not need a man in a white coat to conduct research into the link between genetically modified food and damaged immune systems. It is a logical conclusion.

Mozambique neighbours South Africa with a high amount of interaction and trade between the two countries. 11.5% of Mozambican adults between the ages of 15 -49 years are HIV positive giving a total figure of 1.6 million cases of HIV as oppose to 6.3 million in neighbouring South Africa. Is this because Mozambicans are less promiscuous? Or is it because they have a staple diet of rice and a lack of Anglo American enterprises?

Positive or negative – a definitive science ?

Screening tests for HIV antibodies in South Africa are done primarily through  mobile clinics. This quick and cheap  method of detecting the presence of antibodies instead of the virus is not permitted in Germany due to its unreliability.


One of Prof Sam  Mhlongo`s many questions about HIV was why it affected Black Africans  more than any other race. If he were still alive today he would now have his answer. HIV is not a disease or a virus. It is a gene expression of a gene commonly carried by Africans. If Prof Mhlongo had the opportunity of  reading  German virologist, Christl Meyer`s research and the extensive research of Dr Nancy Turner Banks, he would have welcomed to learn that it is not surprising pregnant women in South Africa have a high chance of testing positive because their condition naturally creates antibodies. He would also have his worst fears confirmed about ARVs and administering them to 92% of HIV pregnant women in South Africa. As Christl Meyer answered to the question: So it sounds to me like this is some kind of genocide against Africa, against pregnant women who are producing the next generation and against homosexuals. Would you agree with this?

“I agree that this is a genocide.”[18]



House of Numbers by Brent Leung



[2]ANC Aids Denial – South Africa by Journeyman Pictures