[Loya Jirga Sets Conditions for American Partnership and for Honest Taliban Negotiations. Honesty is what they are after, but can it be found in the country today? The individual tribesman is fully dedicated to honesty, up until the point where it costs him. Their Western adversaries are led by psychopaths and sycophants, who do not understand the concept of honesty or the reason for unprofitable “mercy.” How could such a partnership ever produce any kind of lasting peace or a workable agreement? Until the US side admits what its actual intentions are for its outpost/beachhead in Afghanistan after 2014, the diplomats and negotiators are selling all lies to the public. When we finally hear some American military talking head begin to describe the missions that are planned out of Mazar i-Sharif, either in pursuit of narco-terrorists, or on counter-terrorist missions, then we will know that honesty is part of American considerations. Until that happens all attempts at human reconciliation efforts will be operating in a river of pure bullshit.]
Deputies approved the Loya Jirga last weekend declaration prepared by President Hamid Karzai. Its main point – offering the U.S. military to remain in the country since 2014.
But first, a few words about how he trained the Loya Jirga (High vseafganskoy Assembly) and treated like the idea of its political parties and other opposition groups in Afghanistan.
The need for and purpose of the Loya Jirga
It should be noted that some political commentators and politicians some, talking about the causes and necessity of the Loya Jirga, in general, noted two points of view. First, the Loya Jirga – the idea of the Karzai government. Following the announcement of the withdrawal of foreign troops from Afghanistan’s rulers of this country think about their future. They would, of course, continue to remain in power by foreign military force. To implement this idea, you need to get formal approval Loya Jirga.
Secondly, this idea and the U.S., which also tend to stay in Afghanistan and after the announced withdrawal of troops in 2014. History shows that American troops everywhere, wherever they were, these places do not voluntarily leave. Recall Germany, Japan … They are almost always stayed at the request of the governments of these countries, which are mostly pro-American.
The position of Parliament and opposition parties
Four days before the opening of the Loya Jirga Parliament considered the participation of deputies in the Assembly. As the deputy told reporters in Badakhshan province of Afghanistan Fawzia Kufi, after heated debate, most MPs came to the conclusion that the conduct of the Loya Jirga – the illegal action of the authorities and to participate in it they will not. Also, deputies noted that the government has yet to report to Parliament on the budget of the Loya Jirga.
Some opposition political parties and organizations have also opposed the Loya Jirga.For example, Abdullah Abdullah, former Minister of Foreign Affairs of Afghanistan and Karzai’s main rival in the presidential election, who heads the alliance, “Change and Hope”, said the debate on two vital issues for the state (strategic partnership with America and the conclusion of peace with the Taliban) in Loya Jirga – the illegal action of the authorities. And because his alliance to participate in it will not.
According to him, the Loya Jirga – a mechanism by which Hamid Karzai wants to illegally extend his rule. As noted by Abdullah Abdullah, the members of the Assembly do not represent all the tribes and walks of life in Afghanistan. So Loya Jirga can not consider such important matters of state. It is the prerogative of the Parliament, whose rights were thereby infringes Karzai said Abdullah Abdullah.
“National Front”, which includes the powerful personality of Afghanistan, such as Ahmad Ziyo Masud, Muhammad Muhakkik, Abdurashid Dostum and others also suggests that “the holding of Loya Jirga is illegal and has a goal to reduce the value and position of Parliament.”
The Taliban had intended to blow up the Loya Jirga
On the eve of the Assembly, the Taliban claimed that they got a plan to provide security for Loyay Jirga and in the days of passing the Assembly are going to attack her.
Although the attack itself was not, however, at the request of law enforcement agencies of Afghanistan, a day before the opening of the vicinity of the Loya Jirga was destroyed by a suicide bomber, who had on the body belt with explosives. And on the second day near the building where the assembly took place, several rockets exploded. There were no casualties. Responsibility for the bombings took the Taliban.
Responsibility for the preparation and conduct of the Loya Jirga, Hamid Karzai gave the Commission on the preparation and conduct of the Assembly, headed by former President Sibghatullah Mudzhaddidi. The Commission, consisting of 32 members had the right to verify the identity of candidates submitted by the Loya Jirga, that is to check whether they are persons of influence and where they were presented.According to established procedures to nominate one deputy had the right to the city and big towns of Afghanistan. Also on the list have been made about thirty percent of the provincial deputies. The final list was presented to Karzai, who is also his, and claimed.
According to the list in the Assembly were to take part in 2030 delegates, but by the beginning of the Loya Jirga delegates were registered only in 1900, including at least half of the representatives of the Afghan Parliament.
The first day of the deputies gave Hamid Karzai, who asked delegates to discuss two issues: strategic cooperation with the U.S. and the world with the Taliban. He made it clear to deputies, the U.S. military could stay in Afghanistan even after 2014, when they will consider and protect the interests of Afghanistan and not to interfere in the internal affairs of the country. But he added that Afghanistan will not allow use of its territory against third countries. With regard to peace with the Taliban Karzai any specific proposals are made. This case he lay on the Loya Jirga of Deputies.
All the deputies were distributed to 40 committees, and work was mainly on these committees. It is interesting that none of the deputies did not want to work on the Committee under number 39, even sitting in an office under that number, they refused. The fact is that in some provinces of Afghanistan, this figure is considered to be synonymous with the word “infamy” … As a result, the organizers had to turn on this issue.
The discussions in the committees continued until November 19. On this day in the presence of Hamid Karzai and Foreign Minister of Germany, Guido Westerwelle, the delegates adopted a declaration, which consists of 76 items.
What is said in the declaration?
Delegates said that any agreement will be signed between Afghanistan and America, must have a guarantee that it will run. This document must be approved by parliament and is registered in the United Nations. Afghans who are in U.S. prisons, should be returned to Afghanistan. Also, the U.S. should not have their own prisons in Afghanistan.
The Declaration recommends that the Loya Jirga to place U.S. military facilities in the border areas, which are clusters of sites militants, as well as demands to ban the nighttime military operations, withdraw immunity from Americans who commit crimes in Afghanistan.
Military facilities may not be near residential areas.
The declaration also stresses that in the territory of Afghanistan’s military installations should not be permanent. Training and equipping of the Afghan armed forces should be an integral part of an agreement with the United States.
In the final declaration of the Assembly of Representatives voted in support of continuing the negotiations with the Taliban, but it required a change in the mechanism of negotiation. “The Afghan government needs to identify his friend and enemy, to demand from Pakistan’s ongoing change in policy toward Afghanistan and cooperate with the international community in combating terrorism” – the declaration said.
Afghan President Hamid Karzai said that the adopted declaration will be his guide to action.